Row crop

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Crop rows
A row crop tractor

A row crop is a crop that can be planted in rows wide enough to allow it to be tilled or otherwise cultivated by agricultural machinery, machinery tailored for the seasonal activities of row crops.[1] Such crops are sown by drilling rather than broadcasting.

The distinction is significant in crop rotation strategies, where land is planted with row crops, commodity food grains, and sod-forming crops in a sequence meant to protect the quality of the soil while maximizing the soil's annual productivity.[2]

Examples of row crops include cotton, maize, soybeans, and sugar beets.