Rowland's Castle

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Rowlands Castle
RowlandsCastleGreen.jpg
Rowlands Castle Green
Rowlands Castle is located in Hampshire
Rowlands Castle
Rowlands Castle
Location within Hampshire
Population2,770 [1]
2,747 (2011 Census including Idsworth)[2]
OS grid referenceSU733106
Civil parish
  • Rowlands Castle
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townROWLANDS CASTLE
Postcode districtPO9 6xx
Dialling code023
PoliceHampshire
FireHampshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
50°53′28″N 0°57′36″W / 50.89115°N 0.96006°W / 50.89115; -0.96006Coordinates: 50°53′28″N 0°57′36″W / 50.89115°N 0.96006°W / 50.89115; -0.96006

Rowlands Castle is a village and civil parish in the East Hampshire district of Hampshire, England. It is 2.9 miles (4.7 km) north of Havant, on the Hampshire/West Sussex border.

The focal point of the village is the village green which is shaped somewhat like a lung. Surrounded by roads it is about 250 yards (230 m) long and about 40 yards (37 m) wide at its eastern end while tapering to almost a point at the western end near the railway arch.

The village takes its name from a Motte-and-bailey castle, the remains of which are situated to the south of Redhill Road and west of the railway line, east of the current centre of the village.

History[edit]

Evidence the Romans made pottery, brick and tiles in the Rowlands Castle vicinity has been uncovered and this would have been aided due to the availability of suitable clay.[3] The castle was built at some time between 1066 and 1199 and is first documented under the name ROLOKECASTEL in 1381.[4][5] It was in good repair in the twelfth century, when Henry II spent several days there in hunting and amusement,[6] but was abandoned by the 15th century. The site was damaged by the railway and quarrying in the 19th century and now only the earthworks and a few small areas of wall remain.[5]

Governance[edit]

Rowlands Castle is a ward and a parish council area within the East Hampshire local government district. It is also part of the East Hampshire UK Parliament constituency.

Geography[edit]

The village lies in the area of the former Forest of Bere on the eastern boundary of Hampshire. To the east in the parish of Stoughton, West Sussex is Stansted Park.

Geology[edit]

Rowlands Castle lies on the northern edge of the Neogene deposits of the Hampshire Basin. The north of the village lies on the chalk of the southern South Downs. In the south is the Reading Formation which gave rise to the former local brick industry.[7]

Economy[edit]

It is largely a quiet residential village, with four pubs and a few small shops, including a hardware store and a local convenience store.

Culture and community[edit]

Transport[edit]

Rowlands Castle is served by a railway station on the Portsmouth Direct Line between London Waterloo and Portsmouth served by the generally hourly stopping service. There is just one significant bus route which operates every two hours during core daytime and goes via Leigh Park, Havant and Denvilles to Emsworth.[9]

The village is crossed by various long-distance footpaths, the Monarch's Way, Sussex Border Path, Staunton Way and Shipwrights Way. Additionally National Cycle Route 22 passes by the village green on its route from Havant to Petersfield.[10]

Religious sites[edit]

St. John's the Baptist[edit]

The Church of England parish church of St. John's the Baptist is situated to the west of the centre of the village close to the B2149 road. It is an aisled church with transept and chapels with the east window being a stained glass depiction of the Crucifixion by Francis Austin.[11]

Church on the Green[edit]

The Church on the Green is prominently situated at the west end of the green and is a United Reformed Church.

St. Hubert's chapel[edit]

St Huberts chapel or church is in the far north of the civil parish, Idsworth.[12] St. Huberts chapel was built in 1053 and was originally dedicated to St. Peter and St. Paul. It is a Grade I listed building, listed on 16 March 1954.[13] The chapel contains examples of medieval paintings from around 1300 which include paintings around the altar window of St. Peter, St. Paul, and two angels. On the north wall there is a painting of St. Hubert and St. John the Baptist. The narthex contains an octagonal stone font and above it is a gallery which contains the church organ.

Idsworth, based on its compact late Saxon church, was a chapelry long including Rowlands Castle and until a recent date unknown was dependent on the mother church of Chalton. Hence a dispute concerning the right to appoint the chaplain arose in 1275 between Henry de Bonynges, lord of the manor of Idsworth, who claimed it as an appurtenance, versus the prioress of Nuneaton, who made good (made out better) her right as patron of Chalton church, and therefore of the appendant chapel. The rectors of Chalton were bound from very early times to find a chaplain at the chapel to say mass on Sundays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, and on double feasts throughout the year, and to administer the sacraments and other rites (except the burial of the dead) for the inhabitants of the hamlets of Idsworth "and Dene" (Horndean, or perhaps Finchdean). Sir William Haughe, rector of Chalton, discontinued this practice in 1394 and so proceedings were taken against him in the Court of Arches by Richard Romyn, lord of Idsworth manor, and the rest of the inhabitants of the two villages before Thomas Stowe and Adam Uske, who decided that the rector was liable by custom to find a chaplain to minister in Idsworth Chapel. This "sentence" (ruling) was published by the bishop of Winchester on 1 May 1398, and confirmed by the prior and chapter of Winchester on 3 June.[14]

Sport and Leisure[edit]

The village sports an 18-hole golf course with the club being formed in 1902, albeit originally as a 9-hole course.[15]:31–32

In 1994 Stage 5 of the Tour de France passed through Rowlands Castle, attracting large crowds from as far as Manchester to the carnival atmosphere.[16]

Notable People[edit]

  • Lionel 'Buster' Crabb, a famous Royal Navy diver, post World War II, lived in Whichers Gate Road and was a local at the Staunton Arms Pub at the entrance of the village, where he was remembered by local villagers.[citation needed][dubious ]
  • Former British No. 1 tennis player Chris Wilkinson remains active in the local, county and national levels.[17]
  • Former Van Morrison guitarist and Britain's Got Talent contestant Herbie Armstrong once ran The Fountain Inn in the centre of the village next to the Village Green. His weekly live music evenings attracted music lovers from across the region, and have been known to include some famous faces; Mick Hucknall on one occasion.[18][19]:13

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish Headcounts, Area: Rowlands Castle CP". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 2001. Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2008.
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 23 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  3. ^ Dicks, Johnathen. "The Rowland's Castle Brickworks" (PDF). Rowland Castle Heritage Organisation. A Brief History of the Rowland’s Castle Brick & Tile Works. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 October 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  4. ^ Hanks, P. Hodges F., Mills, A.D. & Room A. (2002), The Oxford Names Companion, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-860561-7
  5. ^ a b "Rowlands Castle". Gatehouse Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 28 September 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  6. ^ "Rowlands Castle". Hampshire County Council. Archived from the original on 8 August 2007. Retrieved 1 July 2007.
  7. ^ British Geological Survey (1998), England and Wales Sheet 316 Fareham, 1:50,000 series geological map, Keyworth, Nottingham: British Geological Survey, ISBN 0-7518-3168-9
  8. ^ "Rowlands Castle Model Railway". Stansted Park House & Grounds. Archived from the original on 16 October 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  9. ^ "27 - Rowlands Castle - Havant - Emsworth". Bus Times. Archived from the original on 15 October 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  10. ^ "Cycling in the Havant Area" (PDF). Havant Borough Council. Havant Borough Council. p. 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 October 2018. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  11. ^ Eberhard, Robert (January 2019). "Stained Glass Windows at St. John - Rowlands Castle, Hampshire". Church Stained Glass Windows. Archived from the original on 20 May 2019.
  12. ^ Nearby.Org Co-ordinate converter, coordinate location
  13. ^ British Listed Buildings Archived 16 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, St. Huberts Chapel.
  14. ^ 'Parishes: Chalton', in A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 3, ed. William Page (London, 1908), pp. 102-110. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/hants/vol3/pp102-110 [accessed 27 January 2019].
  15. ^ "Summer 2013" (PDF). Rowlands Castle Association Village Magazine (Summer 2013 ed.). 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 October 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  16. ^ Whitfield, Martin (8 July 1994). "Village in carnival mood as Tour flashes by: Up to 1 million people watched the second UK stage of the Tour de France. Martin Whitfield reports from the route". Independent. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  17. ^ "British tennis ace to give lessons in Rowlands Castle". Petersfield Post. 16 April 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  18. ^ Siddiqui, Tamara (25 March 2017). "Live music hub in Rowlands Castle closes after 285 years". The News (Portsmouth). Archived from the original on 25 September 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  19. ^ "Autumn 2013" (PDF). Rowlands Castle Association Village Magazine (Autumn 2013 ed.). 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 October 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.

External links[edit]