Rowland Cotton

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Sir Rowland Cotton (baptized 29 January 1581 – died 22 August 1634) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1605 and 1629.

Cotton was the son of William Cotton, a London draper. He matriculated from St John's College, Cambridge in 1596 and was admitted at Lincoln's Inn on 13 June 1599. He was a friend and patron of John Lightfoot.[1] He suucceeded his father in 1607, inheriting estates in Shropshire and Staffordshire. He lived at Bellaport Hall, Norton in Hales, Shropshire.

In 1605, he was elected Member of Parliament for Newcastle-under-Lyme and knighted in 1608. He was appointed to the bench as Justice of the Peace for Shropshire by 1614 to his death, and as a commissioner of oyer and terminer for Wales and the Marches by 1616 to death. He served as Mayor of Newcastle in 1614-15. He was appointed also High Sheriff of Shropshire for 1616–17 and the following year a member of Council of the Marches for life.[2]

In 1626 he was elected MP for Shropshire. He was elected MP for Newcastle-under-Lyme again in 1628 and sat until 1629 when Charles I decided to rule without parliament for eleven years.[3]

He married twice: firstly Frances (who died in childbirth in 1606), the daughter of Sir Robert Needham of Shavington Hall and secondly Joyce, the daughter and coheiress of Sir Richard Walsh of Sheldesley Walsh, Worcestershire.[2]

He died in August 1634 aged 53 and was buried at Norton in Hales, whose parish church contains a tomb effigy, of he and his first wife, that was designed by Inigo Jones.[2] He left no children and his estates reverted to his brother William on the death of his wife.

References[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Walter Chetwynd
John Bowyer
Member of Parliament for Newcastle-under-Lyme
1605-1611
With: Sir Walter Chetwynd
Succeeded by
Edward Wymarke
Robert Needham
Preceded by
Sir Richard Newport
Sir Andrew Corbet
Member of Parliament for Shropshire
1626
With: Sir Richard Leveson
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Newport
Sir Andrew Corbet
Preceded by
Sir John Skeffington, 2nd Baronet
John Keeling
Member of Parliament for Newcastle-under-Lyme
1628-1629
With: Sir George Gresley
Succeeded by
Parliament suspended until 1640