Rowsch Shaways

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Rowsch Shaways
1st Prime Minister of Iraqi Kurdistan (KDP)
In office
26 September 1996 – 20 December 1999
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Nechervan Idris Barzani
Vice President of Iraq
In office
June 1, 2004 – April 7, 2005
Serving with Ibrahim al-Jaafari
President Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer
Preceded by Taha Yassin Ramadan
Succeeded by Ghazi al-Yawer and
Adil Abdul-Mahdi (Vice Presidents)
Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq
In office
April 7, 2005 – May 20, 2006
Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari
Nouri al-Maliki
Preceded by Barham Salih
Succeeded by Barham Salih
In office
August 20, 2009 – September 8, 2014
Serving with Rafi al-Issawi,[1] Saleh al-Mutlaq[2] and Hussain al-Shahristani[3]
Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki
Preceded by Barham Salih
Succeeded by Hoshyar Zebari
In office
18 October 2014 – 10 August 2015
Serving with Saleh al-Mutlaq and Baha Araji[4]
Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi
Preceded by Hoshyar Zebari
Personal details
Born 1947 (age 70–71)
Sulaymaniyah, Iraq
Political party Kurdistan Democratic Party
Residence Erbil

Rowsch Nuri Shaways (Kurdish رۆژ نووری شاوەیس; Arabic روز نوري شاويس) is a Kurdish politician who served as the first Prime Minister of the KDP-controlled part of Kurdistan. After the invasion of Iraq that overthrew the Saddam Hussein regime, he served as one of Iraq's two vice presidents in the interim government established in 2004. Subsequently, he was a Deputy Prime Minister in the government headed by Ibrahim al-Jaafari and later held the same post under Nouri al-Maliki. He also served as Depty Prime Minister under Haider Al-Abadi from 8 September 2014 to 9 August 2015. Previously, he served as Parliament speaker in the Kurdish autonomous region and is a member of the Kurdistan Democratic Party.

Family and education[edit]

His Father was Nuri Siddik Shaways, who was one of the first Kurdish cabinet ministers in Iraq after the 1970 Autonomy Accord. His mother Nahida Sheikhsalam served as the first woman Member of Parliament .He is the oldest of 8 brothers.

Dr. Shaways earned a doctorate in engineering in Germany and returned to Iraq in 1975 to join the Kurdish resistance to Saddam Hussein, where he helped lead the Peshmerga forces in many key battles alongside Masoud Barzani.


  1. ^ Central Intelligence Agency. CIA. 2010. p. 310. 
  2. ^ "Iraq Cabinet weakens as violence escalates". Hürriyet Daily News. 25 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "Kurds Forge a Risky Oil Deal With Turkey". Wall Street Journal. 2 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Iraq Investment and Business Guide Volume 1 Strategic and Practical Information. IBP Inc. 2015-06-23. p. 34. ISBN 9781329244313. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Post Created
Prime Minister of KDP-controlled Kurdistan
Succeeded by
Nechervan Barzani
Preceded by
Taha Yassin Ramadan
Interim Vice President of Iraq
Served alongside Ibrahim al-Jaafari

Succeeded by
Adil Abdul Mahdi and Ghazi al-Yawar
as Vice Presidents
Preceded by
Barham Salih
(interim Deputy Prime Minister)
Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq
Succeeded by
Barham Salih