Rowsley railway station
|Original company||Manchester, Buxton, Matlock and Midlands Junction Railway.|
|Post-grouping||London, Midland and Scottish Railway|
|4 June 1849||Station opened|
|1 August 1862||Closed and reopened with new station|
|1 September 1867||Renamed Rowsley for Chatsworth|
|14 June 1965||Renamed Rowsley|
|6 March 1967||Closed|
|Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom|
|Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
|UK Railways portal|
The original Rowsley railway station was opened in 1849 by the Manchester, Buxton, Matlock and Midlands Junction Railway to serve the village of Rowsley in Derbyshire.
The original plan for the line was to meet the proposed Ambergate, Nottingham, Boston and Eastern Junction Railway at Ambergate to provide a route from Manchester to the East Coast. The Midland Railway bought shares in the line as it saw an opportunity to run through trains to London. The Manchester and Birmingham Railway, which would provide access from Stockport to Manchester over its own line, supported the project for the same reason. However, in 1846 it merged into the new London and North Western Railway which was opposed to any competition into London.
The stalemate lasted until 1862 when the Midland realigned the track and moved to a new station as it extended the line into Buxton. The original station building, which had been designed by Joseph Paxton, was used as a goods office until closure in 1967. It still exists within a shopping centre.
The new station was particularly grand, with large first- and third-class facilities and, unusually, in 1891, a subway between the platforms to cater for dignitaries visiting the Duke of Devonshire.
The through line
Finally in 1867 the line reached Manchester and became part of one of the Midland's most prized assets. Besides the London expresses, some of which called at the station, there was substantial goods traffic. This included limestone southwards from the Peak District and, in particular, coal northward from the Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Coalfield.
Northwards from Rowsley, the line climbed over 600 feet in fourteen miles to its summit at Peak Forest with punishing gradients. A large Motive Power Depot and marshalling yard was opened in 1877 to provide banking engines and to split trains as necessary. This was not so much due to the lack of powerful engines, but because of the need to limit the strain on wagon couplings. Thus, in theory, a class 8F locomotive could haul 37 wagons, but a banker would still have to be provided. Moreover, account had to be taken of the braking capacity on the downhill stretch towards Chinley, such that larger engines were no more capable than the ubiquitous "4Fs".
In June 1933 Express Dairies were granted a 99-year lease on approximately 2,538 square yards (2,122 m2) of railway land, on which to build a creamery. The company were also granted dedicated use of one of the five newly created sidings. Express built a facility that included a milk cooling depot, spray, pond condenser and filter plant. Milk Tank Wagons were normally attached to the 5.18pm local to Derby for Cricklewood, or the 10.15pm express freight to Brent sidings. In the 12 months to the end of May 1934, the LMS noted that the carriage value of milk forwarded from Rowsley was £16,886.
The station closed in 1967, the line closing the following year, and subsequently the track was removed. The line has since been reopened in stages from Matlock by Peak Rail as a heritage railway, reaching its current present terminus at a new station at Rowsley South (which opened in 1997).
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There are plans to reconstruct the line from the current terminus at Rowsley South through Rowsley station itself to as close to Bakewell as possible (this may include rebuilding and full restoration of the Rowsley station site itself as Phase 1 of the project).
When Peak Rail has extended its services into the station site at Rowsley itself, the current terminus at Rowsley South will close as it is only half a mile away.
|Preceding station||Disused railways||Following station|
|Darley Dale||Manchester, Buxton, Matlock and Midlands Junction Railway||Bakewell|
|Proposed Heritage railways|
|Rowsley South||Peak Rail||Bakewell|
- Butt, R.V.J., (1995) The Directory of Railway Stations, Yeovil: Patrick Stephens
- Williams, F.S., (1874) The Midland Railway: Its Rise and Progress Derby: Bemrose and Son
- Kingscott, G., (2007) Lost Railways of Derbyshire, Newbury: Countryside Books
- Bentley, C., (1997) British Railways Operating History: Volume One, The Peak District, Carnarvon: XPress Publishing.
- Hudson, Bill (1989). Through Limestone Hills. OPC Railprint. p. 232. ISBN 0860932176.