Roxey Ann Caplin
Roxey Ann Caplin (1793 – 2 August 1888) was a British writer and inventor.
She was born in 1793 in Canada. Around 1835 she married Jean Francois Isidore Caplin (c.1790-c.1872).
From 1839 Madame Caplin was a corsetmaker working at 58 Berners Street, London.
At the Great Exhibition in 1851 she was awarded the prize medal of "Manufacturer, Designer and Inventor" for her corsetry designs.
In 1860 she became a member of the Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures & Commerce (RSA).
She died on 2 August 1888 at Cambridge Lodge, St Leonard's East Sheen in Surrey. Her effects were valued at £6452, a considerable estate for a tradesman in this period.
She wrote books and articles, notably:
- Health and Beauty: or, Woman and Her Clothing, Considered in Relation to the Physiological Laws of the Human Body (1850);
- Health and Beauty – 1854 version.
- Health and Beauty – 1856 version
- Health and Beauty – 1864 version.
- Woman and Her Wants; Four Lectures To Ladies (1860);
- Women in the Reign of the Queen Victoria (1876) with J. Mill.
The corsets from the Great Exhibition in 1851 are in the Museum of London.
She had filed 24 patents by 1864.
How shall the poet, in a single lay,
the glory of her age and time portray?
Suffice if for the wondering world to mark
She took from all beside the medal in Hyde Park;
The only prize that was for corsets given
to any manufacturer under heaven.
Lo! the dazzling splendours of her fame advance
O'er 'All England' and the whole of France
She, the beloved, who now fills Brunswick's throne
Deals with Madame Caplin – her alone;
Why need I paint the heroine of my lays,
Or tell the land where passed her virgin days;
'Twas Canada!'-above all colonies renowned—
that heard my heroine's praises first resound,
You'll an incarnation of the graces meet
at No. 58 in Berners Street.
Science and pure benevolence combined,
A deity in human form enshrined;
Gracious demeanour, and courtly mien,
Learning and worth are thine, great Native queen.
- Sarah Levitt (1986). Victorians Unbuttoned: Registered Designs for Clothing, Their Makers & Wearers, 1839–1900. Unwin Hyman. pp. 27–30. ISBN 978-0-04-391013-9.
- Kelly's London Postal Directory, London, 1859–62; Times, London, 4 August 1888, p. 1.
- Health and Beauty 1856
- Health and Beauty 1864
- Dummy for Stays; designs, no. 669 year 1841
- The Hygean or Corporifom Corset; usefuld designs, no. 1995 year 1849
- S. Levitt, Victorians unbuttoned: registered designs for clothing, their makers and wearers, 1839–1900 (1986), 26–30
- R. A. Caplin, Health and beauty, or, Corsets and clothing (1856)
- R. A. Caplin, The needle: its history and utility (1860)
- R. A. Caplin and J. Mill, Women in the reign of Queen Victoria 
- J. F. I. Caplin, Selection of documents and autograph letters in testimony of the cures effected by the electro-chemical bath of J. F. I. Caplin (1865)
- J. F. I. Caplin, 'Prospectus of the Manchester Hygiaenic Gymnasium', Catalogue of the works exhibited in the British section of the exhibition ... together with exhibitors' prospectuses, 10 (1856)
- J. T. S. Lidstone, The Londoniad: a grand national poem on the arts (1856)
- registered design, 1841, TNA: PRO, BT 42, no. 669
- registered design, 1849, TNA: PRO, BT 45, no. 1995
- PO street directories, London, Mortlake, and Manchester
- census returns for Mortlake, 1881
- d. cert. Likenesses C. Silvy, photograph, c.1864, reproduced in Caplin, Selection of documents · photogravure photograph, c.1875, reproduced in Caplin and Mill, Women in the reign of Queen Victoria Wealth at death £6452 19s. 10d.: probate, 5 September 1888, CGPLA England & Wales
- Alex Werner (1998). London Bodies: The Changing Shape of Londoners from Prehistoric Times to the Present Day. ISBN 978-0-904818-90-1.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roxey Ann Caplin.|
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- from Godey's Lady's Book in March 1854
- Levitt, Sarah. "Caplin, Roxey Ann". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/42053. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- The Correspondence of James McNeill Whistler
- RSA, Female Membership 1754–1954
- Ingenious Women