Roxxon Energy Corporation
|Roxxon Energy Corporation|
|First appearance||Captain America #180 (December 1974)|
|Created by||Steve Englehart
|Type of business||Petroleum company|
Roxxon Energy Corporation (also known as Roxxon, formerly known as Roxxon Oil Company) is the name of a fictional massive petroleum corporation run by various owners. The company appears in comic book stories published by Marvel Comics and exists in that company's shared universe, known as the Marvel Universe.
- 1 Publication history
- 2 Fictional company history
- 3 Subsidiaries
- 4 Members
- 5 Other versions
- 6 In other media
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Fictional company history
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (July 2013)|
Roxxon is the world's largest conglomerate. Roxxon is notorious for its determination to make massive profits regardless of any laws or moral principles, and continually covertly uses unethical and illegal means to increase its profits. As such, it is involved in numerous criminal plots that require the opposition of the various superheroes to stop. The name of the company resembles that of Exxon, an American petroleum company often criticized for its profiteering at the expense of the environment.
While this fictional company has encountered numerous superheroes, it has most notably been at odds with Iron Man, as in a storyline called "The Iron Age" where it was revealed that agents of Roxxon Oil (then known as Republic Oil and Gas) killed Tony Stark's parents. Roxxon has also regularly been at odds with Project Pegasus regarding energy sources as the latter has been involved with alternative energy research that could hurt Roxxon's oil profitability.
The central division of the Roxxon conglomerate is Roxxon Oil. The company is currently a wholly owned Subsidiaries of the Kronas Corporation, the Metrobank, and the Brand Corporation. Brand is another for-profit company that has specialized in creating superhumans. While Brand is usually considered a Roxxon subsidiary, it has sometimes made its own decisions and acted independently.
Roxxon has its own army-like security task force, and has employed a number of special agents, many of whom it has given superhuman abilities.
The company's former head Hugh Jones had been arrested several times but has never been convicted to date.
In the mini-series Great Lakes Avengers, a character named the Grasshopper was introduced. Real name Douglas Taggert, he was an employee of Roxxon, wearing a suit of cybernetic armor themed like a grasshopper developed by them to defend the company. Seconds after accepting an invitation to join the GLA he was killed by a villain named Zaran.
In the following GLX-Mas Special, Killer Shrike (a former employee of Roxxon) attempts to steal "Project Z" from the company, but he is stopped by a new Grasshopper that defeats the villain. He dies mere minutes later after activating the suit's maximum jump, which launched him into space.
- Brand Corporation - A scientific research and development firm which has conducted many projects for the federal government. The Brand Corporation also worked in robotics and interdimensional exploration.
- Cybertek Systems Inc. - A cybernetic research division of Roxxon that serves as its prosthetic and robotics facility. It was later enhanced to reverse-engineer the Deathlok cyborg.
- Metrobank - 
- Pierce Benedict - Director of seagoing operations.
- Jonas "Jonah" Hale - Director of Research. He is also the former chief operations director of Republic Oil and Natural Gas.
- Samuel Higgins - The Facility Director in Denver. He utilized James Hudson as a power source following his return from Quwrlln. Samuel later recruited Madison Jeffries to assist Windshear on a mission and also presided over the facility developing Omega-32, which was raided by the Beetle.
- Henry Mason - Vice-President of Roxxon Energy Corporation.
- Carrington Pax - Executive in Roxxon Energy Corporation's West Coast division.
- Huck Petrie - Negotiator of the Roxxon Energy Corporation.
- Brian Sagar - Vice-President of the Roxxon Energy Corporation.
- Mike Tappan - Associate director of Roxxon Energy Corporation's Los Angeles division.
- Minotaur / Dario Agger - New CEO of Roxxon. His ultimate goal is to use Roxxon to bleed Earth dry of its natural resources and then move on to other worlds which leads him into conflict with the female Thor.
- Clayton Burr - Vice President for Roxxon's international development. He supervised Cybertek.
- Brandon Chambers - Executive of Roxxon. He sponsored his brother Phillip's DNA experiments not realizing that their other brother Mitchell was the subject.
- Ian Forbes - Director of Roxxon's Belfast facility.
- Calvin Halderman - President of Roxxon.
- Curtis Henshaw - Executive of the R&D section at Roxxon's Bolivian facility.
- John T. Gamelin - Director of Foreign Operations. He was later the President of Roxxon Energy Corporation.
- Don Kaminski - President of Roxxon Energy Corporation.
- Simon Krieger - Vice President of Roxxon's Republic Oil & Natural Gas.
- Linden Laswell - Executive of Roxxon's Latveria project.
- Terence Gerard - 
- Michael Brady - Executive of Roxxon's Chemical Division.
- Reuben Kincaid - Executive of Roxxon Energy Corporation. He was murdered by Michael Brady.
- Bill - Helicopter pilot for Roxxon's Long Island division.
- Carson - A security operative.
- Chester - A floating oil refinery worker for Roxxon Oil.
- Chief Compton - Supervisor of Roxxon's underground NYC facility.
- Larry Curtiss - A security operative.
- Davis - A scientist who is an assistant to Jonas Harrow.
- Delvecchio - Member of Roxxon's underground NYC facility.
- Jim Dworman - Former Cybertek programmer. He was in charge of Cybertek's shutdown.
- Gail - Secretary to Carrington Pax.
- Gordon - Member of Roxxon's underground NYC facility.
- Grist - Member of Roxxon's underground NYC facility security.
- Jake - A security guard at Roxxon's Denver division.
- Joe - A floating oil refinery worker.
- Juan - An executive assistant to Hale in Roxxon's San Francisco division.
- Ms. Loring - A scientist under Hale and participator in the Nuform project.
- Missy - A Roxxon agent.
- Patrick Nestor - Roxxon's company spokesman.
- Dr. Malachi Oz - A scientist.
- Riki - A boardroom chair at One Roxxon Plaza.
- Cindy Shelton - Roxxon's lead researcher.
- "Agger" - An assistant to Huck Petrie.
- Raymond Sikorski - A recruiter with Roxxon Blackridge.
- Miss Simpkins - A secretary at Hydropolis.
- Walter - An executive assistant to President Gamelin.
- Chief Wyngard - Roxxon's underground NYC facility supervisor.
- Alvie Walton - Member at Roxxon's Snow Valley service station.
- Ulik - Originally hired by Dario Agger to help level Broxton, hired to be a consultant on the "Inter-Realm Investment Division".
- Cary Albertson - A scientist on the bio-chip project at Roxxon's Sault Ste. Marie facility.
- Babs Bendix - A secretary.
- Blair - An agent of Roxxon.
- Kenneth H. Bradley - A covert operative and former Brand security member.
- Phillip Chambers - A Roxxon scientist.
- Abner Doolittle - An Nth Command scientist.
- Roberta "Bobbie" Haggert - A scientist on Roxxon's Omega-32 project. She was assassinated by Scourge.
- Seth Hanks - A child savant and unwilling employee of Roxxon.
- Paul Hazlett - A scientist.
- Kelly - A security guard at Roxxon's underground NYC facility.
- Lewis - A security guard at Roxxon's underground NYC facility.
- Alexander Lipton - A scientist. He was murdered.
- Mischa and Yuri - Roxxon's biochemists.
- Moyer - An agent of Roxxon.
- Duncan O'Neill - A mole within MI-5: British Secret Agent 003.
- Dr. Gerald Roth -
- Schroeder - A security guard at Roxxon's underground NYC facility.
- Steve - A security guard at Long Island Research Complex.
- Delphine Courtney - An assistant to Jerry Jaxon.
- Dogs of War - Agents of Simon Krueger who assisted in the attempted defamation of Tony Stark.
- Afghan -
- Bulldog -
- Doberman -
- Greyhound -
- Labrador -
- Mastiff -
- Rottweiler -
- Shepherd -
- Wolfhound -
- Jason Quartermaster - A superhuman scientist. He worked for Rand-Meachum and was a double agent for Roxxon. He was knocked into own universal solvent by Luke Cage.
- Saboteur - An armored agent. She acted as an agent of Republic Oil and Natural Gas in an attempt to sabotage Stark Industries but she was defeated by Iron Man. She would later be killed by Grim Reaper.
- Serpent Squad -
- Sandy Vincent (Stratosfire) - Roxxon's superhuman secretary. She was empowered in a similar manner to Sunturion but acted as a hero to improve Roxxon’s public image. She was killed by Sunturion activating Roxxon’s Zed Control Unit within her armour.
- Ogre, Razor Wire and Lightning Fist - 3 costumed operatives protecting the company's interests on the island nation of Taino in the Caribbean Sea. They are consumed and destroyed by a mutated zombie virus, and the airborne virus reconstructs their bodies into a skeletal being which is later destroyed by the Man-Thing.
- Thomas Agar - 
- Anton Aubuisson - 
- Fixer -
- Dr. Jonas Harrow - scientist at Rye Research Facility & Roxxon's underground NYC facility.
- Ivory -
- Mycroft - 
- Smokescream - 
- Spymaster I - He was hired by Roxxon to kill the Ghost but ended up being killed by Ghost. He later turned up alive.
- Jennifer Walters - An attorney.
- Ghost - He was hired to sabotage Acutech Research and Development, which was bought by Tony Stark. He has had many encounters with Iron Man.
- The Grapplers - They made an attempt to ransack Project Pegasus.
- Modular Man - A physicist at Roxxon's Brand Corporation.
- Nth Man - He was about to destroy what remained of the Project. He was also halted.
- Tarantula (Anton Miguel Rodriguez) - His transformation into a super-being went wrong after it was disturbed by Will o' the Wisp.
- Will o' the Wisp - He had his molecules torn apart after Brand's experiment went haywire and put together by Spider-Man and Dr. Marla Madison. He's still seeking revenge on Brand.
Roxxon exists in the Amalgam universe and is similar to the main Roxxon.
The Ultimate Marvel version of the Roxxon Corporation is also responsible for creating supervillains but its owner Donald Roxxon seems to have little idea what the company actually does. Targeted by superpowered mercenaries (Killer Shrike, Omega Red and the Spot), Donald hires Silver Sable to track down Spider-Man due to believing the hero knew who was responsible. He also wants to know why Spider-Man seemed to be looking out for Roxxon. In actuarially, Spider-Man had actually not been but a series of coincidences led to the appearance otherwise and it's a former employee responsible. Silver Sable captures and brings Spider-Man to Roxxon, unmasking and interrogating Spider-Man. Spider-Man escapes and ends up saving Roxxon from the Vulture (Blackie Drago). During this incident, a flashback reveals Roxxon is trying to run a decent company as best as he knows how, despite being almost in over his head.
During a confrontation between Spider-Man and the Shocker (Herman Schultz), it is revealed that Schultz was also a former employee of Roxxon Corporation until Roxxon got Schultz's design weapons before terminating his employment at the company, leading him to a life of crime. Schultz also stated that even if Spider-Man was able to bring down Roxxon, "two more would grow in its place" (a similar motto to the fictional terrorist organization HYDRA).
Following the events of Ultimate Enemy and Ultimate Mystery, Roxxon Corporation assembles a Roxxon Brain Trust consisting of Doctor Octopus, Dr. Arnim Zola III, Dr. Layla Miller, Misty Knight, Dr. Samuel Sterns and Dr. Nathaniel Essex.
The company's new owner Philip R. Roxxon has his company secretly assemble several teens to use as guinea pigs in their experiments to create super-soldiers (i.e. Spider-Woman (Jessica Drew), Bombshell (Lana Baumgartner and Lori Baumgartner) and Cloak & Dagger), restoring the Venom symbiote, and is indirectly responsible for the new Spider-Man.
In other media
- In the 1990s Iron Man cartoon series episode "Fire and Rain", Iron Man and War Machine try to take out Firebrand at a Roxxon Oil facility.
- In the Iron Man: Armored Adventures episode "Line of Fire", it is mentioned by Justin Hammer's Hammer Multinational company owns Roxxon Oil Refinery.
- Roxxon was featured in various television shows that take place in the Marvel Cinematic Universe:
- Roxxon has been alluded in Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.. In "Repairs", a Roxxon-branded gas station is briefly visible in the opening scene. It was destroyed by Tobias Ford when the owner threatened Hannah Hutchins (a StatiCorp safety inspector who was blamed for the explosion at StatiCorp's Particle Acceleration Complex that Tobias had caused). In "T.R.A.C.K.S.", Roxxon's Cybertek division is featured where the company supplied Ian Quinn the Project Deathlok leg to be placed on Mike Peterson. In "Ragtag", Roxxon subsidiaries (the Brand Corporation and the Metrobank) are name-dropped in the filing cabinets maintained by Cybertek through which Agent Phil Coulson is browsing. It was shown that Cybertek was behind Project Deathlok where John Garrett was classified in the Project Deathlok files as Subject 0. Coulson and Melinda May end up stealing the entire file cabinet filled with information on Project Deathlok. In "The Beginning of the End", the Cybertek Manufacturing Facility's director Kyle Zeller introduces a new employee to his job at the Cybertek systems showing him their control over the team of soldiers ready to take on Coulson’s team in Havana, Cuba. Following the Deathlok soldiers' defeat, Garrett and Hydra push ahead with their plans causing Coulson's team to storm the Cybertek Manufacturing Facility. While Coulson and Antoine Triplett fight the Deathlok soldiers in an armored truck, Skye and May infiltrate the Cybertek Manufacturing Facility and take Zeller hostage using the intended effect of which gives the super-soldiers new orders to abandon Coulson and protect Garrett. Skye later finds Hydra's hold on Kyle Zeller where there is a holding area where Hydra is holding Zeller's wife as well as Mike Peterson's son Ace whom Skye manages to free.
- Roxxon is also alluded in Agent Carter. In "Now Is Not the End", a refinery owned by Roxxon Oil Corporation is shown as the location a destructive chemical called Nitramene created by Howard Stark is being made by Leviathan servants in collaboration with Roxxon employee Miles Van Ert (James Urbaniak). Peggy Carter managed to infiltrate the building where she got her first hint about Leviathan from Leviathan operative Leet Brannis. The Roxxon Refinery was destroyed by the Nitramene's implosion where the vacuum that followed left the building, some vehicles, and parts of the road into a large ball. In "Bridge and Tunnel", Roxxon Oil Corporation's president Hugh Jones had a meeting with Deputy Director Roger Dooley and Agent Jack Thompson of the Strategic Scientific Reserve regarding the explosion. They concluded that whoever was responsible would emit Vita-Rays as Jones knew about the Nitramene formula through corporate espionage in Stark Industries. They scanned the Roxxon employees which led to the arrest of Van Ert after Peggy intercepted him during Dooley and Thompson's chase on him.
- In the Daredevil series, a flashback in "Nelson v. Murdock" shows that the company where Matt Murdock and Foggy Nelson had their internship represented Roxxon Oil Corporation.
- Roxxon appears in Avengers Assemble. In "Avengers Disassembled", Ultron controls a rebuilt Super-Adaptoid to attack Roxxon only to fight the Avengers. Ultron's real motive to attacking Roxxon was to get control of the Life Model Decoys that are acting as Captain America's drop team. In "Spectrums", Whirlwind plotted to rob a Roxxon laboratory before being stopped by Ant-Man.
- Roxxon was featured in the films that take place in the Marvel Cinematic Universe:
- The Roxxon logo appears briefly on a background building in the 2008 Iron Man film during Iron Man's climactic fight with Iron Monger.
- In Iron Man 2, one of the cars at the Monaco Grand Prix is sponsored by Roxxon and is presumably one of the cars destroyed by Ivan Vanko.
- A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to Thor's Hammer, a Marvel One-Shot from the Captain America: The First Avenger Blu-ray release, takes place at a Roxxon Gas Station with Phil Coulson in Nevada.
- Roxxon is featured in Iron Man 3. Roxxon's accountant Thomas Richards (Tom Virtue) is held captive by the Mandarin and is executed on a live broadcast. However, Richards was actually alive as it was a staged execution. The film's climax is also around an impounded Roxxon Norco tanker (responsible for an oil spill) to which Aldrich Killian held Matthew Ellis in the Iron Patriot armor for an execution around the Roxxon tanker before being stopped by Tony Stark and Colonel Rhodes.
- The Roxxon building appears in the background of the 2000 Spider-Man video game.
- The Roxxon building appears in Spider-Man: Web of Shadows. One of its buildings is shown to be near Stark Tower.
- The Roxxon Corporation appears in the Iron Man 2 video game. They are shown working with General Valentin Shatalov allied with Kearson DeWitt and A.I.M.
- The Roxxon Corporation is featured in the Earth-616 levels of Spider-Man: Shattered Dimensions. They are shown to own a quarry where Spider-Man fights the Sandman. A poster for Roxxon Energy Corporation is shown on a building near a construction site when Spider-Man fights the Juggernaut as well as Silver Sable's Wild Pack.
- The Roxxon Corporation is mentioned in Marvel: Avengers Alliance.
- The Ultimate version of Roxxon appear in Ultimate Spider-Man: Total Mayhem. The company had moles in the Triskelion which caused a super villain breakout by trying to fuse the Oz Serum with the Venom symbiote and released robots to protect citizens, but it is implied it was for other reasons.
- Roxxon Guards appear as playable characters in Lego Marvel Super Heroes. The Roxxon Power Station is shown to be on the shore of Manhattan that is near Liberty Island. The first part of the level "Taking Liberties" takes place in that Power Station.
- Sanderson, Peter (2007). The Marvel Comics Guide to New York City. New York City: Pocket Books. p. 7. ISBN 1-4165-3141-6.
- Secret Avengers #1
- Scarlet Spider vol. 2 #7 (July 2012)
- Amazing Adventures Vol. 2 #11
- Marvel Comics Presents #62
- Captain America Vol. 5 #9
- Captain America #289
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- Iron Man Annual #9
- Alpha Flight #12
- Iron Man #120
- Alpha Flight #87
- Savage She-Hulk #5
- Iron Man #220
- Howard the Duck Annual #1
- Thor - God of Thunder #19
- Deathlok #1
- Spider-Man/Punisher/Sabretooth: Designer Genes
- Captain America vol. 4 #18
- Captain America vol. 5 #18
- Web of Spider-Man #22
- Captain American '99
- Spider-Man Unlimited #22
- Alpha Flight #6
- Captain America #180
- Marvel Team-Up #87
- Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition #11
- Captain America '99
- Iron Man: The Iron Age #1
- Spider-Man Unlimited vol. 2 #16
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- Fantastic Four: Countdown to Chaos
- Captain America vol. 5 #50
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- Iron Man Annual #12
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- Generation X: Genogoths
- Thor - God of THunder #19 ; Thor #2
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- Iron Man: Steel Terror
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- Iron Man: The Iron Age #2
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- Ghost Rider #27
- Heroes for Hire vol. 3 #7
- Marvel Two-in-One #65
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- Marvel Zombies 4 #3
- Nick Fury: Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D. vol. 2 #33
- Dark Reign: New Nation one-shot
- Excalibur: Air Apparent #1
- Marvel Super-Heroes vol. 3 #3
- Amazing Adventures #13
- Iron Man #316
- Captain America Annual #8
- Spectacular Spider-Man #235
- JLX #1
- Spider-Man 2099 #1
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- Bendis, Brian Michael (w), Ultimate Spider-Man #122. Marvel Comics.
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- Bendis, Brian Michael (w), Ultimate Comics: Spider-Man #22. Marvel Comics.
- Bendis, Brian Michael (w), Ultimate Comics: Spider-Man #24. Marvel Comics.
- Roxxon at Marvel.com
- Roxxon Energy Corporation at Marvel Wiki
- Roxxon at the Appendix to the Handbook of the Marvel Universe