Roy C. Geary

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Dr. Robert (Roy) Charles Geary (April 11, 1896 – February 8, 1983) was an Irish statistician and founder of both the Central Statistics Office and the Economic and Social Research Institute. He held degrees from University College Dublin and the Sorbonne. He lectured in mathematics at University College Southampton (1922–23) and in applied economics at Cambridge University (1946–47). He was a statistician in the Department of Industry and Commerce between 1923 and 1957. He was the founding director of the Central Statistics Office (Ireland) (in 1949). He was head of the National Accounts Branch of the United Nations in New York from 1957 to 1960. He was the founding director of the Economic and Social Research Institute (in 1960) where he stayed till his retirement in 1966. He was an honorary fellow of the American Statistical Association and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics. In 1981, he won the Boyle Medal.[1]

Roy Geary is known for Geary's C, the Geary–Khamis dollar, the Stone–Geary utility function, and Geary's Theorem,[2] which has that if the sample mean is distributed independently of the sample variance, then the population is distributed normally.[3]


  1. ^ List of Boyle Medal Winners
  2. ^ Geary, R.C. (1936). "The Distribution of the "Student's" Ratio for the Non-Normal Samples". Supplement to the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society 3 (2): 178–184. doi:10.2307/2983669. JFM 63.1090.03. JSTOR 2983669. 
  3. ^ Laha, R.G. (1953). "On an Extension of Geary's Theorem". Biometrika 40 (1/2): 228–229. doi:10.1093/biomet/40.1-2.228. MR 60774. Zbl 0050.36207. 

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