Roy E. Ayers

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Roy Elmer Ayers
Roy E. Ayers.jpg
11th Governor of Montana
In office
January 4, 1937 – January 6, 1941
LieutenantHugh R. Adair
Preceded byElmer Holt
Succeeded bySam C. Ford
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Montana's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1937
Preceded byScott Leavitt
Succeeded byJames F. O'Connor
Personal details
Born(1882-11-09)November 9, 1882
Lewistown, Montana Territory
DiedMay 23, 1955(1955-05-23) (aged 72)
Lewistown, Montana
Political partyDemocratic
ProfessionLawyer, rancher

Roy Elmer Ayers (November 9, 1882 – May 23, 1955) was a U.S. Democratic politician. He served as a member of the United States House of Representatives and as the 11th Governor of Montana. He was the first governor of Montana to be born in what would become the state of Montana.[1]


Ayers was born on a ranch near Lewistown in the Territory of Montana, and attended the rural schools in the area. He attended Lewistown High School and graduated from the law department of Valparaiso University in 1903.[2] He was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Lewistown, He also became engaged in ranching and the raising of livestock. On June 7, 1905, he married Ellen Simpson and the couple had three children.[3]


Ayers served as attorney of Fergus County, Montana from 1905 to 1909, and Judge of the Tenth Judicial District of Montana from 1913 to 1921. During the First World War, Ayers served as chairman of the Fergus County Exemption Board.[4] He was the Justice of the State supreme court from January 1922 until his resignation on November 22, 1922, when he resumed ranching and the private practice of law in Lewistown. In 1924, he ran for Governor of Montana, but lost in the Democratic primary to John E. Erickson, who would later go on to win the general election. Ayers challenged him in the primary again in 1928, and was defeated by less than a thousand votes by Erickson, who again won the general election.

In 1932, Ayers was elected to the United States House of Representatives from Montana's 2nd congressional district, defeating Republican Congressman Scott Leavitt. He was re-elected over Republican nominee Stanley Felt in 1934 in a landslide.

Rather than seek re-election to a third term, Ayers opted to run for governor in 1936, and narrowly defeated incumbent governor Elmer Holt in the Democratic primary. In the general election, he barely defeated former Lieutenant Governor of Montana Frank Hazelbaker, the Republican nominee. During his administration, he oversaw the expansion of the state bureaucracy, signed a bill to give the governor new powers in directing state government, the state deficit was eliminated, and state bond interests were lowered.[2] In 1940, Dr. J.C. Dunn, superintendent of Warm Springs State Hospital (now Montana State Hospital) and longtime campaign supporter of Ayers' testified before a select committee hearing by the Montana Senate about the misappropriation of foodstuffs from both the hospital and state liquor warehouse by Governor Ayers. Dunn testified that he was told to supply the governor's mansion with food from Warm Springs, bringing produce meant for the hospital to Ayers' home on several occasions. On one occasion, Dunn noted, supplies brought to the Ayers' home were estimated to be "...a hundred pounds of sugar, about two cases of canned goods, fifteen pounds of butter, fifty to seventy-five pounds of meat..." Dunn additionally noted that both Ayers and himself took liquor from the state liquor warehouse without paying on several occasions.[5] When he ran for re-election in 1940, he only won the Democratic primary with a thin plurality, and was defeated in the general election by Sam C. Ford, a former Montana Supreme Court Associate Justice. He ran in the Democratic primary to challenge Ford in 1944, but came in third behind Leif Erickson and Austin B. Middleton.

He was a delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1920 and 1940, and to every State Democratic Convention from 1906 to 1940.


After ending his political career, Ayers returned to ranching. He died in Lewistown, Montana, and was interred at the Lewistown City Cemetery in 1955.


  1. ^ "Former Governors of Montana". Retrieved October 9, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Montana Governor Roy Elmer Ayers". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on January 13, 2013. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
  3. ^ "Roy E. Ayers". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
  4. ^ "Roy E. Ayers". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
  5. ^ Dunn, John (July 3, 1940). "Testimony of Dr. J.C. Dunn Before the Select Committee of the Senate, Appointed by the 26th Legislative Assembly to Investigate the Montana Liquor Control Board". The People's Voice. Retrieved July 11, 2021.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by Democratic nominee for Governor of Montana
1936, 1940
Succeeded by
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by United States Representative for the 2nd Congressional District of Montana
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Governor of Montana
1937 – 1941
Succeeded by