Roy M. Furmark (28 September 1931 - 4 January 2001) was a New York businessman who played a role in the Iran-Contra affair in a number of ways, including acting as a link between CIA Director William Casey and Saudi billionaire Adnan Khashoggi, who financed the arms deal at the center of the affair. In 1986 the Los Angeles Times reported that Furmark had known Casey and Khashoggi for about 20 years.
Background and early career
Furmark was born in Brooklyn, graduated from Pace College with a degree in accounting, and after working at a number of accounting firms started a private practice in 1964. He began working with John Shaheen in 1966, who would later introduce him to William Casey. In the 1970s Furmark was vice-chairman of the board of the Newfoundland Refining Co., a Canadian venture (which built the Come By Chance Refinery) which Shaheen had been involved in. When the venture collapsed (at the time of its bankruptcy in 1976, it was Canada's largest bankruptcy), Furmark was one of those sued by creditors; the defendants eventually settled out of court in 1982.
Furmark was a business associate of the Iranian Cyrus Hashemi, and in March 1980 introduced William Casey to Cyrus' brother Jamshid Hashemi in the context of the Hashemis' efforts to support US-Iranian negotiations over the Iran hostage crisis. A business partner of Cyrus Hashemi's, John Shaheen, was a former boss of Furmark's.
Furmark was an associate of Saudi billionaire Adnan Khashoggi, and had been an investor in a Panamanian company, Bayway, which Khashoggi and Hashemi had been partners in. Furmark also received a 10% stake in the World Trade Group for setting up with Khashoggi and Hashemi the planned venture (it never completed any deals) to trade various goods with Iran. In June 1985 Furmark introduced Khashoggi to Manucher Ghorbanifar, after which Khashoggi abandoned Hashemi and worked with Ghorbanifar to arrange the arms deals, and Hashemi became a US Customs informant, leading to the Brokers of Death arms case snaring several Khashoggi business associates.
On 7 October 1986 Furmark told CIA Director William Casey of the diversion of funds from arms sales to Iran, a month before the affair became public. Furmark, testifying to the Congressional Committees Investigating The Iran-Contra Affair in December 1986, said that Canadian investors in the Iranian arms deal were threatening to take legal action, which would expose the arrangement, although he later said that Khashoggi had misled him and it appeared that the money had come from a Cayman Islands bank, which was threatening to sue Khashoggi.
- genealogybank.com, Roy M. Furmark: Social Security Death Index (SSDI) Death Record
- William C. Rempel, Los Angeles Times, 18 December 1986, Days of Meetings Brought Arms Sellers Together
- Bob Drogin, Los Angeles Times, 17 December 1986, Warned Casey 3 Times on Iran Funds, Furmark Says : Businessman Claims He Got Middlemen Together
- Bob Drogin and William C. Rempel, Los Angeles Times, 12 December 1986, Shadowy N.Y. Businessman : Furmark Had Roles in Big Bankruptcy, Iran Ventures
- Joseph and Susan Trento, Public Education Center, 1 August 2009, The United States and Iran: The Secret History Part IV: Failure and Fate: A Failed Rescue and Iranian Double Dealing
- Lawrence Walsh, Final Report of the Independent Counsel for Iran/Contra Matters, Chapter 8: The Enterprise and Its Finances , April 1993
- William C. Rempel, Los Angeles Times, 6 January 1987, Casey Reportedly Knew of Iran Arms Deals in Early '85
- Orlando Sentinel, 12 December 1986, Key Witness Casts Doubt On Casey
- Report of the Congressional Committees Investigating The Iran-Contra Affair, Washington, 1987
- Bob Drogin and Kenneth Freed, Los Angeles Times, 20 December 1986, Heads Little-Known Affiliate of Contra-Aid Group : Ex-Canadian Lawmaker's Arms Actions Probed
- Associated Press, New York Times, 4 December 1990, Sentencing in Ashland Case
- John T. McQuiston, New York Times, 13 September 1988, U.S. Unseals Complaints In Ashland Papers Case