Gaines in 1977
|Birth name||Roy James Gaines|
|Born||August 12, 1934|
Waskom, Texas, United States
|Genres||Texas blues, electric blues, East Coast blues|
|Associated acts||T-Bone Walker, Roy Milton, Chuck Willis, Grady Gaines, Ray Charles|
Roy James Gaines (born August 12, 1934 or 1937) is an American Texas blues and electric blues guitarist, singer and songwriter. He wrote and recorded the song "A Hell of a Night", which was first issued on his 1982 album Gainelining.
Gaines was born in Waskom, Texas, and relocated with his family to Houston when he was six years old. Originally a piano devotee, Gaines moved to playing the guitar in his adolescence. In his teens he was acquainted with another budding guitarist, Johnny Copeland. By the age of 14 he had performed onstage backing his hero, T-Bone Walker, and played in Houston nightclubs. He later moved to Los Angeles, California. In 1955, Gaines played as a backing musician on recordings by Bobby Bland, Junior Parker and Big Mama Thornton. He later backed Roy Milton and then Chuck Willis, and he worked again with Walker.
He released two low-key albums in 1956 and a couple more in the 1960s for small record companies. In 1966, Gaines became part of Ray Charles's backing band. He was also a backing musician in sessions with the Everly Brothers, the Supremes, Bobby Darin, Stevie Wonder, and Gladys Knight.
He worked primarily as a sideman, but he released a solo album, Gainelining, in 1982. He also had a small part in the 1985 film The Color Purple. Another album, New Frontier Lover, was released in 2000. It was followed by Tuxedo Blues, featuring a big band billed as Roy Gaines & His Orchestra, released in 2009. The album includes the song "Miss Celie's Blues (Sister)," which Gaines had performed in The Color Purple. Also included is a cover of Michael Jackson's "Rock with You."
Gaines co-wrote the song "No Use Crying", which was recorded by George Jones and Ray Charles.
|1996||Lucille Work for Me||Black Gold|
|1998||Bluesman for Life||JSP|
|1999||I Got the T-Bone Walker Blues||Groove Note|
|2000||New Frontier Lover||Severn|
|2002||Superman||Black & Blue|
|2002||In the House: Live at Lucerne, Vol. 4||CrossCut (Germany)|
|2004||The First TB Album||Delta Groove|
|2005||Rock-A-Billy Boogie Woogie Blues Man||Black Gold|
|2005||Going Home to See Mama||Black Gold|
|2009||Tuxedo Blues||Black Gold|
With the Jazz Crusaders
- Freedom Sound (Pacific Jazz, 1961)
With Les McCann
- Another Beginning (Atlantic, 1974)
- Ankeny, Jason. "Roy Gaines". Allmusic.com. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- "Roy Gaines: Biography". Oldies.com. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues: A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger. p. 316. ISBN 978-0313344237.
- Du Noyer, Paul (2003). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music. Fulham, London: Flame Tree Publishing. p. 180. ISBN 1-904041-96-5.
- Govenar, Alan B. (2008). Texas Blues: The Rise of a Contemporary Sound. College Station: Texas A&M University Press. p. 297. ISBN 978-1-58544-605-6.
- Herzhaft, Gérard; et al. (1997). Encyclopedia of the Blues. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press. p. 90. ISBN 1-55728-452-0.
- "Roy Gaines: Discography". AllMusic.com. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
- Roy Gaines Interview NAMM Oral History Library (2017)