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Roy Wallis

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Roy Wallis (1945-1990[1]) was a sociologist and Dean of the Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences at the Queen's University Belfast. He is mostly known for his creation of the seven signs that differentiate a religious congregation from a sectarian church, which he created while researching the Church of Scientology. He introduced the distinction between world-affirming and world-rejecting new religious movements.[2]

After publishing his book The Road to Total Freedom (1976), an in-depth analysis of the sociology of Scientology, he was harassed by the church both legally and personally.[3][4] Forged letters, apparently from Wallis, were sent to his colleagues implicating him in various scandalous activities.[5]


  • Roy Wallis (1975) Sectarianism: Analyses of Religious and Non-Religious Sects, London: Peter Owen & New York: John Wiley, ISBN 0470919108
  • Roy Wallis (1976) The Road to Total Freedom: A Sociological Analysis of Scientology, London: Heinemann. ISBN 0-435-82916-5. US edition published 1977 by Columbia University Press, ISBN 0-231-04200-0
  • Roy Wallis and Peter Morley (1976) Marginal Medicine, New York: Free Press, ISBN 0029337402
  • Roy Wallis and Peter Morley (1978) Culture and Curing: Anthropological Perspectives on Traditional Medical Beliefs and Practices, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, & London: Peter Owen, ISBN 0822953250
  • Roy Wallis (1979) On the Margins of Science: the Social Construction of Rejected Knowledge, Keele: University of Keele Press, ISBN 0904425061
  • Roy Wallis (1979) Salvation and Protest: Studies of Social and Religious Movements, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0312698348
  • Roy Wallis (1984) The Elementary Forms of the New Religious Life, London and Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul, ISBN 0-7100-9890-1


  1. ^ Content Pages of the Encyclopedia of Religion and Social Science
  2. ^ Bromley, David NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS in the Encyclopedia of Religion and Society edited by William H. Swatos, Jr. Editor [1]
  3. ^ Roy Wallis's The Road to Total Freedom, page 218-219
  4. ^ Roy Wallis (1977) "The Moral Career of the Research Project" in Colin Bell and Howard Newby (Eds) Doing Sociological Research London: Allen and Unwin. ISBN 0-02-902350-5
  5. ^ Stewart Lamont (1986) Religion Inc.: The Church of Scientology London: Harrap. ISBN 0-245-54334-1. page 87

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