Roy Yorke Calne

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Sir Roy Yorke Calne
Sir Roy Caine bronze bust by Laurence Broderick.jpg
A bronze bust of Calne by sculptor Laurence Broderick, outside the main operating theatres at Addenbrooke's Hospital
Born (1930-12-30) 30 December 1930 (age 89)
EducationLancing College
Guy's Hospital Medical School
Years active1959–present
Medical career
Sub-specialtiesOrgan transplantation
AwardsErnst Jung Prize (1992)
Prince Mahidol Award (2002)
Pride of Britain Lifetime Achievement Award (2014)

Sir Roy Yorke Calne, FRCP, FRCS, FRS (born 30 December 1930) is a British surgeon and pioneer in organ transplantation.


His most notable achievements are the world's first liver, heart, and lung transplant in 1987; the first successful combined stomach, intestine, pancreas, liver, and kidney cluster transplant in 1994, the first liver transplantation operation in Europe in 1968, and the first intestinal transplant in the UK in 1992.[1]

Calne is a fellow of the Royal Society and was Professor of Surgery at Cambridge University between 1965 and 1998 where he initiated the kidney transplant program.[2] He was Harkness Fellow at Harvard Medical School from 1960 to 1961.[3] Much of his subsequent work has been concerned with the improvement of immunosuppression techniques aimed at prolonging the life of liver transplant recipients. He is currently the Yoah Ghim Professor of Surgery at the National University of Singapore.

He was elected to the Royal Society in 1974. He was awarded the 1984 Lister Medal for his contributions to surgical science.[4] The corresponding Lister Oration, given at the Royal College of Surgeons of England, was delivered on 21 May 1985, and was titled 'Organ transplantation: from laboratory to clinic'.[5] He was knighted as Knight Bachelor, in 1986. In 1990 he received the Ellison-Cliffe Medal from the Royal Society of Medicine. His portrait, commissioned by the National Portrait Gallery, was painted by John Bellany in 1991. In 2012, Calne shared the prestigious Lasker Award (Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award) with Dr. Thomas Starzl 'for the development of liver transplantation, which has restored normal life to thousands of patients with end-stage liver disease.'[6]

Calne is a Distinguished Supporter of Humanists UK[7] and he is an Honorary Vice-President of the Cambridge University Lawn Tennis Club.


Calne is an artist, and is a member of the art group Group 90 in Singapore.

He is represented by Shalini Ganendra Fine Art, which introduced his works to South East Asia. The gallery has the largest collection of Calne's works, ranging from works on paper, board, canvas and sculpture.[8]


  • Ellis, Harold, 1926–, Calne, Roy Y. (Roy Yorke), Sir, 1930– and Christopher Watson (2011) Lecture notes on general surgery (Twelfth edition). Oxford : Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-4443-3440-1.
  • Calne, Roy Y. (Roy Yorke), Sir, 1930– (1970) A Gift of Life: Observations on Organ Transplantation. New York : Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-02675-3, ISBN 978-0-465-02675-3
  • Calne, Roy Y. (Roy Yorke), Sir, 1930– (1996) Art, Surgery and Transplantation. London : Williams & Wilkins Europe. ISBN 0-683-23094-8, ISBN 978-0-683-23094-9


  1. ^ Amirani, Amir (May 1995). "Sir Roy Calne Pursues Higher Tolerance in Transplantatione". Science Watch. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
  2. ^ "Sir Roy Calne to give Strauss Lecture". University Week. 15 (35). 20 August 1998. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
  3. ^ "Shalini Ganendra Fine Art – the Private Gallery".
  4. ^ Lister Medal, 1984, Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1984 July; 66(4): supplement: College and Faculty Bulletin, page 7.
  5. ^ Calne, R. Y. (1985). "Organ transplantation: From laboratory to clinic". British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Ed.). 291 (6511): 1751–1754. PMC 1419189. PMID 3936570.
  6. ^ "Fundamental biomolecular techniques".
  7. ^ British Humanist Association Distinguished Supporters of Humanism list Archived 29 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ [1][Shalini Ganendra Fine Art]

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