Royal Agricultural University

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Royal Agricultural University
The Royal Agricultural University.png
MottoLatin: Arvorum Cultus Pecorumque;
(from Virgil's Georgics)
"Caring for the Fields
and the Beasts"
Established2013 - University status
1845; 177 years ago (1845) – College
PresidentKing Charles
Vice-ChancellorPeter McCaffery
Students1,125 (2019/20)[1]
Undergraduates1,015 (2019/20)[1]
Postgraduates110 (2019/20)[1]
51°32′35″N 1°59′42″W / 51.54306°N 1.99500°W / 51.54306; -1.99500Coordinates: 51°32′35″N 1°59′42″W / 51.54306°N 1.99500°W / 51.54306; -1.99500
Chair of Governing CouncilDame Fiona Reynolds
Royal Agricultural University logo
National rankings
Complete (2023)[2]123

The Royal Agricultural University (RAU), formerly the Royal Agricultural College, is a university in Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England. Established in 1845,[3] it was the first agricultural college in the English-speaking world.[4] The university provides more than 30 land-based undergraduate and postgraduate programmes to students from over 45 countries through the School of Agriculture, the School of Business and Entrepreneurship, the School of Equine and the School of Real Estate and Land Management.


The Royal Agricultural University was founded as the Royal Agricultural College in 1842,[5] at a meeting of the Fairford and Cirencester Farmers’ Club. Concerned by the lack of government support for education, Robert Jeffreys-Brown addressed the meeting on "The Advantages of a Specific Education for Agricultural Pursuits".[6] A prospectus was circulated, a general committee was appointed and Henry Bathurst, 4th Earl Bathurst was elected president. Funds were raised by public subscription: much of the support came from the wealthy landowners and farmers of the day, and there was no government support. Construction of the main building, in Victorian Tudor style, began in April 1845 and was designed by S. W. Daukes and John R. Hamilton, and built by Thomas Bridges of Cirencester.[7] The first 25 students were admitted to the college in September 1845.

Queen Victoria granted a royal charter to the college in 1845 and sovereigns have been patrons ever since, visiting the college in every reign. Prince Charles became president in 1982.

The college gained full university status in 2013 and changed its name accordingly.[8] It had 1,125 students in the 2019/20 academic year[1] and saw a 49% rise in applications between 2008 and 2013.[9] The Royal Agricultural University was named the safest university in the South West in 2013,[10] and is ranked top in the UK for spending on facilities.[11]


The university operates two farms close to the campus:

  • Coates Manor Farm is predominantly arable cropped with some pasture land.
  • Fossehill Farm provides polo and hunter livery stabling and associated exercise facilities.

Harnhill Manor Farm was purchased in 2009 and with Coates Manor Farm totals[12] 491 hectares (1223 acres) of land. The farm was managed organically for many years but all the land apart from the outdoor-pig unit was taken out of organic management. In 2011, an old sheep shed at the front of the farm complex was turned into the 'John Oldacre Rural Innovation Centre' a building designed for the training of students and members of the public in vocational skills such as rough-terrain forklift truck driving, blacksmithing, chainsaw and welding course, etc. The building cost £1.2 Million to transform.[13] The JORIC was officially opened in March 2014 by Sir John Beddington and the site was visited in November 2013 by Prince Charles.


The university has a range of sports facilities on campus, including a gym, an all-weather pitch, and squash and tennis courts. Students participate in a wide range of sports including; clay pigeon shooting, cricket, equestrian, field sports (hunting, fishing and shooting), football, golf, lacrosse, hockey, netball, polo, rugby, rifle shooting, rowing, tennis and yachting.[14]

The Royal Agricultural University is just one of three remaining British universities (the others being the University of Cambridge and the University of Oxford) to maintain their own beagle pack. Founded in 1889, the RAC Beagles is run by the students who whip in and hunt the hounds, and until the 2004 hunting ban, hunted hares in the countryside around Cirencester.[15]

The university competes in the BUCS League.[16]


In the REF 2014, the university came 29th and last in the UK for Agriculture.[17] Some of the staff have been evaluated in the Research Assessment Exercise which recognised the importance of their research at national and, to a lesser extent, international levels.[18]


The university library holds around 40,000 print volumes, nearly 1,000 current journal subscriptions, more than 40,000 e-books and a growing number of full-text databases.[19] The main collection is supplemented by a support collection and a historical collection of texts, primarily on agriculture and estate/land management, dating back to the 16th century. The library also holds the RAU archive, a collection of documents relating to the institution since its foundation.


The patron of RAU was until 1982 the current reigning British monarch, at which point Prince Charles, the heir apparent to the British throne, took on this role.[20]

Notable people[edit]


  • James Buckman – professor of geology, botany, and zoology from 1848 to 1863.
  • John D. Custance – professor of agricultural science in the late 1870s, later was responsible for establishing Roseworthy Agricultural College in South Australia.[21]
  • John Scott, on the staff shortly from 1880, later became known as a tractor pioneer.
  • Sir Emrys Jones, former chief adviser to the Minister of Agriculture from 1967 to 1973, and director of the Government's Agricultural and Development Advisory Service (ADAS), was principal of the college from 1973 until 1978. He described his time at Cirencester as the most enjoyable period in his life.[22] In 2011, a new teaching facility at the college was named in his honour.[23] For university applicants with a connection to Wales, a scholarship has been set up that carries the former principal's name.[24]
  • Edward William Prevost, Professor of Chemistry 1879 to 1881 then retired to be a farmer
  • George Stephen West (1876–1919), professor of natural history 1899–1906
  • John Wrightson (1840–1916), founder of Downton Agricultural College


Royal Agricultural University graduates have won a number of awards and prizes, including the Farmers Weekly Young Farmer Of The Year Award (James Price 2009[25] and Adrian Ivory 2008[26]).

Notable students from the institution include:

Arts and Media






  1. ^ a b c d "Where do HE students study?". Higher Education Statistics Agency. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Complete University Guide 2023". The Complete University Guide. 5 July 2022.
  3. ^ The Times Friday, 15 August 1845; pg. 6; Issue 19003; col D
  4. ^ RAU - History & Heritage Archived 17 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 14 November 2015.
  5. ^ The American Journal of Education, Volume 22, Henry Barnard, F.C. Brownell, 1871
  6. ^ The History of the Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester Roger Sayce, p.1
  7. ^ Historic England. "Royal Agricultural College - Cirencester (1187418)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  8. ^ "BBC News – "New" Universities Set to Be Created in England". BBC News. Archived from the original on 17 October 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  9. ^ "RAU welcomes more students as UCAS applications hit record high". 20 December 2013. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  10. ^ "The Complete University Guide Reveals Best, Worst Universities for Student-Related Crimes in South West". Archived from the original on 28 December 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  11. ^ "Top UK University League Tables and Rankings 2015". Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  12. ^
  13. ^ "RAU – John Oldacre Rural Innovation Centre". Archived from the original on 26 December 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  14. ^ "RAU – Sports and Clubs". Archived from the original on 21 November 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  15. ^ "RAU website". Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2013.
  16. ^ "BUCScore – Royal Agricultural University Profile". BUCS. Archived from the original on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  17. ^ "Research Excellence Framework 2014" (PDF). Times Higher Education. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 July 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  18. ^ "Research". Royal Agricultural University. Archived from the original on 5 June 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  19. ^ "Library". Royal Agricultural University. Archived from the original on 12 January 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  20. ^ "Why RAU?". Royal Agricultural University. Archived from the original on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  21. ^ "The Government Model Farm". Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904). SA: National Library of Australia. 5 August 1882. p. 9. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  22. ^ "Sir Emrys Jones". 14 July 2000. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  23. ^ "RAU – Buildings". Archived from the original on 10 January 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  24. ^ "RAU – Sir Emrys Jones Memorial Trust Scholarships". Archived from the original on 9 May 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  25. ^ "FW Awards 2009 winner: Young Farmer of the Year – James Price – Farmers Weekly". Farmers Weekly. Archived from the original on 2 April 2010. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  26. ^ "Adrian Ivory crowned Farmers Weekly Farmer of the Year". Farmers Weekly. Archived from the original on 13 November 2010. Retrieved 3 January 2015.

External links[edit]