Royal Air Force of Oman
|Royal Air Force of Oman
سلاح الجو السلطاني العماني
Royal Air Force of Oman emblem
|Founded||Since March 1959|
|Commander of the RAFO||Air Vice-Marshal Matar bin Ali Al Obaidani|
|Fighter||Lockheed Martin F-16C/D Fighting Falcon / BAe Hawk 203|
|Trainer||BAe Hawk 103, Pilatus PC-9M, PAC Super MFI-17 Mushshak|
|Transport||Airbus A320CJ, Lockheed C-130 Hercules, Dornier Do 228-100|
The Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO — سلاح الجو السلطاني عمان - Silāḥ al-Jaww as-Sulṭāniy ‘Umān) is the air arm of the Armed Forces of Oman
Sultan of Oman's Air Force era
The Sultan of Oman's Air Force (SOAF) was formed with British personnel and aircraft in March 1959. The first aircraft were two Scottish Aviation Pioneers transferred from the Royal Air Force. The first armed aircraft was the Percival Provost T52.
In 1968 the SOAF received the first of 24 BAC Strikemaster jet trainer and light strike aircraft for operation against insurgents in the Dhofar region. In 1974 the SOAF was expanded with orders for the Britten Norman Defender, BAC One-Eleven, BAC VC10 and 32 Hawker Hunter ground attack aircraft. In 1977 Jaguar International joined the SOAF, followed in the 1980s by the BAe Hawk.
Royal Air Force of Oman era
In 1990 the SOAF was renamed the Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO). In 1993 and 1994 the RAFO replaced its Hawker Hunters with four BAE Hawk Mk 103 fighter-trainers and 12 single-seat Hawk Mk 203, equipped with Westinghouse APG-66H radar, as light ground attack/interceptors. In September 1997 after the evaluation of new combat aircraft the RAFO decided to upgrade and extend the service lives of its remaining 17 SEPECAT Jaguar ground attack fighters until the second decade of the 21st century. A contract was placed with the United Kingdom Ministry of Defence to upgrade the avionics of the Jaguar aircraft for $40 million. In 2005 deliveries started of the F-16, equipped with improved GPS/INS. The aircraft can carry a further batch of advanced missiles; the AGM-88 HARM missile, JDAM, JSOW and WCMD. Block 50 aircraft are powered by the F110-GE-129 while the Block 52 jets use the F100-PW-229.
On 3 August 2010 the USA Defense Security Cooperation Agency notified the Congress of a possible sale of 18 F-16 Block 50/52 to Oman in a contract worth 3.5 Billion USD. In addition to the new fighters, the contract included upgrading existing 12 F-16 C/D in the RAFO inventory. On 14 December 2011 it was announced that Oman had agreed to buy an additional 12 F-16C/D Block 50s to join the 12 F-16s C/Ds already in service.
Oman was considering the purchase of either Eurofighter Typhoon or JAS 39 Gripen aircraft, but on the 21st of December 2012 a £2.5 billion deal was signed in Muscat to supply RAFO with 12 Eurofighter Typhoon fighter jets and 8 BAE Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer aircraft, the delivery should start by 2017.
|Installation||Unit with aircraft type||Notes|
|RAFO Adam||Eurofighter Typhoon||Air base is currently being built.|
|RAFO Khasab||No. 14 Squadron (det) with NH90-TTH|
|RAFO Musannah||No. 14 Squadron (det) with NH90-TTH|
|No. 15 Squadron with NH90-TTH & Super Lynx Mk.120|
|RAFO Masirah||No. 1 Squadron with Super Mushshak & PC-9(M)|
|No. 6 Squadron with Hawk 103, Hawk 103A & Hawk 203|
|No. 15 Squadron (det) with Super Lynx Mk.120|
|RAFO Muscat||No. 2 Squadron with SC7-3M-4022 Seavan||Air base co-located within Muscat International Airport.|
|No. 4 Squadron with A320-214CJ|
|No. 14 Squadron with NH90-TTH & SA330J|
|No. 16 Squadron with C-130H & C-130J|
|RAFO Salalah||No. 3 Squadron with NH90-TTH, Bell 206B & Super Lynx Mk.120|
|No. 5 Squadron with C295M|
|RAFO Thumrait||No. 18 Squadron with F-16C-50-CF & F-16D-50-CF||Squadron expected to move to RAFO Musannah soon.|
|No. 20 Squadron with F-16C-50-CF & F-16D-50-CF|
- 24 SEPECAT Jaguar S/B 
- 33 Hawker Hunter FGA.73\73A\73B, FR.10, T.66
- 4 Douglas C-47 Dakota
- 5 de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver
- 6 de Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou
- 4 de Havilland Canada DHC-5D Buffalo
- 7 Vickers Viscount
- 9 Percival Provost Mk 52
- 4 Westland Wessex HC.2
- 25 BAC 167 Strikemaster Mk 82\82A
- 2 Pilatus PC-6 Porter
- 4 FFA AS-202 Bravo
- 4 Scottish Aviation Pioneer
- 8 Britten-Norman BN-2 Islander
- 3 BAe BAC-1-11
- 2 Scheibe Super-Falke
- 3 Agusta-Bell AB212 Twin Huey
- "Royal Air Force of Oman". Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- Hoyle, Craig. "Omani F-16 deal means continued wait for Eurofighter." Flight International via flightglobal.com, 14 December 2011. Retrieved: 18 December 2011.
- Royal Air Force of Oman, JAS 39 Gripen and Eurofighter Typhoon. Tactical Report (2010-06-03). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- BBC News - BAE Systems wins £2.5bn Oman Hawk and Typhoon contract. Bbc.co.uk (2012-12-21). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- "World Air Forces 2015 pg. 24". Flightglobal Insight. 2015. Retrieved 10 October 2015.
- "Royal Air Force of Oman orders two Airbus A320 Corporate Jets". airbus.com. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
- "Oman gets ready to induct C-130J". arabianaerospace.aero. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
- Oman retires last Jaguar strike aircraft - Flightglobal.com, 12 August 2014
- "RAFO retires Jaguar aircraft after 37 years in service". Muscat Daily News. 23 October 2014.
- "Aeroflight » Oman. Air Force". aeroflight.co.uk.
- "The Evolution of Oman's Royal Air Force". rafmuseum.org.uk.
- The Sultan’s Armed Forces mentioning the Royal Air Force of Oman
- World aircraft information files Brightstar publishing File 330 Sheet 1