Royal Almonry

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The Royal Almonry is a small office within the Royal Households of the United Kingdom, headed by the Lord High Almoner, an office dating from 1103. The almoner is responsible for distributing alms to the poor.

The Lord High Almoner is usually a diocesan bishop or high cleric of the Church of England. The current holder of the office is the Bishop of Worcester, the Right Reverend John Inge.[1] There is also an hereditary Grand Almoner, an office dating from 1685 and vested in the person of the Marquess of Exeter, but this is not an office of the Royal Almonry and he has no role to play. The actual work of the office is undertaken by the Sub-Almoner, who is also the Deputy Clerk of the Closet of the Ecclesiastical Household, Sub-dean of the Chapel Royal, and Domestic Chaplain at Buckingham Palace.

There are in addition a Secretary, and Assistant Secretary, both offices of which are shared with other Royal Household appointments. There are also half a dozen wandsmen.

The Almonry is responsible to the Keeper of the Privy Purse for the arrangements for the annual Maundy service.

Lord High Almoners[edit]

Henry III (1216)
  • John Leukenor, Knight Templar [2]
  • 1233: Brother John and Brother Geoffrey (to 1239) [3]
  • 1255–unknown: Simon of Offam [2]
  • 1256–unknown: John of Colchester [2]
  • 1257: John the Chaplain[4]
Edward I (1272)
  • Friar Ralph [2]
  • c.1280–1307: Master Henry of Blunsdon [2]
Edward II (1307)
Edward III (1327)
Richard II (1377)
  • 1383: William Walsham [6]
Henry IV (1399)
Henry V (1413)
Henry VI (1422)
Edward IV (1461)
Richard III (1483)
  • 1483-1485 John Taillour [12]
Henry VII (1485)
Henry VIII (1509); Edward VI (1547); Mary I (1553)
Elizabeth I (1558)
James I (1603)
Charles I (1625)
Commonwealth (1649-1660)
Charles II (1660)
James II (1685)
William III (1689); Anne (1702)
George I (1714); George II (1727)
George III (1760); George IV (1820); William IV (1830); Victoria (1837)
Edward VII (1901); George V (1910)
Edward VIII (1936); George VI (1936); Elizabeth II (1952)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "No. 60427". The London Gazette. 20 February 2013. p. 3313. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "The Pious Practices of Edward I, 1272-1307" (PDF). Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  3. ^ Devon, Frederick. Issues of the Exchequer. p. 514. 
  4. ^ Devon, Frederick. Issues of the Exchequer. p. 32. 
  5. ^ "CHAPTERS IN THE ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY OF MEDIAEVAL ENGLAND" (PDF). Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  6. ^ Devon, Frederick. Issues of the Exchequer. p. 223. 
  7. ^ Devon, Frederick. Issues of the Exchequer. p. 276. 
  8. ^ a b Belle Assemblée: Or, Court and Fashionable Magazine; Containing ..., Volume 3. p. 141. 
  9. ^ Devon, Frederick. Issues of the Exchequer. p. 406. 
  10. ^ a b Wolffe, Bertram. Henry VI. page=67}}
  11. ^ Griffiths, Ralph. The Reign of King Henry VI: The Exercise of Royal Authority, 1422-1461. p. 302. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f Myers, Alec. The Household of Edward IV. p. 292. 
  13. ^ "History of St Bride's: Clergy and parishioners in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries". British History Online. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  14. ^ Thompson, Benjamin. Political Society in Later Medieval England. p. 226. 
  15. ^ Athenæ Oxonienses an Exact History of All the Writers and Bishops ..., Volume 1. p. 559. 
  16. ^ Starkey, D (2008) Henry: Virtuous Prince, page 365
  17. ^ "The Dignity and Honour of the Clergy; in an Historical Collection". p. 390. 
  18. ^ Athenæ Oxonienses an Exact History of All the Writers and Bishops ..., Volume 1. p. 575. 
  19. ^ a b c d Chronica juridicialia
  20. ^ "No. 5638". The London Gazette. 29 April 1718. p. 2. 
  21. ^ "No. 6214". The London Gazette. 5 November 1723. p. 1. 
  22. ^ "No. 20797". The London Gazette. 23 November 1847. p. 4255. 
  23. ^ "No. 23620". The London Gazette. 31 May 1870. p. 2787. 
  24. ^ "No. 25168". The London Gazette. 17 November 1882. p. 5106. 
  25. ^ "No. 27914". The London Gazette. 18 May 1906. p. 3464. 
  26. ^ "No. 33978". The London Gazette. 15 September 1933. p. 6011. 
  27. ^ "No. 37516". The London Gazette. 29 March 1946. p. 1583. 
  28. ^ "No. 39798". The London Gazette. 13 March 1953. p. 1443. 
  29. ^ "No. 45208". The London Gazette. 8 October 1970. p. 10989. 
  30. ^ "No. 513880". The London Gazette. 22 June 1988. p. 7207. 
  31. ^ "No. 54807". The London Gazette. 16 June 1997. p. 6967.