Royal Army of Oman
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|Royal Army of Oman
القوات المسلحة السلطانية العُمانية
|Allegiance||Sultan of Oman|
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Oman has a military history which dates back to the seventh century, at the time troops from the tribe Alozd were strong enough to help Abu Bakr, companion of the Islamic prophet Mohammed.
At the beginning of the seventeenth century it was lifting force of the second well-known Omani forces Ya'ariba dynasty during the reign of the family, which forced the expulsion of Portuguese from the country in 1650. And Ya'ariba dynasty during the reign of the family dynasty, covered fortified buildings north of the country from Musandam to the south of the province of Dhofar.
The Royal Army of Oman officially traces its origins back to the formation of the Muscat Garrison in 1907. The garrison was expanded and became the Muscat Infantry in 1921. During the 1960s, it fought in the Dhofar Rebellion alongside British units. The Army became an independent service known as the Sultan of Oman Land Forces in 1976. In 1990, Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said changed the name of the branch to the Royal Army of Oman.
- One divisional HQ
- Two brigade HQ (Northern Brigade, Southern Brigade) with a 3rd in the process of being established for Border Security
- Two Armoured Regiments (battalion-sized, one with Challenger 2, one with M60A3)
- Armoured Car Regiment (battalion)
- Mechanized Regiment (one battalion)
- Muscat Regiment (one battalion)
- Northern Frontier Regiment (one battalion)
- Desert Regiment (one battalion)
- Jebel Regiment (one battalion)
- Southern Regiment (two battalions, composed of Baluchi personnel)
- Four Artillery Regiments (battalions)
- SAF Signals
- SAF Engineers
- SAF Electrical & Mechanical Engineers
Oman recently received 174 amphibious light armored vehicles and more than 80 armored VBL from France to strengthen its military capabilities.
Oman has one of the largest amounts in the world of Scud missiles, and ranging in estimate more than 30,000 ballistic missiles. In 2008 Oman spent 7.7% of GDP on military expenditures. According to the Times Online, Oman is home to the only military music band mounted on camels in the world.
In May 2013 the United States announced a deal with Oman valued at $ 2.1 billion to supply a ground based air defense system.
- Challenger 2 main battle tank (38)
- Challenger Armoured recovery vehicle (40)
- Chieftain tank-MK-5 (24)- phased out, status unknown
- M60A1 (6)
- M60A3 (73)
- M88A-1 Recovery (11)
- M728 Recovery (31)
- B1 Centauro with 120 mm gun (Hitfact) (9) in service 2009-10
- Mowag Piranha 8x8 LAV's (175)
- Panhard VBL (132) including 8 with BGM-71 TOW ATGM Missile launcher.
- Panhard VAB 4x4 &6x6 including 6 with 2RM 120mm heavy mortar\ 6 VAB-VCI and 8 VAB-VTT (56)
- Fahd APC (31-100)
- WZ-551B (50)
- HMMWV Hummer
- Commando MK-III 4x4 (100)
- FV101 Scorpion (37)
- FV103 Spartan (34)
- FV105 Sultan (31)
- FV106 Samson (30)
- Alvis Stormer (10)
- Alvis Saladin (38)-status unknown
- Saxon (22)
- Cadillac Gage Commando (20)
- Russia BTR-80-?
- VBC-90 (19)
- Type-90A 122mm MRLs (12)
- G6 howitzers (24)
- M-109A2 (15)-status unknown
- L118 Light Gun (39)
- Type 59-1 (12)
- Soviet Union M46 130mm Gun (15)
- FH-70 (12)
- 122 mm howitzer 2A18 (D-30) (30)
- L16 81mm Mortar
- M-102 105mm Howitzer (36)
- Brandt 120mm mortar (12)
- 2R2M 120mm SP\on VAB mortar (14)
- M-30 107mm mortar-SP\on M-106A-2 APCs (12)
- BGM-71F TOW-2B ATGMs (18)launchers\562 missiles.
- BGM-71A\C Improved TOW ATGMs 26 launchers\220 missiles.
- FGM-148 ATGMs 30 launchers\250 missiles
- Milan ATGMs 32-50 launchers
- LAW MK-80 Light ATRLs
- RPG-7V Light ATRLs
- Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon GDF-007 (10)
- Skyguard-AD system (Aspide SAMs+Oerlikon GDF-002 35mm twin AAGs)
- Bofors 40mm gun
- VDAA 2x20mm SP-AAGs (9)
- ZU-23 2x23mm AAGs (4-5)
- M-167A2 VADS 20mm AAG
- SHORAR radar system (2)
- Blindfire radar systems for Rapier missiles (18)
- Skyguard-radar systems for Skyguard A\D systems (5)
- Cymbeline artillery location radar (3)
- Tigercat SAMs
- Crotale NG SAM
- Avenger SP-air defense system-on order (18)
- Rapier MK-2\Jernas SAMs (5) launchers\600 Rapier-1+ 800 Rapier-2 missiles.
- Mistral anti-aircraft missile (54) launchers\230 missiles.
- Blowpipe MANPADs-200 missiles.
- Javelin MANPADs (30) launchers\280 missiles.
- SA-7 Grail MANPADs (34)
- THAAD anti-missile system
- Browning Hi-Power MK-2 Pistol
- SIG Sauer P226
- S&W M38
- INSAS Standard Assault Rifle of Oman Army
- Steyr AUG 
- M16A1/A2/A4 Service rifle
- M4 carbine
- Bushmaster Carbon 15
- SIG SG 540
- FN FAL 50-00/L1A1
- H&K G3
- FN Minimi SAW
- FN MAG Machine gun
- M2 BrowningHB Machine gun
- M203 grenade launcher
- M79 grenade launcher
- Accuracy International Arctic Warfare
- Barrett M82
- H&K MP5A3
- H&K MP7A1
- Sterling MK-IV (L2A3)
Out of service equipment
- 15x Daimler Ferret Armoured Car FV-702 4x4 scout car United Kingdom
- 10x Alvis Saracen FV-603 6x6 APC United Kingdom
- 24x QF-25 87.6mm towed howitzer United Kingdom
- 4x 5.5 Inch MK-3\140mm Towed-gun United Kingdom
- "Royal Army of Oman / Royal Oman Land Forces (ROLF)". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2016-01-10.
- "Royal Army of Oman - Equipment". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2016-01-10.
- "Royal Army of Oman - About Royal Army of Oman (RAO)". www.mod.gov.om. Retrieved 2016-01-10.
- "Joint Statement by the United States and the Government of the Sultanate of Oman". www.defense-aerospace.com. Retrieved 2016-01-10.
- "Raytheon Secures Oman as New Customer for NASAMS". Defense News. Retrieved 2016-01-10.
- Oman to buy the air defense missile system THAAD - Armyrecognition.com, May 27, 2013