Royal Australian Corps of Signals
|Royal Australian Corps of Signals|
|Active||1901 – present|
|Branch||Australian Regular Army|
|Size||6 Regular Regiments|
|Motto(s)||'Certa Cito', means 'Swift and Sure'.|
|Colors||Light blue, over dark blue, over green.|
|Engagements||RASigs are not awarded Battle Honours.|
|Colonel-in-Chief||HRH The Princess Royal|
|Tactical Recognition Flash|
The Royal Australian Corps of Signals (RASigs) is one of the 'arms' (combat support corps) of the Australian Army. It is responsible for installing, maintaining and operating all types of telecommunications equipment and information systems. The motto of the Signals Corps is Certa Cito and is translated as 'Swift and Sure', signifying the aim of the signal service – that communication be carried out with maximum speed and certainty. Like their British counterparts, the Royal Australian Corps of Signals' flag and hat badge feature Mercury, the winged messenger of the gods, affectionately referred to by members of the corps as "Jimmy" (the origin dates back to the merge with Engineers when the Engineer's band's Drum Major had a "Jimmy" on his staff).
Modern Army command and control systems demand reliable, high speed transfer of large volumes of data. The communications systems provided by Signals must keep pace with modern information technology. The control of the electromagnetic spectrum offers a decisive advantage in modern warfare and Electronic Warfare, listening to or interfering with enemy electronic transmissions, is a critical contribution by the Signals Corps to the Army's combat capability.
On the battlefield Signals provides commanders with the means of controlling the battle using road and air dispatch services, radio, microwave and satellite links. A high technology computer switched digital network, capable of providing a high quality, high capacity, secure communications network is being introduced.
The Corps has recently taken over the responsibility for Army Information Systems. Signal Corps personnel now control large integrated information systems and are responsible for the installation and operation of local area networks using state-of-the art computer equipment.
Specialist roles in the Corps include: Communication System Operator (known in the Corps as "Operators"), Telecommunications Technician (known as "Techs" or "Techies"), Electronic Warfare Operator (known as "Bears" from being primarily posted to a base near Cabarlah (Koala), Queensland) and Information Systems Technician (known as "Geeks").
Australia has the unique distinction of having had the first regularly formed signal unit in the British Empire. The Corps began in 1869 as a small "torpedo and signals corp", located in New South Wales and Victoria. These units existed until 1882, when they were disbanded. In 1885, a "signalling corps", composed of one officer and twelve other ranks, was created in South Australia and remained active until 1901.
After the inception of the Commonwealth Forces, an "Australian Corps of Signallers" was formed on 12 January 1906. This day is recognised as the Signal Corps' birthday. The Corps remained as a self-contained unit until 1911 when it was merged with Australian Engineers.
On 1 January 1925, the Australian Corps of Signals was formed and all Signals units were separated from the Australian Corps of Engineers.
At the conclusion of World War II, a silver salver was presented to the Australian Corps of Signals by Princess Mary as a memento of the co-operation between the Royal Corps of Signals and the Australian Corps of Signals throughout the Second World War.
On 10 November 1948, His Majesty King George VI conferred the title "Royal" on the Australian Corps of Signals. The day is recognised a "Corps Day", and commemorative functions are held on, or as near as possible to, 10 November each year.
Approval was given by Her Royal Highness, Princess Anne, The Princess Royal, the Signals Corps' Colonel-in-Chief, on 10 September 1980 for the Corps to carry a banner bearing her Cipher. The banner is known as "The Princess Anne Banner", and was presented to the Signals Corps by the then Governor-General, The Right Honourable Sir Ninian Stephen on 29 November 1986.
The Royal Australian Signals Corps is divided into a number of regiments and squadrons, both Regular Army, Army Reserve, and Special Operations Command. Each brigade of the Army has a Signals Squadron which forms part of the brigade's Command Support Regiment. The Army's two divisions each has a signal regiment.
- 1st Signal Regiment – 1st Division in Enoggera, Queensland
- HQ Squadron
- 100th Signal Squadron
- 101st Signal Squadron
- 1st Combat Signal Regiment – 1st Brigade in Darwin
- HQ Squadron
- 104th Signal Squadron
- 105th Signal Squadron
- 3rd Combat Signal Regiment – 3rd Brigade in Townsville
- HQ Squadron
- 102nd Signal Squadron
- 103rd Signal Squadron
- 7th Combat Signal Regiment – 7th Brigade in Enoggera, Queensland
- HQ Squadron
- 139th Signal Squadron
- 140th Signal Squadron
- 7th Signal Regiment (Electronic Warfare) – 6th Brigade in Cabarlah
- 71st Squadron
- 72nd Squadron
- 73rd Squadron
- Operations Support Squadron
- 145th Signal Squadron – 17th Combat Service Support Brigade in Sydney
- 8th Signal Regiment – 2nd Division in Sydney
- 108th Signal Squadron – 4th Brigade in Melbourne
- 109th Signals Squadron – 13th Brigade in Perth
- 141st Signal Squadron – 11th Brigade in Townsville
- 144th Signal Squadron – 9th Brigade in Keswick, South Australia
Special Operations Command
- 126th Signal Squadron (2nd Commando Regiment) in Holsworthy, New South Wales
- 152nd Signal Squadron (Special Air Service Regiment) in Perth
- 301st Signal Squadron (1st Commando Regiment) in Randwick, New South Wales
The Royal Australian Corps of Signals has two sets of colours, tactical and domestic. The Tactical colours are White on Royal blue. White symbolises the ribbons wound on the Caduceus of the god Hermes and the Blue representing the Royal Colours. The domestic colours, sky blue on dark blue on dark green, represent the three mediums of communication: air, sea and land.
This section's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (November 2010)
Soldiers joining the Signals Corps are given training specific to their field at the Defence Force School of Signals after first graduating from recruit training at the Army Recruit Training Centre, Kapooka. The School of Signals is a tri-service educational facility located on Simpson Barracks in Watsonia, Victoria. It is the home of the Signals Corps and the centre for defence training in communications and information systems for the Australian Defence Force. The school was previously located at Balcombe, before moving to Watsonia in the late 1960s. though Balcombe was maintained as a training location for some Signals and Army apprentice courses into the 1980s. The School also has an Electronic Warfare wing, called the Joint Telecommunications School, located on Borneo Barracks in Cabarlah, Queensland.
After successful completion of the 80-day recruit course at Kapooka, all soldiers joining the Signals Corps, regardless of specialisation, first complete an eight-day Common Corps course which provides basic Royal Australian Corps of Signals skills in radio, line laying and computing and is a prerequisite for all Australian Regular Army RA Sigs trade courses. The course (and most subsequent training) is held at Defence Force School of Signals, Simpson Barracks, Macleod, Victoria. On successful completion of the Common Corps course, students will be placed in a holding platoon while they wait for their trade course to start. During this time students may be placed on other courses, such as driver training.
- Communication Systems Operator: Communication Systems Operator training is a 25-week course in which trainees are instructed in the operation and maintenance of military High Frequency (HF) and Very High Frequency (VHF) radios, portable satellite terminals, frequency hopping and cryptographic equipment. Communication Systems Operators will also be trained to deploy computer networks and to operate computer-based communications applications. This training is conducted in a range of simulated environments based upon vehicle and Command Post operations.
- Telecommunications Technician: Telecommunications Technician training is a 72-week course that incorporates all aspects of the telecommunications communications equipment used in RA Sigs Units. Subjects include telecommunications cabling, satellite theory and equipment stations, circuit switch networks, telephone systems and local and wide-area computer networks.
- Electronic Warfare Operator: The Electronic Warfare Operator course is delivered in two parts due to the security clearance requirements. It trains ARA trainees in Electronic Warfare and Signal Intelligence fundamentals, including basic language skills and typing.
- To commence Part Two training, trainees must have a Top Secret Positive Vetted (TSPV) clearance, which depending on the individual and on personal history can take from 6 to 12 months to acquire. Both the ADF School of Languages and the Defence Force School of Signals (DFSS) are tri-service training facilities and also train Navy and Air Force personnel.
- Information Systems Technician: Training incorporates a wide variety of Information Technology (IT) subjects including fundamentals of computing, diagnosing hardware and software problems, network operating systems, installation of applications and peripheral devices, operating a help desk, data communications and operation of a Deployable Local Area Network (DLAN).
Project Parakeet is the Army's mobile Battlefield Telecommunications Network (BTN) which was introduced into service in the mid 1990s through Project JP65. At the time of its introduction, Project Parakeet was considered to be a highly advanced military communications system. It included secure voice and data trunking services.
In 2002, the Defence Force commenced the multi-phase Project JP2072 Battlespace Communications System, including combat net radio and trunk communications replacement.
Phase 2A of Project JP 2072 is replacing the ageing fleet of Wagtail (VHF), Raven (VHF/HF) and Pintail (V/UHF) hand-held / man portable tactical radios and the AN/PSC-5 / 5D SATCOM.
- AN/PRC-152 handheld (V/UHF) Software Defined Radio (SDR)
- AN/PRC-150 manpack (HF) SDR
- AN/PRC-117F manpack wideband Satellite Communications (SATCOM)
- AN/PRC-117G manpack multiband SATCOM
In September 2015, Boeing was awarded Phase 2B to replace Parakeet known as Project Currawong by 2020 using digital wideband voice, data and video services over wireless and wired infrastructure.
Order of precedence
Royal Australian Engineers
|Australian Army Order of Precedence||Succeeded by|
Royal Australian Infantry Corps
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