In 1882 a German group of the International Polar Year Investigations expedition under Schrader was sent out to observe the transit of Venus was stationed at Royal Bay. They were based on the north shore of the bay in 1882-83. The group came in on the steam corvette SMS Moltke which was the first powered vessel to reach South Georgia. Moltke Harbour, a one-mile wide bay on the northwest side of Royal Bay is named after it.
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