Royal Brunei Armed Forces
|Royal Brunei Armed Forces|
|Angkatan Bersenjata Diraja Brunei|
|Founded||31 May 1961|
|Current form||1 January 1984|
|Service branches||Royal Brunei Land Forces
Royal Brunei Air Force
Royal Brunei Navy
|Supreme Commander||Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah|
|Minister of Defence||Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah|
|Chief of Defense||Major General Mohammad Tawih Abdullah|
|Military age||18 and over|
|108,356 males, age 16-49,
110,153 females, age 16-49
|92,543 males, age 16-49,
95,301 females, age 16-49
|Percent of GDP||4.5% (2006)|
|Foreign suppliers|| Australia
The Royal Brunei Armed Forces was formed on 31 May 1961. Known as the Askar Melayu Brunei, (Brunei Malay Regiment in Malay) it was honoured with the royal title on 31 May 1965, when the word 'Diraja' (Royal in Malay) was added to the title. It was then known as Askar Melayu Diraja Brunei, (Royal Brunei Malay Regiment). Since Independence Day, 1 January 1984, the Royal Brunei Malay Regiment has been renamed as the Angkatan Bersenjata Diraja Brunei (Royal Brunei Armed Forces in Malay).
Only Brunei citizens of the Malay ethnicity (Bumiputera) are allowed to enlist in the Royal Brunei Armed Forces. The Malay ethnicity comprises the Belait, Bisaya, Brunei, Dusun, Kedayan, Murut, and Tutong indigenous races as defined in the Brunei constitution. Military service is not compulsory for any segment of the population; there is no conscription.
The Royal Brunei Armed Forces (RBAF) use a wide range of foreign equipment, with a large percentage originating from the United Kingdom, France/Europe and the United States. The Royal Brunei Land Forces is the largest of the armed services, with a relatively small air force and navy. The Bruneian military lacks any recent combat experience but has been deployed regionally in humanitarian and peacekeeping missions. Brunei also has extensive military relations with Singapore. On 31 May 2011, Royal Brunei Armed Forces reached its golden jubilee.
Role and Organisation
The Role of Royal Brunei Armed Forces is to:
- Deter any outside powers intending to undermine directly or indirectly in the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the State of Brunei, and to prevent any subversive elements actual or potential operating in the State of Brunei;
- Undertake military operations to counter aggression, terrorism or insurgency;
- Assist in maintenance of public order in support of the Police and Civil Authority, if called upon
- Maintain good Community relations by which the Royal Brunei Armed Forces can be identified with the Government and Civil population of Brunei.
The Royal Brunei Armed Forces is divided into four branches:
List of the RBAF Commanders from 1984 till today
- Yang Dimuliakan Pehin Orang Kaya Seri Dewa Major General (Rtd.) Dato Seri Pahlawan Haji Mohammad Bin Haji Daud (30 December 1985 - 9 August 1990)
- Yang Dimuliakan Pehin Datu Indera Setia Major General (Rtd.) Dato Paduka Seri Haji Sulaiman Bin Haji Awang Damit (10 August 1990 - 29 September 1994)
- Yang Dimuliakan Pehin Datu Harimaupadang Major General (Rtd.) Dato Paduka Seri Haji Hussin Bin Ahmad (30 September 1994 - 29 September 1997)
- Yang Mulia Major General (Rtd.) Pengiran Dato Paduka Seri Haji Abidin Bin Pengiran Haji Ahmad (30 September 1997 - 3 July 1999)
- Yang Dimuliakan Pehin Datu Padukaraja Major General (Rtd.) Dato Paduka Seri Haji Shari Bin Ahmad (31 August 1999 - 1 April 2001)
- Yang Dimuliakan Pehin Orang Kaya Lela Pahlawan Major General (Rtd.) Dato Paduka Seri Haji Mohammad Jaafar Bin Haji Abdul Aziz (2 April 2001 - 27 March 2003)
- Yang Dimuliakan Pehin Datu Lailaraja Major General (Rtd.) Dato Paduka Seri Haji Awang Halbi Bin Haji Mohammad Yussof (28 March 2003 - 31 December 2009)
- Yang Mulia Major General (Rtd.) Dato Paduka Seri Haji Aminuddin Ihsan Bin Pehin Orang Kaya Saiful Mulok Dato Seri Paduka Haji Abidin (31 December 2009 - 30 February 2014)
- Yang Dimuliakan Pehin Datu Pekerma Jaya Major General Dato Seri Pahlawan Mohd Tawih Bin Abdullah (30 February 2014 - present)
Royal Brunei Land Forces
The Royal Brunei Land Forces is a brigade sized formation that consists of three battalions and a support battalion. The role of the Royal Brunei Land Forces is to maintain the security of Brunei and to defend the sovereignty of the country. Its main responsibility is to oppose any threat from within or outside the country and to maintain peace and security in the country.
Royal Brunei Air Force
The Royal Brunei Air Force is a small, mainly helicopter-based force which is tasked with supporting the other branches of the armed services and defending Bruneian air space. It was established in 1965 and consists of a range of helicopters, including: 10 Bell 212 and 4 Sikorsky S-70. The Bell 212s are to be replaced between 2013–15 by 12 Sikorsky S-70i.
The Royal Brunei Air Force fixed-wing inventory is limited to around 4 Pilatus PC-7 training aircraft and Airbus CN-235 transport aircraft. On 14 July 2014, the Commander of the Royal Brunei Armed Forces announced plans to order the C-130J in the near future. On 7 October 2014, Brunei purchased a single C-130J with spare parts and logistic support for 343 million dollars.
The Royal Brunei Navy (Malay: Tentera Laut Diraja Brunei, abbreviated TLDB) is the naval defence force of Brunei Darrussalam. It is a small but relatively well-equipped force whose main responsibility is to conduct search and rescue missions and to deter and defend the Brunei waters against attack mounted by sea borne forces.
The Support Services Royal Brunei Armed Forces had the responsibility of providing support services to units in the RBAF in all aspects pertaining to their administration, security, health, logistics, communication, transportation and technical equipment service support to all units in the Royal Brunei Armed Forces. The Support Services or the Royal Brunei Armed Forces also worked closely with other units in the Royal Brunei Armed Forces to undergo and help co-ordinate military training and operations
As part of the reorganisation of the RBAF, the Support Services was disbanded in early 2009 and its various units were relocated. .
The Training Institute of the Royal Brunei Armed Forces is also known as the Military Training Institution. It provides basic military training to all new recruits to the Royal Brunei Armed Forces. Other military courses are also offered and conducted in the institution to personnel of the Royal Brunei Armed Forces.
- Introduction - Royal Brunei Armed Forces - Retrieved 19 April 2007 Archived 28 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- Military Record, Brunei - Retrieved 20 April 2007 Archived 18 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- Brunei: The Abode of Peace - Retrieved 20 April 2007 Archived 13 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Ministry of Defence, Brunei". Ministry of Defence, Brunei. Retrieved 23 May 2009.
- Royal Brunei Land Forces - Retrieved 20 April 2007 Archived 2 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- Royal Brunei Air Force - Retrieved 20 April 2007 Archived 2 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- Royal Brunei Navy - Retrieved 20 April 2007 Archived 2 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- Royal Brunei Armed Forces Support Services - Retrieved 20 April 2007 Archived 28 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- Royal Brunei Armed Forces Training Institute - Retrieved 20 April 2007 Archived 19 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
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