Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps

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The Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps
Active 1904–1968
Country Canada
Type Corps
Role (Canadian Army) Permanent Active Militia
Motto(s) Latin: In arduis fidelis ("Faithful through Adversity")
Colors dull cherry
March "The Farmer's Boy"[1]
Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps button
A Canadian nurse with 2 soldiers in WWI.
Royal visit to RCAMC, Bramshott, England, 17 March 1941
A jeep ambulance of the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps (R.C.A.M.C.) bringing in two wounded Canadian soldiers on the Moro River front, south of San Leonardo di Ortona, Italy, December 10, 1943

The Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps (RCAMC) was an administrative corps of the Canadian Army.[2]

The Militia Medical Service was established in 1899.[3] The Militia Medical Service was redesignated as a Corps on 2 July 1904; the regular component as "Permanent Active Militia Medical Corps" and the militia component as "Militia Army Medical Corps in 1904.[4] Both components were redesignated "Canadian Army Medical Corps" on 1 May 1909. The regular component was redesignated "The Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps" on 3 November 1919; the militia component "Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps" on 29 April 1936. The two elements were finally united under one name on 22 March 1948 as "The Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps".[5]

The badge of the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps consists of a two crossing maple stems and maple leaves with a Kings Crown on top, with the text "Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps" on a ribbon at the bottom. At the centre of the two maple stems is a rod of Asclepius consisting of a serpent entwined around a staff.

After the Second World War, a series of coloured berets were adopted, with other arms and services wearing midnight blue berets, with a large coloured "flash" in corps colours – dull cherry for the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps.[6]

Italian campaign in the Second World War[edit]

The following RCAMC units served during operations in Italy during the Second World War:[7]

General headquarters and line of communications troops:

I Canadian Corps troops:

1st Canadian Armoured Brigade:

1st Canadian Infantry Division:

5th Canadian (Armoured) Division:


When the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Air Force were merged in 1968 to form the Canadian Forces, the Royal Canadian Dental Corps and Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps were deactivated and merged with their Naval and Air Force counterparts to form the Dental Branch (Canadian Forces) and the Canadian Forces Medical Service of the Canadian Forces Health Services Group (CF H Svcs Gp). When the Canadian Forces unified on 1 February 1968, the rifle green beret was adopted as the CF standard. On October 9, 2013 it was renamed the Royal Canadian Medical Service.

Related units[edit]

This unit was allied with the following:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Canadian Forces publication A-AD-200-000/AG-000, "The Honours, Flags and Heritage Structure of the Canadian Forces"
  2. ^ The Regiments and Corps of The Canadian Army (Queen's Printer, 1964)
  3. ^ J. George Adami War Story of the Canadian Army Medical Corps London: Colour Ltd.; The Rolls House Publishing Co., 1918
  4. ^ Canadian Military Life After South Africa
  5. ^ The Regiments and Corps of The Canadian Army (Queen's Printer, 1964)
  6. ^
  7. ^ Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War - Volume II - The Canadians in Italy 1943-1945 by Lt. Col G.W.L. Nicholson (Queen's Printer, 1957)
  • "The Army Medical organization". Juno Beach Centre. 
  • Gerald W. L. Nicholson (1977). Seventy Years of Service: A History of The Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps. Borealis Press. ISBN 0-919594-61-1. 
  • G. W. L. Nicholson (1975). Canada's Nursing Sisters. Canadian War Museum, Toronto. 
  • Andrew Macphail (1925). Official History of the Canadian Forces in the Great War 1914-19 : The Medical Services. F.A. Acland, King's Printer, Ottawa. 

External links[edit]


Site Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
Colonel D. V. Currie VC Armoury, 1215 Main Street North, 1913-14 1998 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan
  • large, low-massed brick structure located in the north end of Moose Jaw in a mixed commercial, recreational and residential neighbourhood.
  • Currently the home of the Saskatchewan Dragoons; it has housed 95th Saskatchewan Rifles, the 60th Rifles, the King’s Own Rifles of Canada, the 77th Battery, Royal Canadian Artillery, the 19th Medical Company, Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps, and the 142nd Transport Company, Royal Canadian Army Service Corps