Royal Canadian Mounted Police Long Service Medal
|Royal Canadian Mounted Police Long Service Medal|
Obverse and reverse of the medal
|Awarded by the
monarch of Canada
|Type||Long service and Good Conduct medal|
|Eligibility||Officer, Non-Commissioned Officer or Constables of the RCMP|
|Awarded for||No less than 20 years of irreproachable service|
|Established||6 March 1934|
|Next (higher)||Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal|
|Next (lower)||Canadian Forces Decoration|
Ribbon bar of the medal
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police Long Service Medal was established by royal warrant on 6 March 1934 by King George V. It is the oldest continually awarded honour within the Canadian honours system, and the first created specifically for Canadian service within Canada. Initially proposed by the Royal Northwest Mounted Police Veterans’ Association, it took more than ten years for the proposal to be realized. The determination of the veterans was aided by the interest of Commissioner Cortlandt Starnes and Prime Minister R.B. Bennett.
The RCMP Long Service Medal was unique in the history of the Canadian honours system. For the first time an honour was created to reward the service of Canadians serving within Canada. Previous awards for service in Canada, like the Canada General Service Medal were presented to both Canadian and British personnel. The timing of the process to create of this honour came in the wake of the Nickel Resolution. The Nickel Resolution grew out of the discontent with the manner in which honours were awarded immediately after World War I. The immediate result of the resolution created a policy of Canadians not being appointed to peerages and titular honours, and the government of Canada only making recommendation for a handful of non-titular honours. After the Statute of Westminster in 1931, which affirmed the equality of the self-governing dominions of the British Empire, there was no process for creating a new honour specifically for one of the dominions. The Canadian government passed the recommendation for creating the honour on to the Dominions Office, who had experience with drafting Royal Warrants. Finally, on 6 March 1934, King George V signed the Royal Warrant creating the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Long Service Medal. Prime Minister R.B. Bennett countersigned the Royal Warrant 15 December 1934 signifying that the King was acting on the advice of his Canadian Ministry. In commemoration of the 80th anniversary of the establishment of the RCMP Long Service Medal, the Force commissioned a detailed history of the medal which was released in November 2014.
The RCMP Long Service Medal is awarded to Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers or Constables who are of an irreproachable character and have completed a minimum of twenty years of service. In 1954, clasps for the ribbon of the RCMP Long Service Medal were approved to signify additional years of service.
The medal is round and made of sterling silver. It is suspended from a ribbon of royal blue, with two yellow stripes. The obverse of the medal depicts an effigy of Elizabeth II with the inscription around the edge "Elizabeth II Dei Gratia Regina" (Elizabeth II by the Grace of God Queen). The reverse depicts the heraldic badge of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police with the inscription "For Long Service and Good Conduct". To denote further service a series of clasps may be awarded. To denote twenty-five years of service the clasp is a bronze bar with a single five pointed star. For thirty years of service the clasp is silver with two stars. At thirty five years the clasp is gold with three stars. The final clasp, approved in 2004, is for forty years of service. It is a gold and silver bar with four stars.
- "RCMP Long Service Medal 75 years of recognizing service and good conduct" (PDF). Royal Canadian Mounted Police. ISBN 978-1-100-13226-6. Retrieved 27 June 2011.
- McCreery, Christopher (2011). The Canadian Forces' Decoration (PDF). Directorate of Honours and Recognition. p. 2.
- McCreery, Christopher (2010). "The Crown and Honours: Getting it Right" (PDF). The Crown in Canada: Present Realities and Future Options. Kingston: Queens University Institute of Governmental Relations. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- "RCMP Celebrates 80th Anniversary of Long Service Medal". Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
- "The Royal Canadian Mounted Police Long Service Medal". Royal Canadian Mounted Police. 8 May 2007. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- Blatherwick, Francis John (2003), Canadian Orders, Decorations and Medals, Unitrade Press, ISBN 978-0-919801-10-3
- McCreery, Christopher (2015), The Canadian Honours System 2nd Edition, Dundurn Press, ISBN 978-1-4597-2415-0
- McCreery, Christopher (2014), Maintiens Le Droit; Recognizing Service, A History of the RCMP Long Service Medal, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, ISBN 978-1-100-23124-2