Royal Corps of Signals

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Royal Signals
Royal Signals Working Web.jpg
Cap Badge of the Royal Corps of Signals
Active 1920 – present
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Part of Commander Land Forces
Garrison/HQ Blandford Camp, Dorset
Motto(s) Certa Cito
(Swift and Sure)
March Begone Dull Care (Quick); HRH The Princess Royal (Slow)
Commanders
Colonel-in-Chief HRH The Princess Royal
Insignia
Tactical Recognition Flash Royal Signals TRF.svg

The Royal Corps of Signals (often simply known as the Royal Signals - abbreviated to R SIGNALS) is one of the combat support arms of the British Army. Signals units are among the first into action, providing the battlefield communications and information systems essential to all operations. Colloquially referred to by some as "Siggies". Royal Signals units provide the full telecommunications infrastructure for the Army wherever they operate in the world. The Corps has its own engineers, logistics experts and systems operators to run radio and area networks in the field.[1] It is responsible for installing, maintaining and operating all types of telecommunications equipment and information systems, providing command support to commanders and their headquarters, and conducting electronic warfare against enemy communications.

Personnel[edit]

Training and trades[edit]

Main article: Royal Signals trades

Royal Signals officers receive general military training at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, followed by specialist communications training at the Royal School of Signals, Blandford Camp, Dorset. Other ranks are trained both as field soldiers and tradesmen. Their basic military training is delivered at the Army Training Regiment at Winchester before undergoing trade training at 11th (Royal School of Signals) Signal Regiment. There are currently six different trades available to other ranks,[2] each of which is open to both men and women:

  • Communication Systems Operator: trained in military radio and trunk communications systems
  • Communication Systems Engineer: trained in data communications and computer networks
  • Communication Electrician: trained in maintaining and repairing generators and providing electrical power
  • Communication Logistic Specialist: trained in driving and accounting for communications equipment
  • Installation Technician: trained in installing and repairing fibreoptics and telephone systems
  • Electronic Warfare Systems Operator: trained in intercepting and jamming enemy communications

Staff sergeants and warrant officers work in one of five supervisory rosters:

  • Yeoman of Signals - trained in the planning and deployment and management of military tactical/strategic communications networks;
  • Yeoman of Signals (Electronic Warfare) - trained in the planning, deployment and management of military tactical/strategic electronic warfare assets;
  • Foreman of Signals - trained in the installation, maintenance, repair and interoperability of military tactical/strategic communications assets;
  • Foreman of Signals (Information Systems) - trained in the installation, maintenance, repair and interoperability of military tactical/strategic Information Systems;
  • Regimental Duty - trained in the daily routine and running of a unit.

Whilst SSgts are generally regarded as being Regimental Duty, this roster does not start until WO2 and therefore all SSgts in the Royal Signals who are not supervisory are still employed "in trade".

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

In 1870, 'C' Telegraph Troop, Royal Engineers, was founded under Captain Montague Lambert. The Troop was the first formal professional body of signallers in the British Army and its duty was to provide communications for a field army by means of visual signalling, mounted orderlies and telegraph. By 1871, 'C' Troop had expanded in size from 2 officers and 133 other ranks to 5 officers and 245 other ranks. In 1879, 'C' Troop first saw action during the Anglo-Zulu War.[3] On 1 May 1884, 'C' Troop was amalgamated with the 22nd and 34th Companies, Royal Engineers, to form the Telegraph Battalion Royal Engineers;[3] 'C' Troop formed the 1st Division (Field Force, based at Aldershot) while the two Royal Engineers companies formed the 2nd Division (Postal and Telegraph, based in London). Signalling was the responsibility of the Telegraph Battalion until 1908, when the Royal Engineers Signal Service was formed.[4] As such it provided communications during the First World War. It was about this time that motorcycle despatch riders and wireless sets were introduced into service.[4]

Royal Warrant[edit]

A Royal Warrant for the creation of a Corps of Signals was signed by the Secretary of State for War, Winston Churchill, on 28 June 1920. Six weeks later, King George V conferred the title Royal Corps of Signals. It was given precedence immediately after the Corps of Royal Engineers.[citation needed]

Subsequent history[edit]

Before the Second World War, Royal Signals recruits were required to be at least 5 feet 2 inches tall. They initially enlisted for eight years with the colours and a further four years with the reserve. They trained at the Signal Training Centre at Catterick Camp. All personnel were taught to ride.[5]

Throughout the Second World War (1939–45), members of the Royal Corps of Signals had served in every theatre of war. By the end of the war the strength of the Corps was 8,518 officers and 142,472 other ranks. In one famous episode, Corporal Thomas Waters of the 5th Parachute Brigade Signal Section was awarded the Military Medal for laying and maintaining the field telephone line under heavy enemy fire across the Caen Canal Bridge during the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.

In the immediate post-war period, the Corps played a full and active part in numerous campaigns, including Palestine, Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation, Malaya and the Korean War. Until the end of the Cold War, the main body of the Corps was deployed with the British Army of the Rhine confronting the former Communist Bloc forces, providing the British Forces' contribution to NATO with its communications infrastructure. Soldiers from the Royal Signals delivered communications in the Falklands War, the first Gulf War, Bosnia, Kosovo, Sierra Leone, East Timor and the second Gulf War. They are currently deployed in Cyprus (TA) and Afghanistan.

In 1994, The Royal Corps of Signals relocated its training regiments: 11th Signal Regiment (the Recruit Training Regiment) and 8th Signal Regiment (the Trade Training School), from Catterick Garrison, North Yorkshire to Blandford Camp in Dorset, where the Royal School of Signals was already based.

In late 2012, 2nd (National Communications) Signal Brigade disbanded.[6] The Brigade Headquarters was previously located at Corsham and the brigade comprised 10, 32, 37, 38, 39 and 71 Signal Regiments, plus 299 Signal Squadron (Special Communications), Specialist Group Royal Signals with 81 Signal Squadron, Land Information and Communications Services Group (LICSG), Land Information Assurance Group (LIAG) and the Central Volunteer Headquarters (CVHQ) Royal Signals.

The Future[edit]

The future structure of the Royal Signals will change under Army 2020.[7][8]

Dress and ceremonial[edit]

Tactical Recognition flash[edit]

The Corps wears a blue and white tactical recognition flash. This is worn horizontally on the right arm with the blue half charging forward.

Airborne elements of the Royal Signals wear a Drop Zone (DZ) flash on the right arm of their combat jacket. It is square in shape with its top half white and the bottom half blue. When 5 Airborne Brigade was re-formed for the Falklands War, Signal elements adopted the Airborne Bridges Headquarters DZ Flash but this changed back to its original colours in the mid 1980s.

Cap badge[edit]

The flag and cap badge feature Mercury (Latin: Mercurius), the winged messenger of the gods, who is referred to by members of the corps as "Jimmy". The origins of this nickname are unclear. According to one explanation, the badge is referred to as "Jimmy" because the image of Mercury was based on the late mediaeval bronze statue by the Italian sculptor Giambologna, and shortening over time reduced the name Giambologna to "Jimmy". The most widely accepted theory of where the name Jimmy comes from is a Royal Signals boxer, called Jimmy Emblen, who was the British Army Champion in 1924 and represented the Royal Corps of Signals from 1921 to 1924. It is one of the eight chalk hill figure military badges carved at Fovant, Wiltshire. It is the latest one to be made, as it was placed in 1970 following the Corp's 50th anniversary. The corps are also nicknamed 'Interflora's' due to close resemblance of the symbols.

Lanyard[edit]

On Nos 2, 4 and 14 Dress the Corps wears a dark blue lanyard signifying its early links with the Royal Engineers. The Airborne Signals Unit wears a drab green lanyard made from parachute cord which dates back to the Second World War. Following a parachute drop into France the unit's Commanding Officer ordered all Signal personnel to cut a length of para-cord from their chutes in the event they may need it later in the fighting.

Motto[edit]

The Corps motto is "certa cito", often translated from Latin as Swift and Sure . It is easily seen on any of the Corps Badges.

Appointments[edit]

The Colonel in Chief is currently HRH The Princess Royal.

Equipment[edit]

The Corps deploys and operates a broad range of specialist military and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) communications systems.[9] The main categories are as follows:

  • Satellite ground terminals
  • Terrestrial trunk radio systems
  • Combat net radio systems
  • Computer networks
  • Specialist military applications (computer programs)

Royal Corps of Signals units[edit]

Brigades[edit]

There are now two signal brigades:

  • 1st Signal Brigade: The Brigade Headquarters is co-located with HQ ARRC at Gloucester and the ARRC Support Battalion. The Brigade is made up of four specialist units, each trained to carry out a unique and challenging role in support of the overall brigade mission and is prepared to deploy at short notice anywhere in the world. The Brigade consists of ARRC Sp Bn, 22 Sig Regt, 30 Sig Regt and 299 (SC) Sig Sqn.[10]
  • 11th Signal Brigade: The Brigade Headquarters is located in MoD Donnington, near Telford. The Brigade is divided into two Signal Groups. 7 Signal Group comprises 1 Sig Regt, 2 Sig Regt, 3 (UK) Div Sig Regt, 16 Sig Regt, 21 Sig Regt. 2 Signal Group comprises 10 Sig Regt, 15 Sig Regt (IS), 32 Sig Regt, 37 Sig Regt, 38 Sig Regt, 39 Sig Regt, 71 Y Sig Regt.[11]

The structure of the Royal signals has changed under Army 2020.[12]

Regular Army[edit]

  • 1st Signal Regiment, Stafford
    • Headquarters Squadron
    • 200 Signal Squadron
    • 211 Signal Squadron
    • 201 Signal Squadron (merger of 201 and 212 Signal squadrons)[13]
    • Support Squadron
  • 2nd Signal Regiment, York
    • 214 Signal Squadron[14]
      • Roman Troop
      • Saxon Troop
      • Viking Troop
    • 219 Signal Squadron[15]
      • Eagle Troop
      • Falcon Troop
      • Phoenix Troop
    • 246 Gurkha Signal Squadron[16]
      • Island Troop
      • Kowloon Troop
      • Sekkong Troop
    • Support Squadron
  • 3rd (United Kingdom) Division Signal Regiment, Bulford
    • Support (Somme) Squadron
    • 202 Signal Squadron
    • 206 Signal Squadron
    • 228 Signal Squadron
  • 10th Signal Regiment, Corsham
    • 225 Signal Squadron (ECM (FP))
    • 241 Signal Squadron
    • 243 Signal Squadron
    • 251 Signal Squadron
    • 81 Signal Squadron (R)
  • 11th (Royal School of Signals) Signal Regiment, Blandford
  • 14th Signal Regiment (Electronic Warfare), Haverfordwest
    • Operations Support Squadron
    • 223 Signal Squadron (Electronic Warfare)
    • 226 Signal Squadron (Electronic Warfare)
    • 237 Signal Squadron (Electronic Warfare)
    • 245 Signal Squadron (Electronic Warfare)
  • 15th Signal Regiment (Information Support), Blandfold
  • 16th Signal Regiment, Stafford
    • 207 (Jerboa) Signal Squadron
    • 230 (Malaya) Signal Squadron
    • 255 (Bahrain) Signal Squadron
    • Support Squadron
  • 18 (United Kingdom Special Forces) Signal Regiment, Hereford
    • SBS Signal Squadron
    • 264 (Special Air Service) Signal Squadron
    • 267 (Special Reconnaissance Regiment) Signal Squadron
    • 268 (United Kingdom Special Forces) Signal Squadron
    • 63 (UKSF) Signal Squadron (Reserve)
  • 21st Signal Regiment, Colerne
    • HQ Squadron
    • 204 Signal Squadron[17]
      • Rhine Troop—a support troop
      • Alamein Troop—a communications troop
      • Messina Troop—a communications troop
    • 215 Signal Squadron[18]
      • Bengal Troop
      • Caspian Troop
      • Sabre Troop
    • 220 Signal Squadron[19]
      • Bost Troop
      • Pristina Troop
      • Shaibah Troop
    • Support Squadron
  • 22nd Signal Regiment, Stafford
  • 30th Signal Regiment, Bramcote
    • 244 Signal Squadron (Air Support)
      • Romeo Troop (strategic communications Troop)
      • Sierra Troop (strategic communications Troop)
      • Tango Troop (strategic communications Troop)
      • Support Troop (SQMS department, Generator bay and MT section)
    • 250 Signal Squadron
      • Victor Troop (strategic communications Troop)
      • Whisky Troop (strategic communications Troop)
      • X-Ray Troop (strategic communications Troop, has supported 16 AA/AATF see [21] page 62)
      • Support Troop (SQMS department, Generator bay and MT section)
    • 256 Signal Squadron[22]
      • Alpha Troop (strategic communications Troop)
      • Bravo Troop (strategic communications Troop)
      • Charlie Troop (strategic communications Troop)
      • Support Troop (MT Section and Technical workshop)
    • 258 Signal Squadron(early entry squadron)[23]
      • Delta Troop (Early Entry Headquarters’ (EEHQ) Troop)
      • Foxtrot Troop (Early Entry Headquarters’ (EEHQ) Troop)
      • Echo Troop (Operational Liaison Reconnaissance Troop (OLRT))
      • Support troop, comprising an MT Section and SQMS Department
    • Support Squadron
  • 16th Air Assault Brigade Headquarters and Signal Squadron (216), Colchester
  • 299 Signal Squadron (Special Communications), Bletchley
  • HQ 38 (Irish) Brigade Headquarters and Signal Troop, Northern Ireland
  • 600 Signal Troop - (Attached to 15 Signal Regiment (Information Support))
  • 628 Signal Troop (GBR DCM D) - 1st NATO Signal Battalion (Formerly 280 (UK) Signal Squadron 4 Dec, formerly 28th Signal Regiment)
  • 643 Signal Troop (COMSEC) - (Attached to 10th Signal Regiment)
  • 660 Signal Troop (Attached to 11 EOD Regt RLC for support in ECM and communications)
  • Joint Service Signal Unit (Cyprus)1 (British Forces Cyprus)
  • Cyprus Communications Unit (British Forces Cyprus)
  • Joint Communications Unit (Falkland Islands)
  • The Royal Signals Motorcycle Display Team (RSMDT) (Known since the 1960s as the "White Helmets")
  • Band of the Royal Corps of Signals (Corps Band)
  • Royal Corps of Signals Pipes and Drums (P&D)

Army Reserve[edit]

  • 32 Signal Regiment [RHQ Glasgow]
    • 52 (Lowland) Support Squadron [Glasgow/York]
    • 2 (Dundee and Highland) Signal Squadron [Dundee/Aberdeen]
    • 40 (North Irish Horse) Signal Squadron [Belfast]
    • 51 (Scottish) Signal Squadron [East Kilbride]
  • 37 Signal Regiment [RHQ Redditch]
    • 54 (Worcestershire) Support Squadron [Redditch]
    • 33 (Lancashire) Signal Squadron [Liverpool]
    • 48 (City of Birmingham) Signal Squadron [Birmingham/Coventry]
    • 50 (Northern) Signal Squadron [Darlington]
    • 64 (City of Sheffield) Signal Squadron [Sheffield]
  • 39 Signal Regiment [RHQ Bristol]
    • 93 (North Somerset Yeomanry) Support Squadron [Bristol]
    • 43 (Wessex) Signal Squadron [Bath]
    • 53 (Wales and Western) Signal Squadron]] [Cardiff]
    • 94 (Berkshire Yeomanry) Signal Squadron [Windsor]
  • 71 (Yeomanry) Signal Regiment [RHQ Bexleyheath]
  • Central Volunteer Headquarters Royal Signals (CVHQ Royal Signals) [Corsham]
  • 63 (UKSF) Signal Squadron (Reserve) [Thorney Island] - (Part of 18th (United Kingdom Special Forces) Signal Regiment)
  • Royal Signals (Northern Band) [Darlington] - Attached to 37TH Signal Regiment
  • Joint Force Command

Cadet Forces[edit]

The Royal Corps of Signals is the sponsoring Corps for several Army Cadet Force and Combined Cadet Force units, such as in Blandford Forum, home to the Royal School of Signals.[24] They also, quite unusually, sponsor small groups of signals trained cadets in cadet detachments which are affiliated to a different Regiment or Corps.

Order of precedence[edit]

Preceded by
Corps of Royal Engineers
Order of Precedence Succeeded by
Foot Guards

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]