Royal Dragoon Guards
|The Royal Dragoon Guards|
Royal Dragoon Guards Cap Badge
|Active||1 August 1992 - Present|
|Part of||Royal Armoured Corps|
Quis Separabit"Who shall separate us"
|March||Quick - Fare Thee Well Inniskilling
Slow - 4th Dragoon Guards (first two themes) + 7th Dragoon Guards (first theme)
|Anniversaries||17 March - St Patrick's Day|
|Colonel-in-Chief||HRH The Prince of Wales, KG, KT, GCB|
|Col (Retd) NCT Millen OBE|
|Maj Gen Patrick Cordingly DSO|
|Tactical Recognition Flash|
|Arm Badge||4/7 Dragoon Guards flash
From 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards
The Royal Dragoon Guards (RDG) is a cavalry regiment of the British Army. It was formed in 1992 by the amalgamation of two other regiments: The 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards and the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. The regiment currently serves as the Armoured Cavalry Reconnaissance unit of the 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade and is therefore equipped with the Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked) Scimitar and is based in Catterick Garrison, North Yorkshire. Today the RDG is an operationally experienced regiment having recently served in Iraq (Operation Telic 5 and 11), and Afghanistan (Operation Herrick 12 and 17).
The regiment recruits soldiers from the North of England and Ireland, but predominantly from Yorkshire.
The regiment was formed in 1992 by the amalgamation of two other regiments: The 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards and the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. The Royal Dragoon Guards has served in a variety of roles and theatres since its formation. Historically dragoons were flexible soldiers, who fought on and alongside their mounts.
- Northern Ireland
In February 1996, three squadrons of the regiment deployed to Northern Ireland as part of Operation Banner, the UK military support to the civil authorities in the province. Two squadrons were employed as infantry in Belfast and the third acted as a prison guard force at the infamous Maze Prison.
In the winter of 1997, A Squadron, RDG, deployed with their Challenger 1s tanks to Barice in Bosnia (Op Lodestar) with the 9th/12th Lancers Battle Group. They were subsequently moved to Mrkonjić Grad and were employed, primarily in Land Rovers, to monitor former wartime factions and inspect cantonment sites.
In early 2001 the regiment deployed as part of Operation Frescoe (Zulu) to Cumbria and Yorkshire, with specialist Royal Navy teams, to provide emergency fire and rescue cover when the fire brigade was carrying out a programme of industrial action.
The regimental Battle Group deployed to Iraq in 2004 (Operation Telic 5) and assumed control of the area south of Basra, close to the border with Kuwait. The main tasks were to mentor the newly formed Iraqi Police Force and provide security for the first presidential elections in the country since the US led invasion in 2003.
The regiment deployed again to Iraq towards the end of the United Kingdom's combat operations in 2007 (Op Telic 11), this time with Main Battle Tanks and Warrior Armoured Fighting Vehicles were called upon to support Iraqi led efforts to re-impose control in Basra (Operation Charge of the Knights). During this Operation Sergeant CP Richards was awarded the Military Cross for outstanding leadership and gallantry in the face of the enemy. As commander of the lead tank, working for Left Flank Company Group, Scots Guards Battle Group, he deployed on a joint arrest operation with Iraqi Security Forces in Al Quiblah, Basra. He fought his way through 5 improvised explosive device detonations, showing courageous restraint to minimise any civilian casualties, onto the target.
The regiment deployed to Afghanistan in the spring of 2010 (Operation Herrick 12) to assist in bringing stability to Central Helmand and to provide security for the country's second Presidential Elections. Squadrons from the Regiment provided protected mobility support in the Mastiff (also known as Cougar), Viking (Bv 206), Ridgeback and Warthog armoured vehicles and held ground in Nad Ali District Centre following Op Moshtorak. Tasks of these squadrons included: providing route security, assisting in reconstruction work and clearing insurgents from southern Nad Ali. The regiment had four men killed in action during the tour. Acting corporal Mathew Stenton, one of those killed, was posthumously awarded the Military Cross for bravery. As a Viking commander he moved his vehicle forward to engage insurgents to assist in the evacuation of a friendly casualty, his citation reads: “A/Cpl Stenton’s gallantry was of the very highest order and he made the supreme act of self-sacrifice to save a comrade’s life”.
The Regiment subsequently went on to complete a second tour of Afghanistan during Operation HERRICK 17 in 2013/14, this time in a dismounted role as the Police Mentoring and Advisory Group. The Regiment's role was to provide institutional and individual development advice and training to the Afghan National Police in Helmand. During this second tour The Royal Dragoon Guards also deployed a mounted manoeuvre squadron, operating on Warthog armoured vehicles.
Following the 2012 announcement of Army 2020 structures, the RDG has adopted an 'Armoured Cavalry' role equipped initially with Scimitar 2 - the latest iteration of the CVR(T) platform - and latterly with the SCOUT SV, later renamed as Ajax. The Regiment will remain based in Catterick - as announced by the Secretary of State for Defence in March 2013.
Squadrons and organisation
The Regiment has now been subject to changes implemented through the Army 2020 plan. Despite the re-rolling of the Regiment from heavy armour to a new capability of Armoured Cavalry, many of the traditions have been maintained. The five Squadrons of The Royal Dragoon Guards take their history and traditions from the four antecedent Regiments that make up the current Regiment. They are known as:
- Headquarters Squadron - "The Prince of Wales' Squadron"
- A Squadron - "The Blue Horse" From the 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards
- B Squadron - "The Black Horse" From the 7th Dragoon Guards (Princess Royal's)
- C Squadron - "The Black Dragoons" From The Inniskillings (6th Dragoons)
- D Squadron - "The Green Horse" From The 5th Dragoon Guards (Princess Charlotte of Wales's)
The Prince of Wales’ Squadron takes its title from the Colonel in Chief of the RDG, HRH The Prince of Wales. As an Armoured Cavalry Regiment, this Squadron provided the command, personnel and logistics support when deployed and as well as training support whilst in barracks. A number of departments make up the backbone of the Regiment:
- Regimental Headquarters, from where the Commanding Officer commands the Regiment.
- The Quartermaster (Main) provides logistical supply to the soldiers, notably food, clothing and ammunition.
- The Quartermaster (Technical) provide equipment support materiel, so critical to a vehicle mounted unit.
- A Light Aid detachment of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers to carry out repair of the Regiment's vehicles and weaponry.
- A detachment from the Adjutant General's Corps to provide personnel and pay support.
- The Training Wing plan and deliver individual employment training to ensure all personnel are current, competent and qualified to the highest standards.
Because of its lineage through the 5th Royal Inniskillings and the 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards—the 4th had been known as the 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards and the 7th also had Irish ancestry—the RDG retains strong links to Northern Ireland.
At the Battle of Dettingen, 27 June 1743, Cornet Richardson of Ligonier’s Horse, later the 7th Dragoon Guards, received 37 wounds while defending the Regimental Standard. The Regiment remembers the day with dinners in the Messes and a families weekend.
Captain L E G Oates, of the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons, became a legend of self-sacrifice when, as a member of Scott’s ill fated Antarctic Expedition of 1912, he chose to sacrifice himself rather than impede the progress of his comrades. The annual commemoration of Oates’ brave action takes place on the Sunday closest to St Patrick’s Day – the date of his birthday. It takes the form of a formal parade and church service, where the story of Oates is retold to inspire members of the Regiment.
St Patrick's Day – 17 March
St Patrick's Day is celebrated by the RDG in respect to the Irish traditions it possesses. The Day is a regimental holiday and starts with the Officers and Senior Non Commissioned Officers waking the men with bag pipes and ‘gunfire’ (tea laced with whiskey). A Regimental Lunch of Irish Stew is served and every member of the Regiment is presented with shamrock. This latter tradition has been maintained every year regardless of which theatre the Regiment is serving in.
The Regimental Flash
Flashes in Regimental colours were linked to regiments who were involved in the Second World War. The 4/7 DG first wore their flash in 1939 in Northern France in support of the British Expeditionary Force, one of the first armoured units to fight in the desperate but gallant withdrawal to Dunkirk and it is believed to be the first regiment to wear a Tactical Recognition Flash. The worsted material recognition flash came about following an order to remove badges of recognition from battle-dress to conceal regimental identity. The design was copied from the painted diamond flash in Regimental colours on the steel helmets. The order was later rescinded so back on went the collar-dogs and numerals but the cloth badge remained. The 13/18H later followed suit in 1940 with a blue and white flash.
The 4/7 DG Regimental flash was worn by all ranks from Warrant Officer Class 2 and below on BD/SDs upon the left arm 1" below the shoulder seam. (Or 1/8" below the formation badge when one was worn on BDs). The flash is still worn today by the Regiment on Service Dress.
The regiment's practice of wearing green trousers in various orders of dress (other than combat uniform) was inherited from the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards, which had adopted it as a former (eighteenth-century) custom of one of its precursors, 5th (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) Dragoon Guards ('the Green Horse').
Early Wars – Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde, Malplaquet, Dettingen, Warburg, Beaumont, Willems, Salamanca, Vittoria, Toulouse, Peninsula, Waterloo, South Africa 1846-47, Balaclava, Sevastapol, Tel el-Kebir, Egypt 1882, Defence of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899–1902.
The Great War – Mons le Cateau, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, La Bassee 1914, Messines 1914, Armentieres 1914, Ypres 1914, Ypres 1915, Givenchy 1914, St Julien, Frezenberg, Bellewaarde, Somme 1916, 1918, Bazentin, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Arras 1917, Scarpe 1917, Cambrai 1917 1918, St Auentin, Rosieres, Avre, Lys, Hazebrouck, Amiens, Albert 1918, Hindenburg Line, St Quentin Canal, Beaurevoir, Pursuit to Mons, France and Flanders 1914 – 18.
The Second World War – Dyle, Withdrawal to Escaut, St Omer-La Bassée, Dunkirk 1940, Normandy Landings, Odon, Mont Pincon, St Pierre la Vielle, Lisieux, Risle Crossing, Seine 1944, Nederrijn, Lower Maas, Geilenkirchen, Roer, Rhineland, Cleve, Rhine, Ibbenburen, Bremen, North West Europe 1940, 1944 – 45.
Royal Dragoon Guards Museum
The Regimental museum merged with the Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire museum to form the 'York Army Museum', on Tower Street, following a major refurbishment; and reopened in May 2015.
The regiment was based in Paderborn, Germany when it was formed in 1992, and was part of 20th Armoured Brigade. In 1996 it returned to the United Kingdom, being based at Tidworth. It returned to Germany in 2000, being based in York Barracks Münster as part of 4th Armoured Brigade (later 4 Mechanized Brigade).
- Colonel-in-Chief: HRH Prince Charles, The Prince of Wales
- Deputy Colonel-in-Chief: HRH Katharine, Duchess of Kent
- Freedoms: City of York, Enniskillen
|1881 Childers Reforms||1922 Amalgamations||1990 Options for Change - today|
|4th (Royal Irish) Dragoon Guards||4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards||Royal Dragoon Guards|
|7th (Princess Royal's) Dragoon Guards|
|5th (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) Dragoon Guards||5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards|
|6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons|
- Australia - 3rd/9th Light Horse (South Australian Mounted Rifles)
- Australia - 4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse
- Canada - The British Columbia Dragoons
- Canada - The Fort Garry Horse
- India - 9th Horse (The Deccan Horse)
- New Zealand - Queen Alexandra's Mounted Rifles
- Pakistan - 15th Lancers (Baloch)
- Royal Navy - HMS Superb
- Royal Navy - HMS Daring
- Belgium - Régiment des Guides
- France - 12e Régiment de Cuirassiers
Order of precedence
The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards
(Carabiniers and Greys)
|Cavalry Order of Precedence||Succeeded by
The Queen's Royal Hussars
(Queen's Own and Royal Irish)
- "Dragoon". Encyclopedia Britannica. 1911.
- Asquith, Stuart. Regiment Issue 34. Nexus Special Interests,1999, p. 61.
- Bournman, Chris. The Journal of the Royal Dragoon Guards 2002. Forces and Corporate Publishing Ltd. 2002, p. 3.
- Dangerfield, Rowley. The Journal of the Royal Dragoon Guards 2005. Forces and Corporate Publishing Ltd. 2005, p. 2.
- McDonough, Challis. “Security Clampdown Begins for Iraqi Election” VOA News. 29 January 2005.
- Lane, James. The Journal of the Royal Dragoon Guards 2009. Forces and Corporate Publishing Ltd. 2009, p. 12
- "Dragoon Gds Complete Op Certain Shield". Ministry of Defence. 28 January 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- Lane, James. The Journal of the Royal Dragoon Guards 2009. Forces and Corporate Publishing Ltd. 2009, p. 4
- "Royal Dragoon Guards Arrive in Afghanistan". Ministry of Defence. 4 May 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- "The Royal Dragoon Guards / Op HERRICK 12." The British Army's Website 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- Ministry of Defence (4 June 2010). "The First Line Of Medical Support Helmand." Military Operations News Articles. Retrieved 4 November 2010
- Ministry of Defence (18 August 2010). "British and Afghan Troops Keep Helmand Highway Open." Military Operations News Articles. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- Ministry of Defence (15 September 2010). "Cavalry Soldiers Protect Engineers Building New Helmand Road" Military Operations News Articles. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- Ministry of Defence (7 June 2010). "British Forces Push Back Taliban in Southern Nad Ali" Military Operations News Articles. Retrieved 4 November 10.
- "Military Operatoions". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 3 November 2010.
- Ministry of Defence (17 July 2010). "Sergeant David Thomas Monkhouse killed in Afghanistan - Fatality notice - GOV.UK". Mod.uk. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- Ministry of Defence (5 July 2010). "Trooper James Anthony Leverett killed in Afghanistan - Fatality notice - GOV.UK". Mod.uk. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- Ministry of Defence (19 June 2010). "Trooper Ashley David Smith killed in Afghanistan - Fatality notice - GOV.UK". Mod.uk. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- "Awards". Soldier Magazine. April 2011. Archived from the original on 29 September 2011.
- "The Prince of Wales presents operational service medals to the Royal Dragoon Guards". Duke and Duchess of Cambridge. 27 June 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
- "Regular army basing plan" (PDF). Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- Asquith, Stuart. Regiment Issue 34. Nexus Special Interests,1999.
- Asquith, Stuart. Regiment Issue 34. Nexus Special Interests,1999, p. 15.
- Asquith, Stuart. Regiment Issue 34. Nexus Special Interests,1999, p. 18.
- Chappell, p. 58
- RDG Museum website
- James, Denis, Journal of The Dragoon Guards. Forces and Corporate Publishing Ltd, 2009, p. 7.
- Royal Dragoon Guards Museum
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Royal Dragoon Guards.|
- British Army Locations from 1945 British Army Locations from 1945
- Official site
- Royal Dragoon Guards Museum
The RDG in Afghanistan