Royal Institute of Chemistry
The Royal Institute of Chemistry was a British scientific organisation.
Founded in 1877 as the Institute of Chemistry of Great Britain, its role was to focus on qualifications and the professional status of chemists, and its aim was to ensure that consulting and analytical chemists were properly trained and qualified. It awarded qualifications: AIC (Associate of the Institute of Chemistry) indicating full training, and FIC (fellow) indicating professional competence.
It received its first Royal Charter in 1885. As well as insisting on thorough professional qualifications, it also laid down strict ethical standards. Its main qualifications were Licentiate (LRIC) (professional training following a course of practical study to a standard lower than an honours degree), Graduate (GRIC) (completion of study equivalent to at least second class honours degree), Associate (ARIC) (LRIC plus professional experience), Member (MRIC) (GRIC plus professional experience) and Fellow (FRIC) (more experience and standing than MRIC) of the Royal Institute of Chemistry. Following a supplemental Charter in 1975, Members and Fellows were permitted to use the letters CChem (Chartered Chemist).
At the same time, the Chemical Society had concentrated on the science of chemistry, and publishing learned journals. In 1972 these two organisations, together with the Faraday Society and the Society for Analytical Chemistry, started the process of merger, becoming the Royal Society of Chemistry on 15 May 1980.
- Sir Edward Frankland: 1877–1880
- Sir Frederick Augustus Abel: 1880–1883
- William Odling: 1883–1888
- James Bell: 1888–1891
- William Augustus Tilden: 1891–1894
- William James Russell: 1894–1897
- Sir Thomas Stevenson: 1897–1900
- John Millar Thomson: 1900–1903
- David Howard: 1903–1906
- Percy Faraday Frankland: 1906–1909
- Sir George Thomas Beilby: 1909–1912
- Raphael Meldola: 1912–1915
- James Johnston Dobbie: 1915–1918
- Sir Herbert Jackson: 1918–1921
- Alfred Chapman: 1921–1924
- Professor George Gerald Henderson: 1924–1927
- Arthur Smithells: 1927–1930
- Sir George Christopher Clayton: 1930–1933
- Sir Jocelyn Field Thorpe: 1933–1936
- Sir Robert Howson Pickard: 1936–1939
- William Alexander Skeen Calder: 1939–1940
- Sir John Jacob Fox: 1940–1943
- Alexander Findlay: 1943–1946
- Gerald Roche Lynch: 1946–1949
- Sir James Wilfred Cook: 1949–1951
- Herbert William Cremer: 1951–1953
- Sir Harry Jephcott: 1953–1955
- Douglas William Kent-Jones: 1955–1957
- William Wardlaw: 1957–1958
- Ernest Le Quesne Herbert: 1959–1961
- Sir William Kershaw Slater: 1961–1963
- Harry Julius Emeleus: 1963–1965
- Sir Frank Hartley: 1965–1967
- Leslie Henry Williams: 1967–1970
- Sir Ewart Ray Herbert Jones: 1970–1972
- Frank Arnold Robinson: 1972–1974
- Charles Kemball: 1974–1976
- Charles Norman Thompson: 1976–1978
- Professor Richard Oswald Chandler Norman: 1978–1980
- "RSC Charter and By-laws" (PDF). Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- Chemists by profession. The origins of the Royal Institute of Chemistry, C. A. Russell, with N. G. Coley and G. K. Roberts, Milton Keynes, The Open University Press, in association with the Royal Institute of Chemistry, 1977 see review.
- History of Royal Society of Chemistry and the former societies