Royal Irish Regiment (1992)
|Royal Irish Regiment (27th (Inniskilling) 83rd, 87th and The Ulster Defence Regiment)|
|Active||1 July 1992–present|
|Role||1st Battalion – Light Mechanised|
2nd Battalion – Light infantry (Army Reserve)
|Part of||Scottish, Welsh and Irish Division|
|Garrison/HQ||RHQ – Holywood|
1st Battalion – Ternhill
2nd Battalion – Lisburn
|Motto(s)||"Faugh A Ballagh" (Irish)|
"Clear the Way"
|March||Quick – Killaloe|
Slow – Eileen Alannah
|Mascot(s)||Irish Wolfhound (Brian Boru X)|
|Anniversaries||Barrosa Day, 5 March; Somme Day, 1 July|
Sierra Leone Civil War
War in Afghanistan
|Colonel in Chief||The Duke of York|
|Major General Colin Weir DSO MBE|
|Commanding Officer 1st Battalion||Lt Col T Forrest|
|Lt Col Tim Collins OBE|
|Tactical Recognition Flash|
From Royal Irish Rangers
The Royal Irish Regiment (27th (Inniskilling), 83rd, 87th and The Ulster Defence Regiment) (R IRISH) is an infantry regiment of the British Army. The regiment was founded in 1992 through the amalgamation of the Royal Irish Rangers and the Ulster Defence Regiment. Their oldest predecessor, the 27th Regiment of Foot, was first raised in June 1689 to fight in the Williamite War in Ireland. Other notable regiments in their lineage include the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, Royal Irish Rifles and the Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's).
The motto of the regiment is Faugh A Ballagh (Modern Irish: Fág an Bealach), derived from the Irish Gaelic phrase for "Clear the Way". This originates from the Peninsular War when Ensign Edward Keogh of the 87th Regiment of Foot let out the cry while capturing a French Imperial Eagle at the Battle of Barrosa. The Regimental Headquarters of the Royal Irish Regiment has been Palace Barracks in County Down, Northern Ireland since moving there in 2008.
With an antecedence reaching back to 1688, the regiment was formed in 1992. The creation followed the Options for Change proposals which recommended the amalgamation of the Royal Irish Rangers and the Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR). Most of the membership of the new regiment came from the UDR. This produced an overwhelmingly Ulster Protestant regiment with eleven battalions:
- Regular Army – General Service
- 1st Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment
- 2nd Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment
- Territorial Army
- 4th Battalion, Royal Irish Rangers
- 5th Battalion, Royal Irish Rangers
- Regular Army – Northern Ireland Resident Battalions (Home Service)
- 3rd (County Down) Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment
- 4th (County Fermanagh and County Tyrone) Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment
- 5th (County Londonderry) Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment
- 6th (County Armagh) Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment (former 2nd/11th Battalion UDR)
- 7th (City of Belfast) Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment
- 8th (County Tyrone) Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment
- 9th (County Antrim) Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment
The Home Service battalions, permanently based in Northern Ireland, filled the role formerly occupied by the UDR, assisting the Royal Ulster Constabulary (with a focus on combating militant Irish republicanism), in Northern Ireland during Operation Banner. The 1st and 2nd Battalions could serve worldwide as general service battalions.
Because of its size, the regiment was removed from the King's Division and existed within its own division of infantry. In August 1993, the two regular battalions were amalgamated as the 1st battalion.
In 2000 in Sierra Leone, while deployed to train government troops, eleven Royal Irish soldiers and their local army liaison officer were kidnapped by the West Side Boys insurgents. Five hostages were later released and the remaining six were freed by the Special Air Service and The Parachute Regiment during Operation Barras, with the West Side Boys suffering severe casualties in the action.
The 1st Battalion deployed to Iraq at the beginning of Operation Telic in March 2003, where they carried out operations in the south of the country. Its now-retired commanding officer, Lieutenant Colonel Tim Collins was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire for distinguished service.
The number of Home Service battalions were reduced to three by April 2003:
- 2nd Battalion – amalgamation of 7th and 9th Battalions
- 3rd Battalion – amalgamation of 3rd and 8th Battalions
- 4th Battalion – amalgamation of 4th and 5th Battalions
In 2005, the Provisional Irish Republican Army announced an end to its armed campaign. In response the British government announced the end of Operation Banner, and with it the disbandment of the Home Service battalions. A redundancy package was announced in March 2006. The Home Service battalions were awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross (CGC) by the Queen in Belfast on 6 October 2006. The home service battalions were declared non-operational in October 2006, and disbanded in July 2007. At the same time, the Royal Irish Rangers, then serving as the TA battalion, was renamed as 2nd Battalion, Royal Irish Regiment.
The 1st Battalion returned from six months in Iraq on Op TELIC VI/VII in May 2006 having served in the Shaibah Logistics Base near Basra. Although the majority of the battalion was deployed around the MND(SE) area a single company was deployed to Baghdad.
Three platoons of the 1st Battalion (Barrosa, Somme and Ranger Platoons) deployed to Afghanistan in 2006, as part of 16 Air Assault Brigade and supported 3rd Parachute Regiment, the latter forming 9 Platoon, C Coy, 3 PARA. They were involved in some of the heaviest fighting during HERRICK IV. Lance Corporal Paul Muirhead, Lance Corporal Luke McCulloch and Fijian Ranger Anare Draiva were killed by the Taliban during HERRICK IV.
Both battalions deployed to Afghanistan in 2008, as part of 16 Air Assault Brigade. The 1st battalion provided Operational Mentoring and Liaison Teams (OMLTs) to assist in training the Afghan National Army (ANA) and Afghan National Police (ANP), and the 2nd battalion were the first Territorial Army company strength grouping to provide OMLT training from NATO forces. They were also the first TA Company to fully man Forward Operating Bases (FOBs) within the green zone. One company of the 1st Battalion, attached to 2 PARA, named Ranger Company, undertook offensive operations in the Sangin area of Helmand Province. The 1st Battalion lost Ranger Justin Cupples to an improvised explosive device (IED) during HERRICK VIII.
Both battalions again deployed with 16 Air Assault Brigade to Afghanistan on HERRICK XIII from September 2010. Based in the southern part of Helmand, they lost Lance Corporal Stephen McKee, Ranger Aaron McCormick and Ranger David Dalzell during HERRICK XIII.
- Corporal Trevor Raywood Coult, Military Cross
- Lieutenant Richard Gordon Deane, Military Cross.
- Lieutenant Colonel Colin Richard James Weir, MBE, Distinguished Service Order
- Lance Corporal Ratu Apenisa Qalitakivuna, Military Cross
- Acting Sergeant Alwyn John Stevens, Conspicuous Gallantry Cross
- Corporal Robert William Kerr McClurg, Conspicuous Gallantry Cross
- Lance Corporal Jone Bruce Toge, Conspicuous Gallantry Cross
- Captain Douglas Ricardo Beattie, Military Cross
- Captain David Bradley Rainey, Military Cross
- Sergeant Stephen McConnell, Military Cross
- Ranger Alan William Owens, Military Cross
Elizabeth Cross and Memorial Scrolls
In memory of a 2006 battle in the Afghan town of Musa Qala, a new Regimental March, composed by Chris Attrill and commissioned by Larne Borough Council, was given to the regiment on Saturday 1 November 2008 in Larne, County Antrim during an event in which the regiment was also presented with the 'Freedom of the Borough'. This gives the regiment the right to march through the town with "flags flying, bands playing and bayonets fixed". The March was named Musa Qala.
- Prince Andrew, The Duke of York, GCVO, ADC, who presented the regiment's colours to St Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh on 16 June 2001: there is a plaque commemorating this event in the south aisle.
Colonels of the regiment have been:
- 1992–1996: Gen. Sir Charles Richard Huxtable, KCB, CBE
- 1996–2001: Gen. Sir Roger Neil Wheeler, GCB, CBE
- 2001–2013: Lt-Gen. Philip Charles Cornwallis Trousdell, KBE, CB
- 2013–2018: Brig. Joseph S.S. O'Sullivan
- 2018–Present: Major General Colin Weir DSO MBE
Order of precedence
- United States – 101st Airborne Division
- Canada – The Princess Louise Fusiliers
- Canada – 2nd Battalion, Irish Regiment of Canada
- Australia – Adelaide University Regiment
- South Africa – Andrew Mlangeni Regiment
- Gibraltar – Royal Gibraltar Regiment
- Pakistan – 1st Battalion, Punjab Regiment
- Pakistan – 9th Battalion, Frontier Force Regiment
- Royal Navy – HMS Bulwark
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