Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment

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The Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment
RNZIRCapBadge.jpg
Active9 January 1947 – Present
Country New Zealand
BranchCrest of the New Zealand Army.jpg New Zealand Army
TypeLight infantry
SizeFive battalions
Garrison/HQ1st Battalion – Linton
2/1st Battalion – Burnham
2nd/4th Battalion
3rd/6th Battalion
5th/7th BattalionTrentham
Motto(s)Onward
March1st Battalion -
Quick – Sons of the Brave
Slow – Scipio
2/1st Battalion -
March on – Action Front
March past (quick) – The Great Little Army
March past (slow) – Scipio
March off – Army of the Nile
Commanders
Colonel-in-ChiefHM The Queen
Colonel of
the Regiment
Major General K.M. Gordon, CBE (Rtd)
Insignia
Tac SignRNZIR Tac-Sign.PNG
AbbreviationRNZIR

The Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment is the parent administrative regiment and corps of regular and reserve infantry battalions in the New Zealand Army. It was originally formed in 1947 with a singular Regular regiment and multiple reserve regiments. Over time, the regiments were turned into battalions, the reserve units amalgamated and more regular units raised and disbanded. Currently, the Regiment currently consists of two regular and three reserve battalions. Throughout its existence, units raised in this regiment have served and deployed on operations in Malaya, Vietnam, Borneo and various United Nations peacekeeping operations.

Structure[edit]

The Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment is the parent administrative unit of all infantry units in the New Zealand Army, and currently consists of two regular and three reserve infantry battalions:

Former battalions/regiments[edit]

Regiments[edit]

Battalions[edit]

  • 2nd Battalion (1947–48, 1959–63 and 1964–2013), linked to 4 RNZIR
  • 3rd Battalion (1947–48 and 1964–2013), linked to 6 RNZIR
  • 4th Battalion (1964–2013), linked to 2 RNZIR
  • 5th Battalion (1964–2013), linked to 7 RNZIR
  • 6th Battalion (1964–2013), linked to 3 RNZIR
  • 7th Battalion (1964–2013), linked to 5 RNZIR

History[edit]

Formation[edit]

The New Zealand Infantry Corps was formed on 9 January 1947, consisting of a single Regular infantry battalion, the New Zealand Regiment, and eleven Territorial Force(TF) Infantry Regiments.[1] However, The formation of the regular infantry battalion was only one in name and it was decided that the "1st New Zealand Regiment" should be held in abeyance until such a time that a "regular" battalion was raised. The New Zealand Infantry Corps was granted royal status in July 1947.[2]

In August 1947, the New Zealand Regiment was reorganised with the two infantry battalions in Jayforce joining the New Zealand Regiment, which led to the original regiment to be redesignated as the 1st Battalion. The Jayforce battalions (22nd and 27th Battalions, 2NZEF) were designated the 2nd and 3rd Battalion respectively.[3][4] The 2nd and 3rd Battalions were disbanded in 1948 following their return to New Zealand.[5][6] During 1948 amalgamations further reduced the TF infantry regiments to nine; with the Taranaki and Wellington West Coast regiments merging, alongside the Otago and Southland regiments being merged.

Cold War[edit]

Malaya[edit]

On 2 August 1957, official authority was granted to raise and train the first "regular" infantry battalion in New Zealand history. Under the command of Lt-Col W. R. K. Morrison DSO, the 1st New Zealand Regiment would be New Zealand's land force commitment to the British Commonwealth Far East Reserve. The 1st Battalion, The New Zealand Regiment was deployed to Malaya from October 1957 as part the 28th Commonwealth Infantry Brigade Group. Between 1958 and 1964 the NZ Regiment would rotate three battalions through Malaya.[7] The 1st Battalion, NZ Regiment, was deployed between the periods of 1957 to 1959 and 1961 to 1963, with the 2nd Battalion, NZ Regiment, was rotated in during 1959 to 1961 and 1963 to 1965; though the 1st Battalion Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment was formed on 1 May 1964.

This deployment would be unique in New Zealand military history, as it would be the first time that families would accompany a New Zealand overseas military deployment to an overseas location. In 1963, the 2nd Battalion now based in New Zealand was reorganised as a depot for the 1st Battalion (??-DB).[8]

Infantry reorganisation[edit]

On 1 April 1964, all units of the Royal New Zealand Infantry Corps were reorganised into the Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment and re-designated as;[9]

Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation[edit]

During the Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation which began on 20 January 1963, 1 RNZIR would be committed to the conflict from September 1964, seeing service in Mainland Malaysia and Borneo.

1 RNZIR would initially see action in September 1964 when Indonesian paratroopers landed in Johore, 1 RNZIR was one of the few Commonwealth units in the region and with the New Zealand government's permission hunted down the infiltrators. The following month, 52 Indonesian soldiers landed in Pontian on the Johore-Malacca border and were also captured by New Zealand soldiers. 1 RNZIR would later deploy to Borneo where they would combat Indonesian cross border infiltration. The Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation officially ended in May 1966.

Vietnam War[edit]

During the Vietnam War, 1 RNZIR which remained at Terendak Camp in Malaysia, would contribute a series of Rifle companies to serve with the 1st Australian Task Force (1 ATF) in South Vietnam.

Singapore[edit]

Having been based at Terendak Camp since 1961, 1 RNZIR relocated to Nee Soon Barracks on Singapore in December 1969. In 1971 the 28th Commonwealth Infantry Brigade Group would be disestablished and 1 RNZIR would come under the command of ANZUK Force. In June 1971 1 RNZIR would relocate from Nee Soon to Dieppe Barracks. In 1974 ANZUK Force was disbanded and 1 RNZIR became the Infantry component of the New Zealand Force South East Asia which it would remain a part of until 1989 when 1 RNZIR was redeployed to Linton Camp in New Zealand.[10]

Further regular battalions[edit]

In 1973, the Regimental Depot in Burnham Camp was predesignated as the 2/1st Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Battalion, creating for the first time since 1948 a second regular infantry battalion in the New Zealand Army. Today, the RNZIR has two regular battalions: the 1st Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment, and the 2/1st Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment. An additional battalion, known as the 3/1st Battalion RNZIR, was occasionally formed as a composite battalion from the Territorial Battalions during exercises.[11]

Peacekeeping[edit]

Somalia[edit]

In the first deployment of New Zealand combat troops to a war zone since the Vietnam War, 1 RNZIR contributed a rifle section to provide security for the New Zealand Supply Contingent in Somalia from July 1993. There would be two rotations with the final section departing Somalia in June 1994.[7]

Former Yugoslavia[edit]

Alongside troops from Queens Alexandra's Mounted Rifles (QAMR), 1 RNZIR and 2/ RNZIR would both contribute to the Mechanized Infantry Company Group that formed New Zealand's commitment to the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR). Serving as part of a British Battalion from 1994, two Company Group rotations would serve in the Former Yugoslavia.[7]

Recent history (2000–present)[edit]

Amalgamations[edit]

On 17 March 2013 the six TF battalions were amalgamated into the current three reserve battalions;

  • 2nd/4th Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment (2/4 RNZIR), from the 2nd Battalion (Canterbury and Nelson-Marlborough and West Coast), RNZIR, and the 4th Battalion (Otago and Southland) RNZIR
  • 3rd/6th Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment (3/6 RNZIR), from the 3rd Battalion (Auckland [Countess of Ranfurly's Own] and Northland), RNZIR, and the 6th Battalion (Hauraki) RNZIR
  • 5th/7th Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment (5/7 RNZIR),[12] from the 5th Battalion (Wellington West Coast and Taranaki) RNZIR, and the 7th Battalion (Wellington [City of Wellington's Own], Hawkes Bay) RNZIR.

Organisation[edit]

A New Zealand soldier fires a Canadian C7A2 service rifle during the US-NZ-CA joint Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) Exercise, July 2014
A member of 1 RNZIR in East Timor during 2007

In the New Zealand Army, an infantry platoon is commanded by a second lieutenant or a lieutenant with a Platoon Sergeant (holding the rank of sergeant), a Platoon Signaller and a medic (where relevant) comprising the Platoon Headquarters. The platoon is sub-divided into three sections of between 7–10 soldiers, each commanded by a corporal with a lance corporal as the Section second-in-command (Section 2iC). Each section can be sub-divided into two fire-teams, commanded by the Section Commander and 2iC respectively, as well as normal two-man Scout, Rifle and Gun Teams. In recent years the section organisation consists of the two fire team concept, where the section is divided into two fire teams with a Gun Team in each and one commanded by the section corporal and the other section lance corporal with a section marksmen in each team and the leftover riflemen divided equally among the two fire teams. The section corporal is still in overall command and is in contact with the other fire team via radio if the situation changes.

There are three platoons in a rifle company, which is commanded by a major, and three rifle companies within an infantry battalion, which is commanded by a lieutenant colonel. An infantry battalion will also contain an organic Support Company including a signals platoon, mortar platoon (mortars now officially under the artillery corps but still used by infantry on deployment), Direct Fire Support Weapons Platoon which includes anti-armor, heavy machine guns and automatic grenade launchers, Reconnaissance Platoon and Sniper cell, and a Logistics Company (transport and stores). The battalion totals around 400 to 500 soldiers depending on retention levels.

Theatre and battle honours[edit]

Regimental colour of the 2nd Battalion

Because it is recruited on a nationwide basis and has no specific regional links, the Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment claims descent from the old New Zealand Regiment and all previous Territorial Infantry Regiments of the New Zealand Army. As a consequence, it is permitted to display a selection of 105 battle honours awarded to ten separate regiments:

  • New Zealand
  • South Africa 1900–02
  • The Great War: Anzac, Gallipoli 1915, Somme 1916 '18, Messines 1917,Ypres 1917, Polygon Wood, Passchendaele, Arras 1918, Hindenburg Line, France and Flanders 1916–18
  • World War II: Greece 1941, Crete, Minqar Qaim, El Alamein, Takrouna, North Africa 1940–43, Cassino I, The Senio, Italy 1943–44, South Pacific 1942–44
  • South Vietnam 1967–71[Note 1]

Alliances[edit]

Notes[edit]

Footnotes

  1. ^ This is the only battle honour awarded to a New Zealand unit since 1945

Citations

  1. ^ "H-19 Military Forces of New Zealand, Annual report of the chief of the General Staff". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Archived from the original on 30 August 2019. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  2. ^ "H-19 Military Forces of New Zealand, Annual report of the chief of the General Staff". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Archived from the original on 12 July 2019. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  3. ^ Henderson 1958, p. 460.
  4. ^ Kay 1958, p. 514.
  5. ^ Haigh 1973, p. 75.
  6. ^ Mills, T.F. "Index of the Regiments and Corps of New Zealand". Land Forces of Britain, The Empire and Commonwealth. Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 1 January 2008. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
  7. ^ a b c McGibbon, Ian C.; Goldstone, Paul, eds. (2000). The Oxford companion to New Zealand military history. Auckland, N.Z.: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195583760. OCLC 44652805.
  8. ^ McGibbon 2000, p. 465.
  9. ^ Corbett, David Ashley (1980). The regimental badges of New Zealand, an illustrated history of the badges and insignia worn by the New Zealand Army (revised and enlarged ed.). Auckland: R. Richards. ISBN 0908596057. OCLC 14030948.
  10. ^ "New Zealand military base in Singapore". Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  11. ^ Lord & Tennant 2000, p. 115.
  12. ^ "Royal Guard to Mark TF Merger" (PDF). NZ Army News. New Zealand Army (440): 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 August 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Breen, Bob (1988). First to Fight: Australian Diggers, N.Z. Kiwis and U.S. Paratroopers in Vietnam, 1965–66. Australia: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 0-04-320218-7.
  • Lyles, Kevin (2004). ANZACs: Australian and New Zealand Troops in Vietnam 1962–72. United Kingdom: Osprey. ISBN 978-184-176702-4.