Royal North Shore Hospital
|Royal North Shore Hospital|
|Northern Sydney Local Health District|
|Location||St Leonards, Sydney, NSW, Australia|
|Care system||Public Medicare (AU)|
|Affiliated university||University of Sydney|
|Website||Royal North Shore Hospital|
|Lists||Hospitals in Australia|
The Royal North Shore Hospital (RNSH) is a major public teaching hospital in Sydney, Australia, located in St Leonards. It serves as a teaching hospital for Sydney Medical School at the University of Sydney and has approximately 600 beds. It is the referral hospital for Northern Sydney. Its primary referral area accommodates 5.7% of the Australian population or 17% of the NSW population.
The Royal North Shore Hospital (RNSH) is a leading tertiary teaching hospital of The University of Sydney (medicine, allied health), the Sydney University of Technology (nursing), and the Australian Catholic University. It is also a major Trauma Centre which provides specialised services in the areas of severe burns, neonatal intensive care, spinal cord injury and interventional radiology. The Kolling Institute of Medical Research is a health and medical research centre with a focus on research training.
It began as a cottage hospital located in Willoughby Rd, Crows Nest. The foundation stone was laid by Sir Henry Parkes, 18 June 1887. The hospital was opened with accommodation for fourteen patients, with the requisite office and rooms for the medical and nursing staff. Medical staff numbered four honorary doctors and nursing staff numbered five. The site of the original hospital was bounded by Willoughby Rd., Albany and Holterman Streets and Zig Zag Lane. The old site is now a busy part of the commercial centre of Crows Nest.
In 1902, it opened on its current site at St Leonards, with 48 beds available for patients. New departments and wards were added over the next fifty years, reflecting the increasing diversity and professionalisation of health care. Between 1935 and 1940, Polio treatment pioneer Sister Kenny Kenny travelled extensively throughout Australia helping to set up clinics. In the mid-thirties, she set up one of her pioneering clinics at RNSH. In 1940, the New South Wales government sent Kenny to America to present her clinical method for treating polio victims to American doctors. Doctors in Minnesota were with her work and convinced her to stay. Her treatments, which revolutionised the care of polio, caused as much controversy in the United States, as they had in Australia. Royal North Shore became a teaching hospital of the University of Sydney in 1947.
Currently, the RNSH is a 600-bed hospital situated in St Leonards on Sydney's lower North Shore about 6 km from Sydney's Central Business District, surrounded by suburbs with some of the most stunning harbour views of Sydney. RNSH provides care to the local community, the Northern Sydney Health area (population: 777,000), New South Wales and also to the Pacific Island nations.
There is currently 5,000 staff working at RNSH.
- Royal North Shore Hospital (RNSH) is a major teaching hospital located in the Northern Sydney Local Health District.
- RNSH provides local health services to four local government areas north of Sydney Harbour – Lane Cove, Mosman, North Sydney and Willoughby and Ryde.
- RNSH has statewide responsibilities in the provision of healthcare. It is one-of-six major trauma centres in NSW and is the only trauma centre capable of providing care for major burns, spinal injuries, and serious injuries during pregnancy. The RNSH emergency and trauma services are complemented by comprehensive intensive care and diagnostic clinical support services.
- RNSH is also a major referral and tertiary hospital for the area extending north of Sydney Harbour, up to the southern shore of Lake Macquarie, and west to Wiseman’s Ferry.
- RNSH caters for more than 1,110,600 people, which equates to 1 out of every 20 Australians, and 1 in 5 people living in NSW population.
- As a major teaching hospital, RNSH has acted as an education facility for University of Sydney undergraduate medical students for more than 60 years and acts as the main headquarters for the program’s Northern Clinical School. The hospital’s teaching program involves students of Allied Health and nursing students from University of Technology, Sydney.
- RNSH also provides facilities and support for postgraduate students, scientists and clinicians undertaking research programs in a variety of fields.
- The RNSH campus comprises the Acute Services Building (opened in 2012), the Douglas Building and The Clinical Services Building is due to open in December 2014.
- The overall area of the RNSH grounds is approximately 13 hectares, and 11.6 hectares in functional area. It is commonly known as the Royal North Shore Hospital Campus.
- RNSH currently has a maximum capacity to hold 420 acute medical and surgical beds. Overall, including acute overnight and day-only beds, it has a total of 600 beds.
- In 2010, there were 56,354 presentations to the Emergency Department and since the opening of the new Acute Services Building increased presentations have occurred with 61,739 patients requiring assessment and treatment in 2012/13.
- Approximately 3,000 babies are born annually at RNSH.
The Hospital has recently undergone redevelopment. Approval for construction was given in July 2000. The new clinical services building (The Douglas Building) was the first stage of the campus redevelopment. At the time the NSW government has allocated approximately A$450 million for this project, the largest in NSW Health history. This new development is intended to ensure the hospital maintains its role as a health care leader in Australia.
Funding and Resources
Following the case of patient Jana Horska, who suffered a miscarriage in the hospital's toilet as a result of lack of available beds and staff, the State Government established the Joint Select Committee on the Royal North Shore Hospital in the New South Wales Parliament on 23 October 2007, chaired by Christian Democrats leader Fred Nile MLC. The committee was formally established on 23 October 2007, and tabled its report on 20 December 2007. The report made 45 recommendations.
In early 2008, a Special Commission of Inquiry into Acute Care Services in NSW Public Hospitals was commissioned. This comprehensive and ground breaking commission became known as The Garling Report. It reported in November 2008. The NSW State Government responded in March 2009. It found a "prevalent" problem associated with the care of the deteriorating patient in NSW public hospitals. As a result, a statewide system of monitoring vital signs to detect deteriorating patients was introduced. This system includes red and yellow "Between the Flags" color-coded observation charts for recording a person's vital signs, allowing for easy visual recognition of deterioration. Observation charts have been developed for Adult, Pediatric, Maternity and Emergency patients. By 2012 it had been implemented in every public hospital in NSW.
- Sherrington, Geoffrey; Roger Vanderfield (1988). The Royal North Shore Hospital 1888 - 1988: A Century of Caring. Cammeray, Australia: Horwitz Grahame.
- Northern Sydney Central Coast Health. Royal North Shore Hospital. New South Wales Health Department. Accessed January 19, 2011. Available from nscchealth.nsw.gov.au/services/003700637.shtml
- Royal North Shore Hospital. Concept Plan. New South Wales Health Department. July 2006.
- Northern Clinical School. History of the Northern Clinical School. University of Sydney. Accessed January 19, 2011. http://sydney.edu.au/medicine/northern/about/history/index.php
- Joint Select Committee on the Royal North Shore Hospital (2007-12-20). "The Royal North Shore Hospital" (PDF). Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 2007-12-20.
- Garling Report, Terms of Reference