Royal Oak, New Zealand
Pharmacy at today's Royal Oak Roundabout in 1910
|Local authority||Auckland Council|
|Three Kings||Epsom||One Tree Hill|
It is named after the Royal Oak hotel that was located on the Royal Oak Roundabout. In 1909 the hotel lost its licence to sell alcohol. For many years it was a pharmacy before being used as the premises of Barfoot & Thompson Real Estate Agency. Royal Oak refers to the tree Charles II hid up during the Battle of Worcester to avoid capture.
In the middle of the Royal Oak Roundabout was once located the Seddon Memorial. Designed by John Park, a local architect who was also Mayor of Onehunga at one time, the structure was erected in memory of Prime Minister Seddon who died suddenly in office in 1906. Richard John Seddon (1845 - 1906) was immensely popular and there are several monuments to him around the country. The Royal Oak Monument was in the form of a Gothic Market Cross and was a combined tram shelter, gas lamp standard and drinking fountain.
By the middle of the 20th century it was decided that the memorial was an obstruction to traffic and it was removed during September and October 1947. The Royal Oak roundabout served six converging roads but one has been closed off in recent years.
Royal Oak Mall was expanded significantly in the 1980s to become a significant source of commerce in the area.
Royal Oak was once home to Boyd Zoo, one of the earliest Zoological Garden in New Zealand. It was opened in 1912 by local businessman (and future mayor of Onehunga) John James Boyd. It held 600 to 2000 specimens including several lions, bears, wolves, flamingos, and other exotic animals. Most of the animals were kept in relatively poor conditions. There was an abattoir on site where local stray animals such as horses and cats were slaughtered to be fed to the captive animals.
There is an often repeated tale of a lion escaping from the zoo and wandering around the streets of Onehunga, however this story is somewhat erroneous and misleading. The first appearance of the story was in a community newspaper in 1966. The most probable origin of the story was a lion cub which had gotten into a paddock of cows with calves around the Christmas of 1917. Rather than a wild lion roaming the streets, the small cub was backed into a corner of the paddock by the herd until it was lassoed and returned to its enclosure.
Although the zoo was popular with visitors, the noise and smell made it very unpopular with the locals. Boyd was engaged in a constant battle with the local council over the running of the zoo. Eventually, after several attempts to sell his animals to the council, the council finally reached an agreement with Boyd: 11 lions, 6 bears, and 2 wolves were sold to the council for £800. The animals were given to the newly established Auckland Zoo at Western Springs in 1922.
The Boyd Zoo site was later built on as a temporary hospital for American Marines in 1942, before being converted into Manukau Intermediate School (now renamed as Royal Oak Intermediate School).
The area is served by several state secondary schools including Epsom Girls Grammar, Auckland Grammar School, One Tree Hill College, St Peter's College, Onehunga High School, and Marcellin College. The local Primary School is Royal Oak Primary School, and Intermediate is Royal Oak Intermediate School.
- 2013 Census QuickStats about a place : Royal Oak
- Streets and Works Committee minutes, Onehunga Borough Council records, OHB 106/3; Onehunga Borough Council minutes, OHB 100/23; R. D. Baker, Borough Engineer, Report to the Streets and Works Committee, 31 October 1947, p. 2, Auckland Council Archives
- "KFC - Milestones", KFC. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- Whittaker, Emma. "Changing Times at Auckland Zoo". East Bays Courier. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
- Stock, Rob. "Throwing open the Pub Doors". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
- Hueber, Andre (9 August 2012). "Auckland Zoo's wild past". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
- Truttman, Lisa J. (2008). The zoo war : J.J. Boyd's Aramoho and Royal Oak zoos, 1908-1922. Auckland, N.Z: L.J. Truttman.