Ruahine (New Zealand electorate)

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Ruahine is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1978.

Population centres[edit]

Since the 1969 election, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, with continued faster population growth in the North Island leading to an increase in the number of general electorates. There were 84 electorates for the 1969 election,[1] and the 1972 electoral redistribution saw three additional general seats created for the North Island, bringing the total number of electorates to 87.[2] Together with increased urbanisation in Christchurch and Nelson, the changes proved very disruptive to existing electorates. [2] In the South Island, three electorates were abolished, and three electorates were newly created.[3] In the North Island, five electorates were abolished, two electorates were recreated, and six electorates were newly created (including Ruahine).[4]

The Ruahine electorate was located north-east of Palmerston North and followed the Ruahine Range. Settlements included in the electorate were Feilding, Cheltenham, Kiwitea, and Kimbolton.[5]

History[edit]

Les Gandar of the National Party had represented the Manawatu electorate since 1966 and when the Manawatu electorate moved to south of the Palmerston North electorate, Gandar stood in the newly created Ruahine electorate in 1972. He defeated Labour's candidate, T S Mihaere.[6]

The Ruahine electorate was absorbed into the new Rangitikei electorate in 1978. Gandar was defeated in 1978 general election in Rangitikei by Bruce Beetham.[7] Beetham had won the electorate in the Rangitikei by-election, held earlier in the year on 18 February 1978 after the death of Sir Roy Jack.[8] National planned that Gandar would take over the new electorate at the November general election, and stood an interim candidate, local Jim Bull, in the by-election. But, to general surprise, Beetham won the by-election for Social Credit.[9]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 National  

Election Winner
1972 election Les Gandar
1975 election
(Electorate abolished in 1978, see Rangitikei)

Election results[edit]

1975 election[edit]

General election, 1975: Ruahine[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Les Gandar 9,865 49.7 +3.1
Labour R J Willing 7,102 35.7
Social Credit Les Hunter 1,952 9.8 +2.7
Values George Serrallach 957 4.8
Majority 2,763 14.0 +10.7
Turnout 23,273 85.6 -4.4

1972 election[edit]

General election, 1972: Ruahine[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Les Gandar 7,653 46.6
Labour T S Mihaere 7,101 43.3
Social Credit Les Hunter 1,162 7.1
Values R H Layton 364 2.2
Liberal Reform A W Bartlett 66 0.4
New Democratic H E Edameades 66 0.4
Majority 552 3.3
Turnout 19,763 90.0

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  2. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 115.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 112, 116.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 111, 115.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 114.
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 198.
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 183, 198.
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 183.
  9. ^ Gustafson 1986, pp. 312f.
  10. ^ a b Norton 1988, pp. 341.

References[edit]

  • Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6. 
  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 266. OCLC 154283103. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.