Ruan Xian

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Ruan Xian
Rong Qiqi and Ruan Xian.JPG
Ruan Xian (right) and Rong Qiqi, in a relief dating from the 4th century
Weishi County, Henan
Other namesZhongrong (仲容)
  • Ruan Xi (father)
  • Ruan Yu (grandfather)
  • Ruan Ji (uncle)
Ruan Xian

Ruan Xian (fl. 3rd century), courtesy name Zhongrong, was a Chinese scholar who lived in the Six Dynasties period. One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, he was a skilled player of the Chinese lute, an old version of pipa which has been called ruan after his name since the Tang dynasty. His achievement in music reached such high as to be described as "divine understanding" in the Book of Jin. Ruan Xian had a Xianbei slave who gave birth to his son, Ruan Fu.[1]


  1. ^ Zhou, Mi; Weitz, Ankeney (2002). Ankeney; Weitz, eds. Zhou Mi's record of clouds and mist passing before one's eyes: an annotated translation. Volume 54 of Sinica Leidensia (illustrated, annotated ed.). Brill. p. 85. ISBN 90-04-12605-8. 331 Ruan Fu (278-326) was the son of Ruan Xian (one of the Seven Worthies of the Bamboo Grove) by a Xianbei slave. Ruan Fu's uncommon obsession for wooden clogs (ji) caused him to exhautst himself in waxing his many pairs.