|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 15th district
January 3, 1997
|Preceded by||Kika de la Garza|
August 20, 1940 |
|Alma mater||University of Texas-Pan American|
Rubén E. Hinojosa (born August 20, 1940) is the U.S. Representative for Texas's 15th congressional district, serving since 1997. He is a member of the Democratic Party. The district stretches from Seguin (east of San Antonio), to McAllen on the Mexican border. Much of the region is rural, although Hidalgo County is part of the third fastest growing metropolitan statistical area in the country. He serves on the Financial Services and Education committees.
Early life, education, and career
Hinojosa was born in Edcouch, Texas. The eighth of 11 children, Hinojosa was raised in Hidalgo County, which borders on Mexico, and earned two business degrees at the University of Texas. He earned his bachelor's degree in business administration from the University of Texas at Austin and his MBA from the University of Texas-Pan American. He served as president and chief financial officer of his family's food processing company, H&H Foods, for twenty years. President Reagan named H&H the “Number One Minority-Owned Business in America” in 1983. In 1987 the U.S. Small Business Administration named the Hinojosas “Minority Entrepreneur of the Year.”
By 1994, the company was one of the major employers in the Rio Grande area, with 350 employees, and had begun to produce ready-to-eat foods. In 2005 it had $40 million in revenue but had 270 employees.
In 1974, he was elected to the Texas State Board of Education, serving for ten years.
Hinojosa’s father and uncle founded H&H Foods in 1947 as a slaughterhouse. Control of the firm passed to himself and his brother, Liborio, in 1976. He gave up his executive position when he entered Congress, but remained a director and major stockholder.
U.S. House of Representatives
- Committee on Education and the Workforce
- Committee on Financial Services
After 32-year incumbent Kika de la Garza announced his retirement, Hinojosa won a five-way primary for the seat by only 588 votes. This practically assured him of being only the sixth person to represent this heavily Democratic, Latino-majority district. He defeated Republican Tom Haughey with 62% of the vote. He defeated Haughey again in 1998, winning 59% of the vote. In 2000 he took 89% of the vote, facing only independent Frank L. Jones III. In 2002, he was reelected unopposed. In 2004, Hinojosa faced Republican Michael Thamm in the redrawn District 15 and defeated the former major, winning with 59 percent of the vote. In the 2006 mid-term election he faced Paul Haring and Eddie Zamora, both Republicans. Hinojosa won 61 percent of the vote in the once-again redrawn district.
In the general election scheduled for November 4, 2014, Hinojosa again faces the Republican Eddie Zamora, who received 7,776 votes (54.9 percent) in the primary election held on March 4. Douglas A. "Doug" Carlile (born c. 1963) polled the remaining 6,393 ballots (45.1 percent).
Hinojosa has been called as a “hard-core liberal” and a “rank-and-file Democrat”. The 'That's My Congress' website has given Hinojosa a “Liberal Action Score” of 37/100 and a “Conservative Action Score” of 16/100 for his votes in the 112th Congress.
During the 111th Congress, Hinojosa voted with his party 99 percent of the time. He voted to extend the Patriot Act and supported the 2011 budget compromise. He voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, otherwise known as, "Obamacare", the American Clean Energy and Security Act, otherwise known as, “Cap and Trade”,  and the Troubled Asset Relief Program.
Hinojosa has emphasized assisting minorities and low-income Americans gain access to higher education. He has been especially active in supporting water-conservation projects along the Mexican border, and in replacing federal subsidies for student loans with direct government loans. Hinojosa and George Miller were responsible for constructing the 2008 Higher Education Opportunity Act, which increased the maximum Pell Grants available to low-income students and authorized additional funding for minority-serving schools.
He co-sponsored a 2010 bill for enhanced border security, but has opposed the construction of a wall along the border.
He has also been a very strong supporter of free-trade agreements, and was one of 15 House Democrats to vote for the 2005 Central American Free Trade Agreement.
Hinojosa supported the introduction, in 2010, of full-body scanners at Valley International Airport. He said that we need to take more precautions when it comes to public safety, and that the new technology “gives TSA employees a distinct advantage in the prevention of terrorist events.”
In June 2011, Hinojosa introduced legislation that would expand the authority of NADBank, which had already funded more than 100 projects to prevent the release of untreated sewage into the Rio Grande and other bodies of water, to finance infrastructure projects designed to enhance economic development along the border and raise environmental standards.
He has also supported measures to aid undocumented workers. He backed the “AgJobs” bill aimed at helping undocumented farm workers. He has been an advocate of the DREAM Act, which would provide citizenship to people who were brought to the U.S. as children by their parents. He cited his concern that these children came to the US alongside their parents and should not be faulted. Hinojosa argued that “[o]ur country is much better off by being able to let those children get a college education and serve in the military and contribute to the prosperity of our country.”
J. M. Lozano, Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives from Kingsville in Kleberg County, for a time worked on Hinojosa's staff in McAllen beginning in 2003. At the time Lozano was a Democrat.
Hinojosa is married to Martha Lopez Hinojosa and they have two daughters, Kaitlin and Karen. He has one son, Ruben Jr., and two daughters from a previous marriage.
Hinojosa declared personal bankruptcy in December 2010. He had $2.9 million in debts, mostly owed to Wells Fargo Bank. Hinojosa's bankruptcy stems from his personal guarantee of a loan made to his family's food processing company, H&H Foods.
- "Ruben Hinojosa (D-Tex.)". Washington Post. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
- Sean Gaffney (11 September 2008). "Court OKs debt plan for H&H Foods". Brownsville Herald.
- Kyle Arnold. "Mercedes' H&H Foods files for bankruptcy". Brownsville Herald.
- Kyle Arnold (4 January 2008). "Mercedes' H&H Foods files for bankruptcy". The Brownsville Herald. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
- Office of the Clerk: United States House of Representatives. "OFFICIAL ALPHABETICAL LIST OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES of the UNITED STATES ONE HUNDRED TWELFTH CONGRESS". Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- "Ourcampaigns.com". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 2014-08-10.
- "Republican primary election returns, March 4, 2014". enr.sos.state.tx.us. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- "Texas House: Ruben Hinojosa". On the Issues. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
- "Rep. Rubén Hinojosa". GovTrack.
- "Rep. Ruben Honojosa". GovTrack. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
- "Democratic Representative Rubén Hinojosa of Texas". That's my Congress. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
- Gabriel Saldana (5 June 2012). "Valley International Airport to get full-body scanners". Brownsville Herald.
- Jared Janes (25 June 2011). "Wastewater projects improve Rio Grande water quality". Brownsville Herald.
- "The DREAM Act offers hard-working students a path to citizenship (Rep. Rubén Hinojosa)". TheHill. 2010-09-21. Retrieved 2014-08-10.
- Neil Morton (24 July 2011). "Hinojosa, Hispanic Tea Party support DREAM Act". The Brownsville Herald. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
- "J. M. Lozano". ballotpedia.org. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- Congressman Rubén Hinojosa official U.S. House site
- Rubén Hinojosa for Congress
- Rubén Hinojosa at DMOZ
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
|United States House of Representatives|
Kika de la Garza
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 15th congressional district
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Representatives by seniority