|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 15th district
January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2017
|Preceded by||Kika de la Garza|
|Succeeded by||Vicente González|
August 20, 1940 |
Edcouch, Texas, U.S.
|Education||Texas A&M University, Kingsville
University of Texas, Austin (BBA)
University of Texas, Pan American (MBA)
Rubén Eloy Hinojosa (born August 20, 1940) is a former U.S. Representative for Texas's 15th congressional district, serving from 1997 to 2017. He is a member of the Democratic Party. The district stretches from Seguin (east of San Antonio), to McAllen on the Mexican border. Much of the region is rural although Hidalgo County is part of the third fastest-growing metropolitan statistical area in the country. Hinojosa served on the House Financial Services and Education committees.
Early life, education, and career
Hinojosa was born in Edcouch, Texas. The eighth of eleven children, Hinojosa was reared in Hidalgo County, which borders on Mexico, and earned two business degrees, a Bachelor of Business Administration from the University of Texas at Austin and his MBA from the University of Texas-Pan American. For two decades, he was the president and chief financial officer of his family's food processing company, H&H Foods. U.S. President Ronald Reagan named H&H the “Number One Minority-Owned Business in America” in 1983. In 1987, the U.S. Small Business Administration named the Hinojosas “Minority Entrepreneur of the Year.”
By 1994, the company was one of the major employers in the Rio Grande area, with 350 employees, and had begun to produce ready-to-eat foods. In 2005, it had $40 million in revenue and 270 employees.
In 1974, Hinojosa was elected to the Texas State Board of Education, a position which he held for ten years.
Hinojosa’s father and uncle founded H&H Foods in 1947 as a slaughterhouse. Control of the firm passed in 1976 to himself and his brother, Liborio. He gave up his executive position when he entered Congress, but remained a director and major stockholder.
U.S. House of Representatives
- Committee on Education and the Workforce
- Committee on Financial Services
After 32-year incumbent Kika de la Garza announced his retirement, Hinojosa won a five-way primary for the seat by only 588 votes. This practically assured him of being only the sixth person to represent this heavily Democratic, Latino-majority district. He defeated Republican Tom Haughey with 62 percent of the vote. He defeated Haughey again in 1998, winning 59 percent of the vote. In 2000, he took 89 percent of the vote against the Independent Frank L. Jones, III. In 2002, he was unopposed. In 2004, Hinojosa faced Republican Michael Thamm in the redrawn District 15 and defeated the former major, winning 59 percent of the vote. In the 2006 mid-term election he faced Paul Haring and Eddie Zamora, both Republicans. Hinojosa won 61 percent of the vote in the once-again redrawn district.
In the general election held on November 4, 2014, Hinojosa squared off once again with the Republican Eddie Zamora, who received 7,776 votes (54.9 percent) in the primary election held on March 4. Douglas A. "Doug" Carlile (born c. 1963) polled the remaining 6,393 Republican ballots (45.1 percent).
Hinojosa did not seek an eleventh term in the House in 2016. Democrats Vicente Gonzalez and Juan "Sonny" Palacios, Jr., met in the May 24 runoff election to select a nominee to succeed Hinojosa. Gonzalez led in the March 1 primary with 22,122 votes (42.2 percent); Palacios trailed with 9,907 votes (18.9 percent). The remaining 28.9 percent of the vote was shared by four other candidates. 
Three Republicans contested the seat in the primary election. Tim Westley, a pastor of Shepherd's Vineyard Christian Church in San Antonio who carried the backing of the Tea Party movement, led the field with 13,153 votes (45.3 percent). He faced a runoff on May 24 with Ruben O. Villarreal, who received 9,131 votes (31.5 percent); the third-place candidate, Xavier Salinas, drew a critical 6,730 votes (23.2 percent). Villarreal is the mayor of Rio Grande City, a non-partisan position, in heavily Democratic Starr County.
Three candidates, Democrat Vicente Gonzalez, Republican Tim Westley and Green Vanessa Tijerina, competed in the November 8, 2016, general election for the right to succeed Hinojosa.
In 2016 it was revealed he was one of 9 members of Congress who took a trip secretly funded by the government of Azerbaijan and had to turn over gifts the country gave him to the House Clerk after an ethics investigation.
Hinojosa has been called a “hard-core liberal” and a “rank-and-file Democrat”. The 'That's My Congress' website has given Hinojosa a “Liberal Action Score” of 37/100 and a “Conservative Action Score” of 16/100 for his votes in the 112th Congress.
During the 111th Congress, Hinojosa voted with his party 99 percent of the time. He voted to extend the Patriot Act and supported the 2011 budget compromise. He voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Obamacare), the American Clean Energy and Security Act, otherwise known as “Cap and Trade”, and the Troubled Asset Relief Program.
Hinojosa has emphasized assisting minorities and low-income Americans gain access to higher education. He has been especially active in supporting water-conservation projects along the Mexican border, and in replacing federal subsidies for student loans with direct government loans. Hinojosa and George Miller were responsible for constructing the 2008 Higher Education Opportunity Act, which increased the maximum Pell Grants available to low-income students and authorized additional funding for minority-serving schools.
He co-sponsored a 2010 bill for enhanced border security, but has opposed the construction of a wall along the border.
He has also been a very strong supporter of free-trade agreements, and was one of 15 House Democrats to vote for the 2005 Central American Free Trade Agreement.
In 2010, Hinojosa supported the introduction of full-body scanners at Valley International Airport. He said that we need to take more precautions when it comes to public safety, and that the new technology “gives TSA employees a distinct advantage in the prevention of terrorist events.”
In June 2011, Hinojosa introduced legislation that would expand the authority of NADBank, which had already funded more than 100 projects to prevent the release of untreated sewage into the Rio Grande and other bodies of water, to finance infrastructure projects designed to enhance economic development along the border and raise environmental standards.
He has also supported measures to aid undocumented workers. He backed the “AgJobs” bill aimed at helping undocumented farm workers. He has been an advocate of the DREAM Act, which would provide citizenship to people who were brought to the U.S. as children by their parents. He cited his concern that these children came to the US alongside their parents and should not be faulted. Hinojosa argued that “[o]ur country is much better off by being able to let those children get a college education and serve in the military and contribute to the prosperity of our country.”
J. M. Lozano, Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives from Kingsville in Kleberg County, for a time worked on Hinojosa's staff in McAllen beginning in 2003. At the time Lozano was a Democrat.
Three candidates, Democrat Vicente Gonzalez, Republican Tim Westley and Green Vanessa Tijerina competed in the November 8, 2016, general election for the right to succeed Hinojosa. Gonzalez won his nomination, 66 to 34 percent, in a runoff against Juan "Sonny" Palacios, Jr. Westley narrowly defeated fellow Republican Ruben O. Villarreal with 51.6 percent of the ballots cast.
Hinojosa is married to Martha Lopez Hinojosa and they have two daughters, Kaitlin and Karen. He has one son, Ruben Jr., and two daughters from a previous marriage.
Hinojosa filed for personal bankruptcy in December 2010. He blamed the bankruptcy on a loan made to his family's food processing company, H&H Foods that left him owing $2.6 million to Wells Fargo Bank.
- "Ruben Hinojosa (D-Tex.)". Washington Post. July 24, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- Sean Gaffney (September 11, 2008). "Court OKs debt plan for H&H Foods". Brownsville Herald.
- Kyle Arnold. "Mercedes' H&H Foods files for bankruptcy". Brownsville Herald.
- Kyle Arnold (January 4, 2008). "Mercedes' H&H Foods files for bankruptcy". The Brownsville Herald. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- Office of the Clerk: United States House of Representatives. "OFFICIAL ALPHABETICAL LIST OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES of the UNITED STATES ONE HUNDRED TWELFTH CONGRESS". Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- "Ourcampaigns.com". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved August 10, 2014.
- "Republican primary election returns, March 4, 2014". enr.sos.state.tx.us. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
- "Democratic primary returns". Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
- "Republican returns". Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
- Aaron Nelsen, "Hinojosa becomes emotional while announcing retirement, San Antonio Express-News|date=November 14, 2015, pp. A3-A4
- Dickson, Rebecca (June 16, 2016). "Lawmakers turned over gifts after secretly funded trip to Azerbaijan". TheHill. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- "Texas House: Ruben Hinojosa". On the Issues. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "Rep. Rubén Hinojosa". GovTrack.
- "Rep. Ruben Honojosa". GovTrack. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "Democratic Representative Rubén Hinojosa of Texas". That's my Congress. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- Gabriel Saldana (June 5, 2012). "Valley International Airport to get full-body scanners". Brownsville Herald.
- Jared Janes (June 25, 2011). "Wastewater projects improve Rio Grande water quality". Brownsville Herald.
- "The DREAM Act offers hard-working students a path to citizenship (Rep. Rubén Hinojosa)". TheHill. September 21, 2010. Retrieved August 10, 2014.
- Neil Morton (July 24, 2011). "Hinojosa, Hispanic Tea Party support DREAM Act". The Brownsville Herald. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "J. M. Lozano". ballotpedia.org. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- House dem files for bankruptcy
- McCutcheon, Michael; Barone, Chuck (2013). 2014 Almanac of American Politics. The University of Chicago Press.
- Rubén Hinojosa at DMOZ
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Kika de la Garza
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 15th congressional district
|Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus