|Malus domestica 'Civni'|
|Hybrid parentage||'Elstar' × 'Gala'|
The 'Civni' apple, marketed as "Rubens", is a bicolored apple cultivar. It was first developed in 1985 as a cross of 'Gala' and 'Elstar' apples by the Consorzio Italiano Vivaisti, an Italian apple growers' consortium from Ferrara. They were granted a patent on the 'Civni' variety in 2003.
The apple has a striking, striped or solid, light red color. Its taste is sweet like that of 'Gala', but more aromatic; its texture is more solid and crunchy than that of 'Elstar'.
As of 2007, the apple was grown on about a million trees in Europe, as well as in Chile, South Africa, and the United States. It has a yield between 80 and 100 tonnes per hectare. The 'Civni' cultivar is not to be confused with the Dutch "Rubens" apple, which is a cross of 'Cox's Orange Pippin' and 'Reinette étoilée'.
- Rubens apples, a promotional website dedicated to the cultivar
- Baab, Gerhard (2004). "Apfel Clubsorten – wo bleibt der Obstbauer? Vortrag anlässlich des 24. Bundesseminars Kernobst vom 17. - 19.02.2004 in Oppenheim" (in German). Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- "Patent USPP14177 Apple tree named "Civni"".
- "Collett signs up for Rubens". Freshinfo. 8 March 2007. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- "Rubens apple". OrangePippin.com. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
|This fruit-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|