Rubjerg Knude lighthouse

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Coordinates: 57°26′58″N 9°46′31″E / 57.44944°N 9.77528°E / 57.44944; 9.77528

Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse
Lighthouse Rubjerg Knude, Denmark, 2004 ubt.jpeg
Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse
Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse is located in Denmark
Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse
Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse
Denmark
Location Rubjerg. Hjørring Municipality
Denmark
Coordinates 57°26′56″N 9°46′28″E / 57.448939°N 9.774377°E / 57.448939; 9.774377
Year first constructed 1900
Deactivated 1968
Construction masonry tower
Tower shape square prism tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white tower, red lantern
Height 23 metres (75 ft)
Focal height 90 metre Edit this on Wikidata
ARLHS number DEN-036
Managing agent Vendsyssel Historiske Museum[1]

Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse (Danish: Rubjerg Knude Fyr) is located on the coast of the North Sea in Rubjerg, in the Jutland municipality of Hjørring in northern Denmark. It was first lit on December 27, 1900.[2] Construction of the lighthouse began in 1899.

The lighthouse is on the top of Lønstrup Klint (cliff), 60 metres (200 ft) above sea level. Until 1908 it operated on gas which it produced from a gasworks on the site.[3]

Both shifting sands and coastal erosion are a serious problem in the area. The coast is eroded on average 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) a year, which can be seen most clearly at the nearby Mårup Church.[2] Built around 1250, the church was originally 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) from the coast,[4] but was dismantled in 2008 to prevent its falling into the sea.

The lighthouse ceased operating on August 1, 1968.[3][5] For a number of years, the buildings were used as a museum and coffee shop, but continually shifting sands caused them to be abandoned in 2002.[3] By 2009, the small buildings were severely damaged by the pressure of the sand[5] and were later removed. It is expected that the tower will fall into the sea by 2023.[6]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Denmark: West Coast". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved January 16, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Rubjerg Knude området, Vendsyssel Historiske Museum, Miljøministeriet Naturstyrelsen Vendsyssel (in Danish)
  3. ^ a b c Description of lighthouse Danish Museums Online. Retrieved September 6, 2011
  4. ^ Mårup Church's history Vendsyssel Historiske Museum, Hjørring, Denmark. Retrieved September 8, 2011
  5. ^ a b Description of lighthouse Lighthouse Duo. Retrieved September 6, 2011
  6. ^ Graham, Adam H. (31 December 2012). "The world's most mysterious buildings". cnn.com. CNN. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 

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