Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse

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Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse
Lighthouse Rubjerg Knude, Denmark, 2004 ubt.jpeg
The lighthouse in 2004
Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse is located in Denmark
Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse
Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse
Denmark
LocationRubjerg, Hjørring Municipality, Denmark
Coordinates57°26′56″N 9°46′28″E / 57.448903°N 9.77433657°E / 57.448903; 9.77433657Coordinates: 57°26′56″N 9°46′28″E / 57.448903°N 9.77433657°E / 57.448903; 9.77433657
Year first constructed1900
Deactivated1968
Constructionmasonry tower
Tower shapesquare tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / patternwhite tower, red lantern
Tower height23 metres (75 ft)
Focal height90 metre Edit this on Wikidata
CharacteristicFl(1+2)W.30s Edit this on Wikidata
ARLHS numberDEN-036
Managing agentVendsyssel Historiske Museum[1]

Rubjerg Knude Lighthouse (Danish: Rubjerg Knude Fyr) is on the coast of the North Sea in Rubjerg [da], in the Jutland municipality of Hjørring in northern Denmark. It was first lit on 27 December 1900.[2] Construction of the lighthouse began in 1899.

Description and history[edit]

The lighthouse is on the top of Lønstrup Klint (cliff), 60 metres (200 ft) above sea level. Until 1908 it operated on gas which it produced from a gasworks on the site.[3]

Shifting sands and coastal erosion are a serious problem in the area. The coast is eroded on average 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) a year, which can be seen most clearly at the nearby Mårup Church.[2] Built around 1250, the church was originally 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) from the coast,[4] but was dismantled in 2008 to prevent its falling into the sea.

The lighthouse ceased operating on 1 August 1968.[3][5] For a number of years, the buildings were used as a museum and coffee shop, but continually shifting sands caused them to be abandoned in 2002.[3] By 2009, the small buildings were severely damaged by the pressure of the sand[5] and were later removed.

It was expected that the tower would fall into the sea by 2023; however, works to relocate the lighthouse started on 14 August 2019,[6] and on 22 October 2019 the 23 metres (75 ft) high lighthouse, weighing 720 tonnes, was moved 70 m (230 ft) inland on specially built rails. The cost of the move was 5 million Danish kroner (£0.6m; €0.7m; $0.75m) and was paid by Hjorring Council with government funding. The move is expected to secure the future of the lighthouse at least until around 2060.[7][8]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Denmark: West Coast". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b Rubjerg Knude området, Vendsyssel Historiske Museum, Miljøministeriet Naturstyrelsen Vendsyssel (in Danish)
  3. ^ a b c Description of lighthouse Archived 2 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine Danish Museums Online. Retrieved 6 September 2011
  4. ^ Mårup Church's history Archived 31 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine Vendsyssel Historiske Museum, Hjørring, Denmark. Retrieved 8 September 2011
  5. ^ a b Description of lighthouse Archived 9 January 2006 at the Wayback Machine Lighthouse Duo. Retrieved 6 September 2011
  6. ^ Graham, Adam H. (31 December 2012). "The world's most mysterious buildings". cnn.com. CNN. Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2012.
  7. ^ "LIVE-TV Rubjerg Knude Fyr lander". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  8. ^ "Lighthouse saved from falling into sea with skates". BBC News online. 22 October 2019. Retrieved 22 October 2019.

== External links ==