Rubus arcticus

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Rubus arcticus
Rubus arcticus.jpg
From "Bilder ur Nordens Flora" (1917–1926)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Rubus
Species:
R. arcticus
Binomial name
Rubus arcticus
L. 1753
Subspecies[1]
  • R. arcticus subsp. arcticus
  • R. arcticus subsp. acaulis
  • R. arcticus subsp. stellatus
Synonyms[2]
  • Cylastis arcticus (L.) Raf. ex B.D.Jacks.
  • Rubus arcticus subsp. humilis (Gladkova) Krassovsk.
  • Rubus arcticus var. humilis Gladkova
  • Rubus arcticus var. pentaphylloides Hult.
  • Manteia acaulis (Michx.) Raf.
  • Rubus acaulis Michx.
  • Manteia stellata (Sm.) Raf.
  • Rubus arcticus var. stellatus (Sm.) B.Boivin
  • Rubus stellatus Sm.

Rubus arcticus, the Arctic bramble[3] or Arctic raspberry,[4][5] is a species of slow-growing bramble belonging to the rose family, found in arctic and alpine regions in the Northern Hemisphere.

Description[edit]

Rubus arcticus grows most often in acidic soils rich in organic matter. It is a thornless perennial up to 30 centimetres (12 inches) tall, woody at the base but very thin farther above the ground. flowers are in groups of 1–3, the petals pink, red, or magenta. The fruit is deep red or dark purple, with an unusual hardiness to frost and cold weather conditions.[1][6]

Ripe Arctic raspberry

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It grows in Alaska, northern Scandinavia and Finland, Russia, Poland, Belarus, Mongolia, northeastern China, North Korea, Estonia, Lithuania, Canada, and the northern United States as far south as Oregon, Colorado, Michigan, and Maine.[7][8][9]

Uses[edit]

The fruits of the Arctic raspberry are very tasty and, among other uses, make jam and liqueur, or flavour tea. Carl von Linné considered the Arctic raspberry – åkerbär in Swedish[7] – a great delicacy in his Flora Lapponica (1737). Also used in Smirnoff Ice and North, and Lignell & Piispanen's Mesimarjalikööri, and Wine fruit of Arctic RaspBerry (Central Arctic in Adub).

Its dark red fruit is considered a delicacy. In the Pacific Northwest of western Canada and the northwestern US, it is sometimes called the nagoon or nagoonberry, a name which derives from the Tlingit neigóon. A measure of the quality of its fruit is expressed in its Russian name княженика knyazhenika, signifying the "berry of princes".

Culture[edit]

Arctic raspberry is the provincial plant of the Norrbotten province of northern Sweden.[10][11][12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Alice, Lawrence A.; Goldman, Douglas H.; Macklin, James A.; Moore, Gerry (2014). "Rubus arcticus". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). Vol. 9. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  2. ^ "Rubus arcticus L.". Richard Pankhurst et al. Royal Botanic Gardens Edinburgh – via The Plant List.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  3. ^ BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  4. ^ Lee, Sangtae; Chang, Kae Sun, eds. (2015). English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. p. 611. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Retrieved 7 March 2019 – via Korea Forest Service.
  5. ^ USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Rubus arcticus". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
  6. ^ Lu, Lingdi; Boufford, David E. "Rubus arcticus". Flora of China. Vol. 9 – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  7. ^ a b "Rubus arcticus L. - Åkerbär". Den Virtuella Floran (in Swedish). Naturhistoriska riksmuseet. 1996: description, ecological information, photos.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  8. ^ "Rubus arcticus". State-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
  9. ^ "Rubus arcticus : Nagoon Berry". Central Yukon Species Inventory Project (CYSIP). Friends of Dempster Country; includes photos, description, line drawing, global distribution map.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  10. ^ "Rubus arcticus". Plants for a Future.
  11. ^ "Berry Crops". Inverness, Scotland: University of the Highlands and Islands. Archived from the original on 2006-08-18.
  12. ^ Karp, K.; Starast, M.; Värnik, R. (1997). "The arctic bramble (Rubus arcticus L.) – the most profitable wild berry in Estonia" (PDF). Baltic Forestry. 2: 47–52; in English with summary in Russian.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)

External links[edit]