Rubus argutus

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Rubus argutus fruits

Rubus argutus
Starr 010423-0032 Rubus argutus.jpg

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Rubus
Species:
R. argutus
Binomial name
Rubus argutus
Link. 1822
Synonyms[1]

Rubus argutus is a North American species of prickly bramble in the rose family. It is a perennial native to the eastern and south-central United States from Florida to Texas, Missouri, Illinois, and Maine.[2] Common names are sawtooth blackberry[3] or tall blackberry because of its habit of growing up to 2 meters (80 inches) in height.[4]

Rubus argutus can be identified by a number of characteristics. These plants are typically woody shrubs or vines with thorns present on stems, leaves, and flowers. Leaves are alternate and palmately compound. First-year plants have palmate leaves with 5 leaflets while second-year plants have palmate leaves with 3 leaflets. Second-year plants develop racemes of flowers each containing five to twenty flowers. [5] The flowers are typically 5-merous with large, white petals and light green sepals, borne in mid-spring. [6] Second-year plants are also capable of growing the fruit which gives the plant's common name, the blackberry. The fruits are compound drupes which change from bright red to black at maturity. Each section (drupelet) of a blackberry contains a single seed. Second year plants die after bearing fruits, but regrow from the underground portion of the plant.

Blackberry leaves were in the official U.S. pharmacopoeia for a long time and were said to treat digestive problems, particularly diarrhea. Their dried leaves make an excellent tea even when you're healthy.[7]

There are many different species of blackberries - all edible - and they don't all look the same. Some are small, while others are large. [8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List, Rubus argutus Link
  2. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  3. ^ "Rubus argutus". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
  4. ^ Rydberg, Per Axel 1901. in Britton, Nathaniel Lord, Manual of the Flora of the northern States and Canada 498
  5. ^ "Highbush Blackberry" Illinois Wildflowers.
  6. ^ "The Blackberries of New England", Journal of The New England Botanical Club.
  7. ^ Antioxidants, DEANE in; Raw, Edible; Fruits/Berries; Herb, Greens/Pot; Acids, Omega 3 Fatty; plants; Vines (2014-05-07). "Blackberries, A Forager's Companion". Eat The Weeds and other things, too. Retrieved 2019-07-04.
  8. ^ Bennett, Chris (2015-04-22). Southeast Foraging: 120 Wild and Flavorful Edibles from Angelica to Wild Plums. Timber Press. ISBN 9781604694994.

External links[edit]