Ruby-throated bulbul

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Ruby-throated bulbul
Pycnonotus dispar, captive, Miami Metrozoo, Florida, USA.jpg
Miami Metrozoo, Florida
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pycnonotidae
Genus: Pycnonotus
Species: P. dispar
Binomial name
Pycnonotus dispar
(Horsfield, 1821)
  • Pycnonotus melanicterus dispar
  • Turdus dispar
  • Rubigula dispar

The ruby-throated bulbul (Pycnonotus dispar), or yellow bulbul, is a member of the bulbul family of passerine birds. It is found on Sumatra, Java, and Bali.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The ruby-throated bulbul was originally described in the genus Turdus. Until 2008, the ruby-throated bulbul was considered as conspecific with the black-capped, black-crested, flame-throated and Bornean bulbuls. Some authorities have considered the ruby-throated bulbul to be a subspecies of the black-capped bulbul.[2]


It is virtually crestless, has a deep red throat and reddish eyes.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

This is a bird of forest and dense scrub.

Behaviour and ecology[edit]

It builds its nest in a bush; two to four eggs is a typical clutch. The ruby-throated bulbul feeds on fruit and insects.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Pycnonotus dispar". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T103827052A104338311. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T103827052A104338311.en. Retrieved 15 January 2018. 
  2. ^ "Species Version 1 « IOC World Bird List". Retrieved 2017-03-11. 
  • Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. (2005). Birds of South Asia. The Ripley Guide. Volume 2: Attributes and Status. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona