Ruckus Networks

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Ruckus Networks
FormerlyRuckus Wireless, Video54 Technologies, SCEOS
Industry
FoundedJune 17, 2004; 17 years ago (2004-06-17)
FounderWilliam Kish, Victor Shtrom
Headquarters
United States of America
Area served
Worldwide
ProductsHardware, software, and services to telecommunications service providers and enterprises
ParentCommScope
Websitewww.commscope.com/ruckus

Ruckus Networks (formerly known as Ruckus Wireless) is a brand of wired and wireless networking equipment and software owned by CommScope. Ruckus offers Switches, Wi-Fi access points, CBRS access points, Controllers, Management systems, Cloud management, AAA/BYOD software, AI and ML analytics software, location software and IoT controller software products to mobile carriers, broadband service providers, and corporate enterprises.[1][2] As a company, Ruckus invented and has patented wireless voice, video, and data technology, such as adaptive antenna arrays that extend signal range, increase data rates, and avoid interference, providing distribution of delay-sensitive content over standard 802.11 Wi-Fi.[3]

Ruckus began trading on the New York Stock Exchange in 2012,[4] and was delisted in 2016,[5] after it was acquired by Brocade Communications Systems for approximately $1.5 billion on May 27, 2016.[6] Ruckus Wireless and Brocade ICX line of Switching products were acquired by Arris International for $800 million in a deal finalized on December 1, 2017.[7][8] Company was renamed as Ruckus Networks, an ARRIS company from Ruckus Wireless. On April 4, 2019, CommScope completed its acquisition of Arris, which included the recently-acquired Ruckus.[9]

History[edit]

Origin, Incubation and Funding[edit]

Ruckus Networks started in 2002 as an incubator project with name SCEOS (Sequoia Capital Entertainment Operating System) funded by a small seed round from Sequoia Capital,[10] in Menlo Park, California. After incubation[11] Ruckus was incorporated [12]in June 2004 as Video54 Technologies Inc., by William Kish and Victor Shtrom.[13] Sequoia Capital, WK Technology Fund, and Sutter Hill Ventures initially funded the company. Selina Lo was the first CEO of the company and continued till company's acquisition by Brocade Communications in 2016.

At its initial days, Ruckus focuses on In-Home IPTV content distribution over wireless. In 2007, Ruckus introduced a miniaturised wireless multimedia adapter, the MediaFlex USB Dongle, designed to provide wireless connectivity to in-home multimedia devices such as set-tops and media center systems. At 2007 CES event, Ruckus demonstrated the dongle with Motorola set top box VIP1720.[14]

On September 19, 2005, Ruckus announced that it has secured $9 million in its second round of financing, which increases total investment in the company to over $14 million since its formation in June of 2004. Sutter Hill Ventures and Investor Growth Capital, the venture capital arm of Investor AB of Sweden, led the new financing. Existing investors Sequoia Capital and WK Technology Fund completed the oversubscribed round. WK Technology Fund led the $3.5 million first round of financing, while Sequoia Capital and private investors provided the initial $1.5 million of seed money. Ruckus Wireless has also appointed Wen Ko, founding managing director of WK Technology Fund, to its board of directors. In addition to Mr. Ko, the Ruckus board of directors includes Dominic Orr, chairman and former CEO of Alteon WebSystems, Selina Lo, president and CEO, Gaurav Garg, former founder of Redback Networks and partner at Sequoia Capital, and Bill Kish, CTO and co-founder of Ruckus Wireless.[15]

Company Growth[edit]

In addition Ruckus announced that PCCW, Hong Kong's primary telecommunications provider, will become the first company in the world to offer consumers a complete wireless multimedia solution, as part of its popular Netvigator Broadband Services, using new products and technology from Ruckus. [16]

On January, 2005, Ruckus announced that company signed a worldwide agreement to license its BeamFlex technology to NETGEAR for RangeMax product line.[15][16]

On April 2008, Ruckus introduced ZoneDirector 3000 - An enterprise WLAN controller, FlexMaster - A remote centralized Wi-Fi management system and SmartMesh on its 802.11n access point.[17] In 2008 Ruckus shifted focus on Enterprise, Carrier SP, Education and Hospitality[18] verticals with ZoneDirector controllers which is built on technology acquired from Airspider. In 2009, Ruckus entered into Metro-Wi-Fi with outdoor mesh system.[19]

Dispute[edit]

In 2008, Ruckus sued Netgear, along with its new MIMO antenna supplier Rayspan, for patent infringement, over the antenna designs and associated software that have replaced the Beamflex technology which Netgear used to buy from Ruckus. Netgear licensed BeamFlex adaptive antenna to use in its RangeMax 824 v1 and v2 wireless routers. For RangeMax 824 v3 routers, Netgear used Rayspan made antennas which violated patents by Ruckus. [20] [21]

In 2010, three months after purchasing ’454 and ’143 patents from Adaptix Corporation., Netgear sued Ruckus for patent infringement. Netgear alleged that Ruckus’ Wi-Fi access points equipped with Ruckus’ BeamFlex and ChannelFly technology infringed the ’454 and ’143 patents.  Netgear also asserted claims for induced infringement and contributory infringement, alleging that Ruckus knowingly and intentionally caused Ruckus’ customers to infringe the asserted patents. On 4 November 2013, The Delaware jury returned a verdict of non-infringement for Ruckus, finding that Netgear failed to establish that any of the Ruckus accused products infringed the asserted claims of the ’454 and ’143 patents. [22][23]

Further technology and products development[edit]

On May 24, 2010, Ruckus announced that it has been granted a Wi-Fi Security Patent for Dynamic Authentication and Encryption by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) This patent is based on a technology developed by Ruckus called Dynamic Pre Shared Key, which require unique security keys to each WLAN user while Pre Shared Keys requires all user of WLAN to use same security key. The technology also aims to dynamically generate security keys and provision. [24] On May 20, 2013 Ruckus introduced a follow up technology to DPSK called 'Zero-IT Activation' to provision unique security keys to client devices by a small agent-like software. [25]

Logo of Video54 Technologies
Logo of Video54 Technologies before changing its name to Ruckus Wireless Inc.,

Ruckus Unveiled their Switching portfolio on June 21, 2010 named as ZoneSwitch Series of Switches. ZoneSwitch Series had two models 4124 and 4224, 24 Port Ethernet RJ-45 PoE Switches and Fiber uplinks with 180Watts and 375Watts power budget respectively.[26] On the same day Ruckus introduced a new Wall Switch access points ZoneFlex 7025 which fits compact into wall jack junction box and provides additional switch ports. Ruckus aims to provide multi-service using this access points in-room hospitality requirements and claimed it is Industry's first Wall jack/Wall switch/Wall jack access point.[26]

Ruckus Networks logo
Former logo of Ruckus Networks, An ARRIS company from 2018 through 2019.

On Jan 27, 2012, Ruckus opened a new R&D center in Diamond District Office Building, Bangalore, India operations will be the company’s first development centre in India, joining the company’s four other R&D centres in Taiwan (Taipei), China (Shenzhen), Israel (Tel Aviv), and US (Sunnyvale, CA).[27] With 2013 YFind's acquisition, a R&D center in Singapore also added.

IPO and Awards[edit]

Ruckus went public on the New York Stock Exchange on November 16, 2012, under the symbol RKUS.[28][2]

In 12 June 2012, In an awards gala in London, Global Telecoms Business recognized Ruckus and Tikona Digital Networks for building world's largest outdoor wireless mesh network in India, naming the companies the winner of its 2012 Broadband Wireless Access Innovation award. Tikona network consisted of over 40,000 Ruckus ZoneFlex™ access points across 30 cities.

IDC MarketScape: Worldwide Enterprise WLAN 2013-2014 Vendor Analysis” (doc #243354, September 2013) announced that Ruckus is named as leader in WLAN market. The report had 3 vendors named as leaders including Cisco, Ruckus and Aruba.[29]

Acquisitions and Mergers[edit]

On April 4, 2016, it was announced that Brocade Communications Systems had agreed to acquire Ruckus for $1.5 billion.[30][31] The deal was completed on May 27, 2016.[32]

In November 2016, Broadcom announced their intention to acquire Brocade for $5.9 billion.[33] The deal was finalized on November 21, 2017.[34] Broadcom said it would retain Brocade's fibre channel SAN switching business and divest Brocade's IP networking business – including the recently acquired Ruckus Wireless. [35][36]

In February 2017, Arris International announced that it would acquire Broadcom's Ruckus Wireless and ICX Switch businesses for $800 million.[37] The deal was completed on December 1, 2017.[38]

In November 2018 it was announced that CommScope would purchase Arris group including Ruckus Networks, for $7.4 billion. The acquisition was completed in April 2019.[39]

2018-Present[edit]

At MWC2018 at Barcelona, Ruckus Networks announced the new CBRS LTE portfolio.[40] U.S. Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) 3.5GHz LTE access points and related cloud subscription services were introduced by Ruckus to enable enterprises to deploy private LTE network. Ruckus conducted live demonstration at MWC'18.

In December 2019, it was reported that a security researcher had found several vulnerabilities in the web user interface software that runs on a number of Ruckus Wireless routers, which the company had since patched.[41]

Technology[edit]

Ruckus designed an adaptive directional antenna technology called BeamFlex, and sold the technology to other manufacturers to enable them to include it in their products. Ruckus also came out with a Customer Premises Equipment (CPE) device that was sold to service providers.[42]

Ruckus offers WiFi products such as indoor and outdoor access points, including BeamFlex, which has directional antenna technology, and automatically adjusts to changes in the Radio Frequency (RF) environment providing stronger signals. Beamforming was integrated into the version of the 802.11 standard and 802.11ac. Ruckus introduced BeamFlex+ with Polarization Diversity Maximal Ration Combining (PD-MRC) to handle complex wireless environment and it was a upgraded technology of BeamFlex.

Ruckus ICX Switches offers Campus Fabric technology in FastIron Operation system across all portfolio of Switches. It is based on IEEE 802.1BR standard for network automation and management simplicity.[43]

Other products that Ruckus offers include controllers, software, and smart wireless services.[44]

Acquisitions[edit]

2006 - AirSpider Networks[45]

2011 October- India development centre of Intellinet Technologies Inc [46][47]

2011/2012 - ComAbility [46]

2013 - YFind Technologies Private Limited [48]

2015 - Cloudpath Networks [49]

Alliances[edit]

Ruckus and Juniper Networks announced technology alliance to provide Unified Wired and Wireless solutions to enterprise, government and education customer segments. [50]

In 2018 February 18, Ruckus Networks signed a strategic global OEM agreement with Dell EMC to deliver Ruckus’ portfolio of wireless, including access points (APs), controllers, virtualized and data analytics assets, and Cloudpath secure network access software—along with Ruckus IoT and OpenG LTE products—as Dell-branded solutions[51]

Products and Services[edit]

Ruckus Networks design, sell and service IT networking products, such as switches, WLAN controller, Access points, IoT gateways and software. Ruckus started as Wireless only company selling to Internet Service Providers(ISP), Hotel chains, Large public venues and later extended to Education.

Ruckus Networks products are generally categorized as

Products and Services Series and families
Switching Ruckus ZoneSwitch Switch Series : PoE Switches for Hospitality

Brocade/Ruckus ICX Series : Enterprise Ethernet Switching portfolio

Wireless - WLAN MediaFlex Series - Wireless Media transreceivers within Home

MetroFlex Series - Wireless Media gateway for Service providers

ZoneFlex Series - Enterprise class WLAN access points

R Series - Indoor Ceiling mounted access points

T Series - Outdoor Ceiling/Wall/Pole mounted access points

H Series - Wallplate access points with additional RJ45 ethernet ports

M Series - Mobile access points with inbuilt LTE SIM card slots

E Series - Embeddable access points

Q Series - Private LTE access points

C Series - Cable Modem access points

Wireless - IoT IoT Dongle - i100 retrofitting Zigbee or BLE capacity on IEEE 802.11ac wave1 products

vRIoT Controller - Part of 'Ruckus IoT Suite' a controller for IoT devices

Network Management SmartZone Network Controller - A Switching and WLAN management controller

ZoneDirector Wireless Controller - Wireless controller for Ruckus APs

Unleashed - Access point as Controller

Software and SaaS Cloudpath Enrolment System (VM/SaaS) - AAA/BYOD Certificate onboarding system

SmartCell Insights(VM) - Reporting Software for SmartZone and ZoneDirector

Unleashed Multisite Manager(VM) - Multisite management solution for Unleashed, Zonedirector and ICX Switches

Ruckus Analytics(SaaS) - Reporting and AI/ML-based analytics software for RUCKUS Cloud and SmartZone

Smart Positioning Technology (VM/SaaS) - Location-based Analytics software

RUCKUS Cloud (SaaS) - Cloud-based controller for APs and ICX Switches

Private LTE OpenG - Q Series CBRS 3.5GHz capable Private LTE Access points

Ruckus LTE Cloud - Private LTE Cloud service

Switches[edit]

FastIron Edge Switch
FastIron Edge Switch
Brocade ICX7250 and ICX6450 Ethernet switches
Brocade ICX7250 and ICX6450 Ethernet switches

Ruckus ICX (formerly Brocade ICX) switches feature the ability to manage multiple switches from a single IP address. The streamlined efficiency of the Layer 2 to Layer 3 transition requires no upgrades in hardware. Moreover, ICX products allow stacking with other like model switches for improved network device interoperability.[52]

By introducing ZoneSwitch Ruckus entered into switching business in 2010, However with Brocade ICX switching business, ZoneSwitch has been retired since. Brocade ICX Switching line focuses on Campus Switching business line for Enterprises, Small data centers, branch offices and access and Core deployments.

Wireless Access points[edit]

Ruckus offers wireless access points that can support up to 500 simultaneous connections on a single node. In 2007, Ruckus launched ZoneFlex, a centrally managed WLAN platform for enterprises and carriers.[53] In MWC2018, Ruckus introduced the IoT capabilities of Access Points.[54]

Ruckus 2825 - 'the clip'

Network Controllers[edit]

SmartZone Network controllers is the model name Ruckus uses to provide management systems that can manage ICX model switches and its Wireless access point under single GUI.

Wireless Controllers[edit]

Ruckus traditionally offered two different controllers: ZoneDirector geared for smaller, single-site deployments and SmartZone directed at carrier and large, multi-site enterprise deployments. SmartZone can be delivered as both a virtual and physical appliance.

Ruckus IoT Modules[edit]

Radio or radio-and-sensor devices that connect to a Ruckus IoT-ready AP to enable endpoint connectivity based on standards such as Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), Zigbee and LoRa protocols.[55]

Software and SaaS[edit]

Ruckus Wireless provides software-products to accompany their hardware. They offer the FlexMaster, SmartCell Insight, Ruckus ZonePlanner, Cloudpath, Ruckus Cloud Wi-Fi and Ruckus Mobile Applications.

Cloud[edit]

In mid-2016 Ruckus added Cloud Wi-Fi named RUCKUS Cloud, a cloud-based WLAN controller that enables administrators to remotely manage distributed sites using a web UI or mobile app. Ruckus Cloud Wi-Fi is a subscription service. Ruckus Cloud services was extended to support ICX switches in 2019. RUCKUS Cloud Supported devices.

Unleashed[edit]

Ruckus Unleashed is a controller-less platform for small and medium businesses that includes controller functionality in each access point, negating the need for a separate network appliance to manage the Wi-Fi access points. Ruckus Unleashed can be managed by a Mobile app. [56]

Cloudpath[edit]

Cloudpath Networks founded in 2006 in Ontario, Canada. On Oct 22, 2015, Ruckus acquired Cloudpath Networks for an undisclosed amount.[57]

Cloudpath invented the Wi-Fi onboarding paradigm in 2006 and onboards personal devices each year utilizing the Automated Device Enablement (ADE) approach built into its XpressConnect product line. Cloudpath believed on adoption of WPA2-Enterprise in environments large and small with its self-service onboarding portal. Utilizing standards-based security, such as WPA2-Enterprise, 802.1X, and X.509. Cloudpath at its core provides AAA services. EAP-TLS Certificate based authentication as its primary focus, a onboarding portal with a dis-solvable agent to provision certificates to TPM directly, Cloudpath aims at reducing administrative overload of EAP-TLS deployment. It also focusses on BYOD and Guest authentication. Apart from using external certificate authorities it also has built-in certificate authority to manage own Public Key Infrastructure (PKI). Ruckus provides Cloudpath software as 1. Software as a Service - SaaS (Cloud Hosted) version and 2. On-premises install-able on vmware.

Location services[edit]

With the acquisition of YFind technologies in 2013 Ruckus entered into Location based services and analytics business. It was named as Ruckus SPoT (Smart Positioning Technology). SPoT is design to understand the footfall analytics with inbuilt webGUI and API to integrate with external system. Through API SPoT integrated with Aislelabs, Skyfi, Ragapa, Gimbal and few other software and services. Ruckus announced they partnered with IBM to provide Location services on top of their Wi-Fi in Vivid Sydney festival. Vivid Sydney provided visitors with over 50 light installations around the city, including Vivid Aquatique Water Theatre at Darling Harbour, Sydney Opera House Sails, Museum of Contemporary Art Australia and Martin Place ‘Urban Tree Project’. SPoT is introduced as on-premises installation or Cloud based SaaS model.

Ruckus IoT Suite[edit]

In Mobile World Congress 2018, Barcelona, Ruckus announced the Ruckus IoT Suite, which enables organizations to readily construct a secure IoT access network that consolidates multiple physical-layer IoT networks into a single network. The aim of the product is to reuse WLAN products for IoT infrastructure thus making a common infrastructure for both WLAN and IoT network to save costs and achieve WLAN levels of security. [58] Ruckus initially tied up with various IoT ecosystem vendors such as Assa Abloy, Actility, IBM Watson, Tile, Kontakt.IO and TrackR to provide various IoT solutions on common infrastructure

Unleashed Multi-Site Manager (formerly FlexMaster)[edit]

The Ruckus Unleashed Multi-Site Manager Management (UMM) is a Linux-based managed service platform for configuration, fault detection, audit, performance management and optimisation of hundreds of thousands of remote Smart Wi-Fi APs or Smart Wireless LANs (WLANs) from a single point.[59]

SmartCell Insight[edit]

The Ruckus SmartCell Insight collects and correlates Wi-Fi performance metrics into 19 available reports, has do it yourself analytics using customer reports, long term retention, and software only solution residing on a Linux server using CENTOS/RHEL OS.[60]

ZonePlanner[edit]

The Ruckus ZonePlanner is a Smart Wi-Fi RF simulation. It integrates Ruckus’ adaptive antenna patterns.[61] ZonePlanner is a rebranded AirMagnet planner locked to Ruckus access points only.[62] [63] Ruckus replaces ZonePlanner with Intangi Iris Wireless planner and YagnaIQ.

Ruckus mobile applications[edit]

Ruckus Wireless has mobile applications called Ruckus SpeedFlex(zapd), Ruckus ZD Remote Control, Ruckus Cloud, Ruckus Unleashed, Ruckus SPoT mobile calibration tool and Ruckus SWIPE.[64] Ruckus XclaimWireless division provided Harmony, a mobile app to manage XclaimWireless Access points when no cloud connectivity.

In 2010, Ruckus internal developed Zap tool has been made open source.[65][66] Zap is a test tool developed by Ruckus to assist in wireless network test and characterisation. Ruckus SpeedFlex mobile app uses Zap protocol to test packets and throughput statistics.

Industries Served[edit]

Enterprises[edit]

Ruckus T300 at Flensburg City Hotspot

Ruckus relies heavily on its enterprise business, as it is two-thirds of their revenue with almost 100% of enterprise sales coming from the channel. Many of these enterprises include hospitality, retail, healthcare, transportation hubs, and education.[67]

Carriers[edit]

Ruckus Wireless started out by selling to carrier companies and they are still a good portion of their business. Their customers include C3ntro Telecom, Verizon, AT&T, Time Warner Cable, Deutsche Telekom, and China Telecom. One-third of Ruckus’ business is selling to carrier businesses.[68]

Hospitality[edit]

Ruckus primarily focussed at Hospitality industry with few vertical-focussed products for Guest Wi-Fi & Switching, IPTV connectivity. Ruckus introduced hospitality focussed products like Wall switch In-room APs (ZoneFlex 7025, ZoneFlex 7055, H500, H510, H320, H550) and switching product lines with PoE and fiber ports and also introduced several integrations with Hospitality software and services.[69] Further in 2018, Ruckus introduced IoT suite focussed for Hospitality business.

Small businesses[edit]

Xclaim Wireless was launched by Ruckus in May 2015[70] as a new division aimed at small businesses and Home office setups. Xclaim Wireless provides Cloud based product portfolio designed for enterprise-class features at consumer-level prices.[71] Xclaim Wireless introduced two 11n indoor, one 11ac indoor and one 11ac outdoor access point models namely Xi-1, Xi-2, Xi-3 and Xo-1 respectively. To manage APs company provided CloudManager, a free to use Cloud based access point configuration manager. CloudManager offered configuration, reporting, multi-location management, ACL, Guest portal. CloudManager utilizes Amazon Web Services Cloud platform for SaaS service. Ruckus announced ConnectedData and Smartnet as their customers.[72] XclaimWireless also introduced 'Harmony' mobile app based configuration for intranet management without CloudManager. Ruckus ended sale of Xclaimwireless portfolio favouring its Unleashed Controller-less and Ruckus Cloud platforms on July 25, 2018.

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External links[edit]

    • Historical business data for Ruckus Networks:
    • SEC filings