Ruda nad Moravou
|Ruda nad Moravou|
|• Total||25.01 km2 (9.66 sq mi)|
|Elevation||325 m (1,066 ft)|
|• Density||100/km2 (270/sq mi)|
|Postal code||789 63|
The municipality covers an area of 25.01 square kilometres (9.66 sq mi), and has a population of 2,560 (as at 28 August 2006).
Significant company located in Ruda nad Moravou is Lesy Ruda a.s. that harvest wood in nearby forests. Former rich sources of iron ore are completely depleted.The area is served by several bus lines and railroad line Nr. 292, the station Ruda nad Moravou.
The origin of the name is connected with iron ore mining, "Ruda" means "Ore" in Czech language. From 1920, the village is named as Ruda nad Moravou, literally "Ore above Moravia river" to make the name more specific. In old Latin sources, the municipality is named Ferreus Mons, Iron Mountain. Germans called the village as Eisenberg with meaning the Iron Mountain as well.
The oldest notes about Ruda nad Moravou come from early 14th century when iron ore was mined. Lord Bernard ze Žerotína built renaissance château in early 17th century which is abandoned today and in poor condiction. The village was heavily stroke by events of Thirty Years' war. In 1896, the settlement was divided to two parts, the Czech Horní Ruda (literally Upper Ruda) and the Sudeten German Dolní Ruda (literally Lower Ruda). This two villages were united again in 1920. Distillery was established in 1838, operating to 1934. Its architecturally valuable Empire building has been preserved. During the interwar period, manufactories producing sweets, gingerbread and buttons as well as a tannery were situated in the village.
- The house of Páni ze Štenberka, unknown - 1397
- The house of Páni z Kravař, 1397 - 1447
- The house of Tunklové z Brníčka a na Zábřehu, 1508
- Mikuláš Trčka z Lípy, 1508-1512
- The house of Páni z Boskovic, 1512 - 1596
- The house of Zierotin, 1596 - 1622
- The house of Lichtenstein, 1622 - 1848.
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