Ruddy woodcreeper

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Ruddy woodcreeper
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Furnariidae
Subfamily: Dendrocolaptinae
Tribe: Dendrocolaptini
Genus: Dendrocincla
Species: D. homochroa
Binomial name
Dendrocincla homochroa
(Sclater, 1859)

The ruddy woodcreeper (Dendrocincla homochroa), is a passerine bird which breeds in the tropical New World from southern Mexico to northern Colombia and extreme northern Venezuela.

This woodcreeper is typically 20 cm (7.9 in) long and weighs 44 g (1.6 oz). It is almost entirely rufous, with a paler throat and grey line from the bill to the eye. The bill is longish and straight.

The call is a squeaky quink or loud deeah.

The ruddy woodcreeper is found in premontane humid forest in lowlands and foothills up to 1,600 m (5,200 ft),[2] and also in adjacent semi-open woodland and clearings.

Ruddy woodcreepers feed on spiders and insects. They will follow columns of army ants, sometimes in groups of up to three birds, dropping from saplings to catch prey fleeing the ants.

It builds a leaf-lined nest 0.6 to 5 m (2.0 to 16.4 ft) up in a hollow palm tree stump, and lays 2–3 white eggs. Adult birds also sleep alone in tree crevices.

Like other woodland birds, this species has been adversely affected by deforestation.[3] For example, in Colombia it is apparently common in the northwestern Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, though otherwise a rather rare bird. This species apparently avoids human-altered habitat and secondary forest whenever possible. It is thus useful as a bioindicator.[2]

Nonetheless, it occupies a large range and wherever sufficient habitat remains, it is often not particularly uncommon. The IUCN considers it a Species of Least Concern.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Dendrocincla homochroa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Strewe, Ralf; Navarro, Cristobal (2004). "New and noteworthy records of birds from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta region, north-eastern Colombia". Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club. British Ornithologists' Club. 124 (1): 38–51. 
  3. ^ Steven L. Hilty (2003). Birds of Venezuela. Christopher Helm Publishers, Incorporated. ISBN 978-0-7136-6418-8. 
  • Stiles, F. Gary; Skutch, Alexander F. (1989). A Guide to the Birds of Costa Rica. Comstock Publishing Associates. ISBN 0-8014-9600-4. 

External links[edit]