|by Heitor Villa-Lobos|
|Composed||1921 Rio de Janeiro:|
|Scoring||Piano solo (later transcribed for orchestra by the composer)|
|Date||24 October 1927:|
|Location||Salle Gaveau, Paris|
Rudepoêma (Portuguese: [ˌɦudʒipoˈemɐ], Savage Poem) is a composition by Heitor Villa-Lobos. It was written in Rio de Janeiro from 1921 to 1926 and is the largest and most challenging work Villa-Lobos wrote for the solo piano. It is in one continuous movement and runs about 19–20 minutes. The piece has been described (with license) as "Le Sacre du printemps meets the Brazilian jungle" (Davis n.d.). For the title of this work, as he also did for other compositions, such as Vidapura and Momoprecoce, Villa-Lobos compounded two words together: rude, meaning "rude", "coarse", "uncultured", "discourteous", and poema, "poem" (Slonimsky 1945, 49). However, the score's dedicatee, Arthur Rubinstein, explained, "The 'Rude' of the title did not have the English meaning. In Brazil it meant 'savage'. When I asked him if he considered me a savage pianist, he said excitedly, 'We are both savage! We don't care much for pedantic detail. I compose and you play, off the heart, making the music live, and this is what I hope I expressed in this work'" (Rubinstein 1980, 252). Rudepoêma was later orchestrated by the composer, and premiered under his baton in Rio de Janeiro on July 15, 1942 (Slonimsky 1945, 148).
The piece was intended as a tonal portrait of the Polish-American pianist Arthur Rubinstein, who premiered the work at the Salle Gaveau in Paris on 24 October 1927, on the first of a pair of concerts devoted to Villa-Lobos's compositions. The (Portuguese) dedication of the score to Rubinstein reads, "My true friend, I do not know if I can have fully assimilated your soul with this Rudepoema [not italicised in the source], but I swear with all my heart that I have the impression in my mind of having recorded your temperament and of having mechanically transcribed it on paper, like an intimate Kodak. Therefore, if I have succeeded, you will be the true author of this work" (Villa-Lobos, sua obra 2009, 145). It is rhapsodic in style and elastic in its structure. It is filled with varied rhythms and dynamic tempo changes which are meant to portray Rubinstein's brilliant and varied personality.
The two main themes of the work are presented at the outset, the first one in the bass register in the left hand, the second answering it in the right hand. Fragments of both themes are clearly audible throughout the composition, which reaches its climax only five bars from the end, with the right hand raining four fortissimo blows on three low notes, C, B, and A (Mariz 1963, 53).
- Davis, Dan. n.d. "Major Discoveries: Hamelin’s Transcendent Villa-Lobos: As Trés Marias; A Prole do Bebê Suites Nos. 1 & 2; Rudepoêma. Marc-André Hamelin (piano). Hyperion 67176 (CD)". Classics Today.com (accessed 5 May 2010).
- Mariz, Vasco. 1963. Heitor Villa-Lobos: Brazilian Composer. Latin American Monographs 24, series edited by A. Curtis Wilgus. Gainesville: University of Florida Press.
- Rubinstein, Arthur. 1980. My Many Years. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 9780394422534.
- Slonimsky, Nicolas. 1945. Music of Latin America. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company.
- Villa-Lobos, sua obra. 2009. Version 1.0. MinC / IBRAM, and the Museu Villa-Lobos. Based on the third edition, 1989 (accessed 26 My 2018).
- Ewen, David. 1959. Encyclopedia of Concert Music. New York: Hill and Wang.
- Ferraz, Silvio. 2012. "Estudo da gênese composicional de Rudepoema de H. Villa-Lobos". Anais do II Simpósio Villa-Lobos, Perspectivas Analíticas para a Música de Villa-Lobos, São Paulo, 23 a 25 de novembro de 2012, edited by Paulo de Tarso Salles and Ísis Biazioli de Oliveira, 210–27. São Paulo: Departamento de Música/Escola de Comunicações e Artes/USP. ISBN 9788572050982.
- Kater, Carlos. 1987. "Villa-Lobos de Rubinstein". Latin American Music Review / Revista de Música Latinoamericana 8, no. 2 (Autumn-Winter): 246–53. (in Portuguese)
- Oliveira, Jamary. 1984. "Black Key versus White Key: A Villa-Lobos Device". Latin American Music Review / Revista de Música Latinoamericana 5, no. 1 (Spring-Summer): 33–47.
- Salles, Paulo de Tarso. 2009. Villa-Lobos: processos composicionais. Campinas, SP: Editora da Unicamp. ISBN 978-85-268-0853-9.
- Wright, Simon. 1992. Villa-Lobos. Oxford Studies of Composers. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-315476-5 (cloth); ISBN 0-19-315475-7 (pbk).
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