Rudolf Alexander Fehr|
July 6, 1911
April 16, 1999 (aged 87)|
Los Angeles, California
|Occupation||Film editor & executive|
|Spouse(s)||Maris Wrixon (1940-1999)|
Rudolf "Rudi" Fehr, A.C.E. (July 6, 1911 – April 16, 1999) was a German-born, American film editor and studio executive. He had more than thirty credits as an editor of feature films including Key Largo (1946), Dial M for Murder (1954), and Prizzi's Honor (1985). He worked for more than forty years for the Warner Brothers film studio, where he was the Head of Post-production from 1955 through 1976. Fehr was instrumental in establishing the 1967 "sister city" connection between Los Angeles and Berlin, which he had fled in the 1930s.
Life and career
Fehr was born in Berlin, Germany. He aspired to become a diplomat or a musician, but was recruited into the film industry, and edited his first film, Der Schlemihl, in 1931; he was just 20 years old. He then worked for several years with the producer Sam Spiegel, including work in Austria and England. In 1933 he edited the French language film Le Tunnel, which was directed by Curtis Bernhardt. In 1935 he worked on the editing of the Buster Keaton film The Invader.
In 1936, Fehr fled the Nazi regime in Germany and moved to United States. He landed a job at the Warner Brothers film studio in Hollywood, where he initially worked to substitute English sound tracks on two films for the original German ones. He soon became an assistant editor to Warren Low. His first Hollywood editing credit was for the film My Love Came Back (1940); the film was directed by Curtis Bernhardt, who had worked with Fehr seven years earlier on Le Tunnel. For the next fifteen years Fehr edited dozens of studio films, including A Stolen Life (directed by Curtis Bernhardt and starring Bette Davis, 1946) and Key Largo (directed by John Huston, starring Humphrey Bogart, and introducing Lauren Bacall, 1948).
In his obituary, Allen Eyles notes two 1946 films as representative of Fehr's work, "Many of his films were routine, but A Stolen Life (1946) had the visual intricacy of Bette Davis playing the dual role of two sisters, initially on screen at the same time, and Humoresque (also 1946) presented John Garfield as an outstanding violinist, dubbed by Isaac Stern. Garfield had to be carefully filmed and edited as he couldn't play a note. He kept his arms behind his back in close-ups while a member of the studio orchestra perched on each side of him, their hands coming into frame to do the fingering and bowing."
Jack L. Warner, the co-founder of the Warner Brothers film studio, had briefly assigned Fehr to production duties in 1952. Fehr then edited two films directed by Alfred Hitchcock, I Confess (1953) and Dial M for Murder (1954). Following Dial M for Murder (1954), Warner appointed Fehr as the Head of Post-production including the editing department. Hitchcock made his next films for Paramount Pictures, where George Tomasini became Hitchcock's principal editor in an important collaboration.
Fehr was Head of Post-production at Warner Bros. until his own retirement in 1976; he had worked for the studio for forty years, and reached its mandatory retirement age of 65. The studio then hired Fehr back, and he went to Europe to supervise foreign-language adaptations of Warner Bros. films in France, Germany, Italy and Spain. In 1980, Fehr became Head of Post-production for American Zoetrope, which was Francis Ford Coppola's production company. In 1982, Fehr was co-editor for Coppola's One from the Heart (1982); it was his first editing credit since 1954. In 1985, he co-edited John Huston's Prizzi's Honor, which was his last film credit.
Beyond the film industry
Fehr was the co-founder (with fellow refugee Ernest Herman) of the Los Angeles-West Berlin Sister City Committee. In 1967 Los Angeles became the first sister city of West Berlin; the connection continued after the 1989 reunification of Germany and of East and West Berlin.
During his long residence in California, Fehr amassed a collection of thousands of music recordings. Selections from his collection were used by Peter Bogdanovich to provide authentic music from the 1930s for the film Paper Moon (1973); one curator wrote that "the soundtrack for Bogdanovich's Paper Moon is nothing more, or less, than one rare Fehr disc after another.
Fehr became an American citizen in February, 1941. He was married to actress Maris Wrixon, whom he had met while they were both working on Million Dollar Baby (1941). They had three daughters. Fehr died of a heart attack in Los Angeles in 1999; Wrixon died less than a year later.
In 1983, Fehr was awarded the Grand Medal of Merit by the president of West Germany, which acknowledged Fehr's work in establishing the sister city relationship of West Berlin and Los Angeles. In 1986, he was a member of the jury at the 36th Berlin International Film Festival. Fehr served as a board member of the Motion Picture Editors Guild. In 1990 Fehr received the Order of Merit of Berlin, again recognizing his work on establishing the city partnership with Berlin.
The director and release year of each film are indicated in parenthesis.
- Unsichtbare Gegner (Katscher-1933). Produced by Sam Spiegel. A German and a French language film (Les requins du pétrole) were produced simultaneously; Fehr was also credited as co-editor for the latter. Phillis Fehr is sometimes credited for editing this film, but this appears to be mistaken. She edited no other films, and Rudi Fehr indicated in interviews that he was the co-editor.
- Le Tunnel (Bernhardt-1933). French and German language versions were filmed at the same time. Fehr is credited as the editor only for the French version, although apparently Gottlieb Madl, the editor credited for the German language version Der Tunnel, largely followed Fehr's editing. Fehr's first Hollywood editing credit was with the same director, Curtis Bernhardt.
- Honeymoon for Three (Bacon-1941)
- Watch on the Rhine (Shumlin-1943). Shumlin, who had directed the play, was new to filmmaking, and Fehr was on the set to guide the camera placements.
- Dial M for Murder (Hitchcock-1954).
- Fehr's birthdate is from the Social Security Death Index.
- Eyles, Allen (June 16, 1999). "Obituary: Rudi Fehr". The Independent. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
- Pesselnick, Jill (May 12, 1999). "Rudi Fehr". Variety. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
- Weniger, Kay (2011). "Rudi Fehr". Es wird im Leben dir mehr genommen als gegeben ...' Lexikon der aus Deutschland und Österreich emigrierten Filmschaffenden 1933 bis 1945: Eine Gesamt Überbersicht (in German). ACABUS Verlag. ISBN 9783862820498.
- LoBrutto, Vincent (1991). "Rudi Fehr". Selected Takes: Film Editors on Editing. ABC-CLIO. p. 33. ISBN 9780275933951.
I'm a very lucky man. I never in my entire career had a director in the cutting room - never. Huston never came to the cutting room on Prizzi's Honor. Hitchcock, Vince Sherman, King Vidor, Mike Curtiz never came to the cutting room. Lloyd Bacon never looked at the rushes. Raoul Walsh never looked at any cut. He saw the picture at the preview, came up to you, patted you on the back and said 'Good job, boy'.The interview concludes with Fehr's advice to aspiring editors.
- Daniel Birt is listed as the editor for this film at Dardis, Tom (1996). Keaton: The Man Who Wouldn't Lie Down. Hal Leonard. p. 297. ISBN 978-0-87910-117-6. Fehr is not credited there, but his editing work is detailed in Harris, Ed (2013). Britain's Forgotten Film Factory: The Story of Isleworth Studios. Amberley Publishing Limited. p. 86. ISBN 9781445611877.
- "Obituaries: Rudi Fehr; Film Editor on 'Key Largo'". The Los Angeles Times. April 20, 1999.
- Rollins, Robert (August 22, 2010). "Remembering Rudi Fehr".
- Beiersdorf, Doris (2007). "40 Jahre Städtepartnerschaft Berlin - Los Angeles - 1967 - 2007" [40 years of the Berlin - Los Angeles city partnership - 1967 - 2007] (in German). Berlin.de.
- Spalek, John M.; Hawrylchak, Sandra H. (1992). Guide to the Archival Materials of the German-speaking Emigration to the United States after 1933, Volume 2. Walter de Gruyter. p. 145. ISBN 9783110971736.
enormous record collection , consisting of ca. 10,000 33 1/3 rpm and ca. 12,000 78 rpm records. Ca. one third of the collection consists of jazz recordings, the remainder being divided among classical, shows, film scores, vocals, nostaliga, and foreign.
- Paper Moon opening screen credits.
- "A Tribute to Rudi Fehr - Rudi Fehr in Person!". Berkeley Art Museum - Pacific Film Archive. April 26, 1979. Archived from the original on September 2, 2013.
- "Berlinale: 1986 Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- Fehr's credit for Dial M for Murder (1954) included the honorific designation "A.C.E"; see Sloan, Jane, ed. (1995). Alfred Hitchcock: A Filmography and Bibliography. University of California Press. p. 251. ISBN 9780520089044.
- A transcript of an unpublished oral history is in the collection of the Margaret Herrick Library, but is not available for online access. See Fehr, Rudi; Bell, Douglas (1998). An oral history with Rudi Fehr / interviewed by Douglas Bell (Report). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Oral History Program. Retrieved 2015-10-28.