Coordinates: 54°56′13″N 10°42′35″E / 54.93685°N 10.70966°E / 54.93685; 10.70966
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Market place in Rudkøbing
Market place in Rudkøbing
Coat of arms of Rudkøbing
Rudkøbing is located in Region of Southern Denmark
Coordinates: 54°56′13″N 10°42′35″E / 54.93685°N 10.70966°E / 54.93685; 10.70966
RegionSouthern Denmark
 • Urban
3.2 km2 (1.2 sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
 • Gender [2]
2,232 males and 2,390 females
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code

Rudkøbing is a town in Denmark, on the western coast of the island of Langeland. It is the seat of Langeland Municipality, in the Southern Denmark Region. The town is located 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) southeast of Svendborg and is connected to Siø through the Siøsund Bridge.


The first mention of Rudkøbing was in 1287, when it was given market town privileges by Duke Valdemar IV of Schleswig, who held the title of rigsforstander (da) under King Eric VI Menved. The original Rudkøbing Church was most likely built in the late 12th century or early 13th century.[3] During the Count's Feud (1534–1536) and again during the Dano-Swedish War (1658–1660), Rudkøbing was under siege by Swedish troops. Both times, the town's fortifications prevented Rudkøbing from immediately falling, but the town eventually had to give in to the Swedes. The town was hit by the Black Plague during the 16th and 17th centuries, and experienced fires in 1590 and 1610.

The Ørsted family, which most notably includes the brothers Hans Christian and Anders Sandøe Ørsted, has its origins in Rudkøbing. Their father was a pharmacist, and the brothers were born in the old pharmacy on Gåsetorvet. Across from their birth house is a statue of Hans Christian, and a statue of Anders is located at nearby Ørstedsparken, which is named in their honor. The old pharmacy remained in use until 2017.[4][5]

Rudkøbing got its first proper harbor in 1826 (it had previously only had a pier). In 1898, in a town of about 3,500 people, there were 152 ships based in Rudkøbing. Every year, over 2,500 ships (carrying over 18,000 metric tons of cargo) came in and over 2,800 ships (carrying over 11,500 metric tons of cargo) went out, mostly to and from elsewhere in Denmark. The town was connected by steam ferry routes to Copenhagen, Korsør, Marstal, and Svendborg.

The town's population was stable during the interwar period, hovering above 4,000, with the census in 1930 recording a population of 4,129. The population peaked at 4,541 in 1950, and by 1965, it had fallen to 4,204. Around this time a suburb developed in Skrøbelev Parish (da), which eventually grew together with Rudkøbing.

Each year between 1991 and 2022, the town hosted Langelandsfestivalen, a music festival which targeted families.[6] Usually lasting 8 days, the festival had performances from both Danish and foreign musicians. The 2023 edition was canceled because of economic problems, and the company behind the festival filed for bankruptcy at the Maritime and Commercial Court on 13 June 2023, after owner Allan K. Pedersen had unsuccessfully tried to find a new owner.[7]

Rudkøbing was the seat of the former Rudkøbing Municipality in Funen County, and is the seat of the current Langeland Municipality in the Southern Denmark Region. When Rudkøbing was its own municipality, there were often negotiations with the two other Langelandic municipalities of Sydlangeland and Tranekær to merge. These plans were repeatedly abandoned due to a lack of public support. In the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform, the three were forced together, and Rudkøbing has since been the municipal seat.


Bridges connecting Rudkøbing and Svendborg were built throughout the late 1950s and early 1960s, finishing in 1966. The old ferry route between the two towns gradually lost popularity due to the bridges, and the route was eventually ended. The ferry route to Marstal, which had been active since 1866, was closed in 2013, so that the only ferry on this route could be moved to the busy route between Marstal and Svendborg. The ferry route between Rudkøbing and Marstal opened again in December 2019.

The Langeland Bridge was built between 1960 and 1962. It connects Rudkøbing and the rest of Langeland to the island of Siø. Siø is further linked by the Siøsund Bridge to Tåsinge, and Tåsinge is linked by the Svendborgsund Bridge to Svendborg on the mainland of Funen, making Rudkøbing accessible by road.[8]

From 1911 to 1962, Rudkøbing was the main station of the Langeland rail network, called Langelandsbanen (da). The network was connected to Svendborg in 1926, when a railway ferry route made it possible to move train wagons between Rudkøbing and the mainland of Funen.[9]

Notable residents[edit]

Nikolaj Coster-Waldau



Politicians and public thinkers[edit]



External links[edit]


  1. ^ BY3: Population 1st January by urban and rural areas, area and population density The Mobile Statbank from Statistics Denmark (Retrieved 5 April 2021)
  2. ^ BY1: Population 1st January by urban areas, age and sex The Mobile Statbank from Statistics Denmark
  3. ^ "Ny udgivelse om kirkerne i Rudkøbing". Nationalmuseet (in Danish). Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  4. ^ "Hans Christian Ørsted". Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Ørsted, Anders Sandøe, 1778–1860". Dansk biografisk Lexikon. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  6. ^ "Langelandsfestival". Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  7. ^ "Selskabet bag Langelandsfestival begærer sig konkurs". TV2 via Ritzau. 13 June 2023. Retrieved 8 February 2024.
  8. ^ "Langeland Bridge". Structurae Version. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  9. ^ "Langelandsbanen". Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  10. ^ Niels Alsted, Svend Dahl. "J. Christian Bay". Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, Gyldendal. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  11. ^ Preben Lerdorff Rye (1917–1995) from IMDb, retrieved 28 January 2019
  12. ^ Bjørn Watt-Boolsen (1923–1998) from IMDb, retrieved 28 January 2019
  13. ^ Nikolaj Coster-Waldau from IMDb, retrieved 28 January 2019
  14. ^ Helle, Knut (ed.). Erik Bredal. Retrieved 1 January 2020. {{cite encyclopedia}}: |website= ignored (help)
  15. ^ Tarald Rasmussen (26 February 2019). "Otto Fabricius". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  16. ^ "Oersted, Anders Sandöe" . Encyclopedia Americana. Vol. XX. 1920.
  17. ^ "Kongelige besøgte i Rudkøbing". 6 July 2011.
  18. ^ "Mads Johansen Lange From Denmark to Bali, Indonesia". Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  19. ^ "Oersted, Hans Christian" . Encyclopedia Americana. Vol. XX. 1920.
  20. ^ "Ørsted, Anders Sandøe, 1816–72, Botaniker". Dansk biografisk Lexikon. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  21. ^ "Oersted, Anders Sandöe" . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. Vol. IV. 1900. p. 559.