|Born||27 April 1911|
Osnabrück, German Empire
|Died||14 October 1943 (aged 32)|
Sobibor extermination camp
|Paramilitary SS career|
|Years of service||1940–1943|
|Rank||Staff Sergeant (Oberscharführer)|
|Unit||Death's Head Units|
|Commands held||Sobibor extermination camp|
Rudolf Beckmann (20 February 1910 in Osnabrück – 14 October 1943 in Sobibor) was a German SS-Oberscharführer in the Sobibór extermination camp. He was stabbed to death during the uprising in Sobibór by inmates. Beckmann was a member of the NSDAP (member 305,721) and the SS. Nothing is known about his early life.
Beckmann worked initially in the cremation process at the Nazi Action T4 killing centers of Grafeneck Castle and Hadamar Euthanasia Centre, where the disabled were gassed. For Aktion Reinhard, he was transferred to the Sobibór extermination camp, where he was mainly in Camp II as head of the sorting commands, where the clothing was sorted, and was responsible for tending to horses.
After the Jews had arrived on the ramp, they were forced to strip naked and put all of their clothes and luggage to the side. Those who could not walk were taken away in carts. If this was happening too slowly, their clothes were torn from their body by force. Then the order came to go into the bath house (gas chamber). Prior to that, they had to pass a counter, at which was SS Oberscharführer Alfred Ittner, who took from them all the valuables, such as gold and other jewelry. Once they were in the gas chamber, Walter Nowak and the brothers Josef Wolf and Franz Wolf, the cast-off clothes were brought to the nearby barracks for luggage and sorting. Then came the command of Rudolf Beckmann and Paul Groth; all papers, documents and objects that were not in the sorting barracks were stuffed in bags and brought to the cremation ground. Then, the ground was raked. "All this had to happen at a fast pace, so that subsequently the next group of Jews could be gassed in the same way as quickly as possible."
Managing director and death
He also worked as managing director in the so-called Forest House, in which the management of the camp was located. The plans of the rebels stipulated that Beckmann and Thomas Steffl should be killed there. He was covertly killed, along with 10 other German guards and an unknown number of Ukrainian auxiliary guards during the camp uprising. When his death was discovered by SS-Oberscharführer Erich Bauer, the escape plan was forced to proceed earlier than planned.
- Barbara Distel: Sobibor: In: Wolfgang Benz, Barbara Distel: Der Ort des Terrors. Geschichte der nationalsozialistischen Konzentrationslager. 8. Bd. Beck. München 2008. ISBN 3-406-57237-5
- Jules Schelvis: Vernichtungslager Sobibór. Unrast-Verlag. Hamburg/Münster 2003. ISBN 3-89771-814-6