Rudolf Geschwind

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Rudolf Geschwind
(1829 - 1910)
'Theano', 1895

Rudolf Geschwind (b 29 August 1829 in Hředle[disambiguation needed], Bohemia, Austro-Hungary - today Czech Republic - d. 30 August 1910 in Karpfen Austro-Hungary, today Krupina Slovakia) was a German Austrian rosarian known for his breeding of rose cultivars.

Studies and professional activities[edit]

Interested in growing plants even in his childhood, Rudolf Geschwind pursued his studies for two years at the Technical University in Prague. He then continued his studies at the Academy for Forestry in Schemnitz (today Banska Stiavnica în Slovakia, graduating in 1852. He then started working for the Austro-Hungarian Department of Forestry. His work was carried out in various parts of the Austro-Hungarian empire, on the territory of today's Italy, Ukraine, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary

However, his hobby was the breeding of roses. From 1860 to 1910 he created around 140 rose cultivars, most of them resistant to frost. He acquired international fame during the Exposition Universelle (1889) in Paris, where he presented his collection of climbing roses.

After his death, in 1910, his entire collection of cultivars was purchased by countess Marie Henrieta Chotek for her rosarium in Dolná Krupá.

Rose cultivars created by Rudolf Geschwind[edit]

Rose cultivars created by Rudolf Geschwind  
Year Name of cultivar Year Name of cultivar Year Name of cultivar
1860 Premier Essai 1890 Trompeter von Säckingen 1900 Pescheräh
1867 Dr. Hurta Rigoletto Eugen E. Marlitt
1882 Anna Geschwind Ovid Satanella
1884 Geschwinds Nordlandrose Wodan Leopold Ritter
1886 Lios Alpha Anna Scharsach Gräfin Chotek
Mme Richter Gipsy Blood Julia Festilla
Forstmeisters Heim Alpenfee Josephine Ritter'
Fatinitza Elbfex Geschwinds Unermüdliche'
Mercedes Dr. Valentin Teirich Geschwinds Schönste
Souvenir de Brod Amneris 1902 Obergärtner Franz Joost
Schloß Luegg Andor Wenzel Geschwind
Nymphe Tepla Antonie Schurz 1905 Lady Gray
Kleiner Postillon Corporal Johann Nagy 1909 Gipsy Boy
Décoration de Geschwind Chloris Azalea
Ännchen von Tharau Erinnerung an meinem Vater Wicking
Wassilissa Fantasca Walküre
Aurelia Liffa Julius Fabianics de Misefa Alice Rauch
Erlkönig Lydia Geschwind Asta von Parpart
1887 Manetti purpurea Picotte Parkzierde
Manetti alba rosea Hauptmann A. Steinsdorfer 1910 Wachhilde
Manetti floribunda Ulana Siwa
Loreley 1891 Dryade Freya
Caecilie Scharsach Nymphe Egeria Commercialized after Geschwind’s death
Meteor 1892 Erinnerung an Schloß Scharfenstein 1912 Hermione
Gilda Lydia Prinz Hirzeprinzchen
Rotkäppchen 1894 Schneelicht Asra
Dora 1895 Fontäne Rote Beka
Eurydice Himmelsauge Ariana El
Virago Griseldis Fatma
Fiametta Lisdana Astra
1888 Kobold Theano 1913 Geisha
Erebus Niobe 1928 Geschwinds Multiflora
Erinnerung an meine Mutter Meigela Geschwinds Gorgeous
Ernst G. Dörell Nora Year of commercialization unknown
Ernst Willner Phaedra Arva Leany
Major Franz Teirich Irrlicht Majthenyi
Esmeralda Vineta Frau Dr. E. Skibinska
Tartarus Crémé
Terror Cyclop
Frau Viktoria von Thusansky Geranium
1889 Graziella Gelon
Gruß an Wien Feuerkugel
Herzblättchen Zacharula-rubrifolia
Marie Geschwind Sylvia
Báró Natália 1897 Gruß an Teplitz
Stadkassierer Wilhelm Liffa Virginia R. Coxe
Caroline Bank
Marie Dermar

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Bibliography about the Geschwind[edit]

Rudolf Geschwind 1829 - 2009 (1910 - 2010). Sammelband des Internationalen Symposiums Rudolf Geschwind 1829 - 2009 gewidmet dem 180. Jahrestag der Geburt von Rudolf Geschwind abgehalten in Krupina und Zvolen am 11. un 12. Juni 2009. Ed.: Miroslav Lukáč. Korrigierte slowakisch-deutsche Ausgabe. Krupina : Die Stadt Krupina in Zasammenarbeit mit Kulturzentrum und Andrej Sládkovič-Museum in Krupina, 2011. 184 Seiten. ISBN 978-80-970553-1-8