Rudolf Hess (artist)
|Died||November 9, 1986 (aged 83)|
|Other names||Rudi Hess|
|Alma mater||California School of Fine Arts (CSFA)|
|Known for||Painting, Art Critic|
|Spouse(s)||Florence Louise Mackie|
Rudolf "Rudi" Hess (1903 – 1986) was an American fine art painter, sculptor and art critic, based in Northern California. His work is of the German Expressionist school and the subject matter covers many genres including landscapes and nature, portraits and everyday city life.
Hess was a art critic and contributor to The Argus, which was a popular San Francisco-based art journal, known for being conservative and primarily highlighting the technical aspects of painting. Hess visited artist Diego Rivera in Mexico, in order to write about him and learn more about his process and his most recent mural. However Hess wrote a scathing review in The Argus (in 1928) titled, “The Tragedy of Rivera," which criticized Diego Rivera as an artist, and Rivera's mural at Secretaría de Educación Pública in Mexico City. This article helped in polarized the art community and prompted artist Ralph Stackpole, who was both a founder of The Argus and a friend of Diego Rivera to write a letter in January 1929 to The Argus editor, in response.
Hess married Florence Louise Mackie in 1946 in Burlingame, California.
In 1971, Hess served as president of Northern California Arts Inc. (NCA), an arts nonprofit in the Sacramento, California area.
Death and legacy
A 1982 magazine was published by the California Department of Transportation, Highway Recollections of Rudolf Hess, Issue 35 and constituents of a recorded interview of Hess.
- 1925 – San Francisco Art Association;
- 1926 – San Francisco Art Association;
- 1927 – San Francisco Art Association;
- 1927 – Modern Gallery (in San Francisco), solo exhibition;
- 1928 – Oakland Art Gallery;
- 1935 – San Francisco Museum of Art (SFMA), inaugural exhibition;
- 1945 – San Francisco Museum of Art (SFMA);
- 1949 – Crocker Art Museum;
- 1951 – Crocker Art Museum;
- "Rudolf Hess Biography". www.askart.com. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
- Ellenshaw, Hilary (2012-05-01). "Diego Rivera at the San Francisco Art Institute". San Francisco Art Institute. Retrieved 2018-06-16.
- Hess, Rudolf (October 1928). "The Tragedy of Rivera". The Argus. San Francisco: Argus Publish Company. 4: 207. Retrieved 2018-06-16 – via Google Books.
- Lee, Anthony W. (1999). Painting on the Left: Diego Rivera, Radical Politics, and San Francisco's Public Murals. University of California Press. pp. 42, 242. ISBN 0520219775 – via Google Books.
- Hailey, Gene (1936). California Art Research: Ralph Stackpole, Jo Mora, Beniamino Bufano. San Francisco Public Library, California Art Research Project. San Francisco, Calif. : [s.n.]
- "The Davis-Wood Family of Gadsden County, Florida, and Their Forebears". Southern Historical Press. 1979. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
- "- About". Northern California Arts Inc. (NCA). Retrieved 2018-06-17.
- Highway Recollections of Rudolf Hess, Issue 35. California: California Department of Transportation. 1982. Retrieved 2018-06-17 – via Google Books.
- The Argus: A Journal of Art Criticism. San Francisco: Argus Publishing Company. 1928. p. 70.