Rudolf Holsti

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Rudolf Holsti
Rudolf Holsti.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
7 October 1936 – 16 November 1938
Prime Minister Kyösti Kallio
Aimo Cajander
Preceded by Antti Hackzell
Succeeded by Väinö Voionmaa
In office
28 April 1919 – 2 June 1922
Prime Minister Kaarlo Castrén
Juho Vennola
Rafael Erich
Juho Vennola
Preceded by Carl Enckell
Succeeded by Carl Enckell
Personal details
Born 8 October 1881
Jyväskylä, Finland
Died 3 August 1945
Palo Alto, California
Political party National Progressive Party

Eino Rudolf Woldemar Holsti (8 October 1881 in Jyväskylä – 3 August 1945 in Palo Alto, California)[1] was a Finnish politician, journalist and diplomat. He was the Foreign Minister of Finland 1919–1922 and 1936–1938 and a member of the Finnish Parliament 1913–1918 representing the Young Finnish Party (Nuorsuomalainen Puolue). From 1919 he represented the National Progressive Party (see, for example, Sakari Virkkunen, "The Presidents of Finland", volume I, Helsinki: Otava Publications Ltd., 1994). Holsti represented Finland in the League of Nations. He was also a republican (opposing the then ongoing movement for monarchy in Finland). A firm supporter of democracy, he openly criticized Adolf Hitler at the outbreak of war. Holsti worked for newspapers in Hämeenlinna, Lahti and Helsinki together with his friend and school companion Joel Lehtonen. The friendship ended abruptly when Holsti recognized himself as the satirically portrayed and fictive politician Rolf Idell in Lehtonen's book Sorron lapset (1924). Holsti was also Ambassador to Estonia from 1923 to 1927.[2]

Later in life, Dr. Holsti taught at Stanford University, after he moved to United States with his two sons: Kalevi and Olavi Holsti (both respected political scientists in their own right). He maintained a healthy correspondence with president Herbert Hoover, and the prime minister and president of Finland. He died on August 3, 1945 at Palo Alto Hospital while undergoing surgery to repair a hernia. His wife Liisa died of tuberculosis on July 22, 1951.

Honorary degrees[edit]



  1. ^ "Rudolf Holsti: Kansanedustajana 02.02.1914 - 28.05.1918, 05.09.1922 - 10.04.1923" (in Finnish). Eduskunta. 
  2. ^ "Ajalugu" (in Finnish). Embassy of Finland, Tallinn. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  3. ^ Rudolf Holsti at the Parliament of Finland Archive


  • Pietiäinen, Jukka-Pekka; Rudolf Holsti, Lehtimies, tiedemies, poliitikko 1881- 1919, Weilin+Göös 1986 .

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Carl Enckell
Foreign Minister of Finland
Succeeded by
Carl Enckell
Preceded by
Antti Hackzell
Foreign Minister of Finland
Succeeded by
Väinö Voionmaa