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13 August 1896|
Metz, Alsace-Lorraine, German Empire
|Died||1 October 1944
Rastenburg, Nazi Germany
|Buried||Invalids' Cemetery, Berlin|
|Allegiance|| German Empire
|Years of service||1914–44|
|Rank||General of the Infantry|
|Commands held||Chief of the personnel department of the German Army|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
Rudolf Schmundt (13 August 1896 – 1 October 1944) was a German officer in the Wehrmacht and adjutant to Adolf Hitler during World War II. He was injured during the 20 July 1944 assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler and died a few months later from his wounds.
Schmundt was born in Metz and served as a Lieutenant for the German Army during World War I. In World War II he attained the rank of General of the Infantry on 1 September 1944, and became the Chief of the Personnel Department of the German Army.
Schmundt was one of the casualties of the failed 20 July plot, planned to kill the German dictator Adolf Hitler. One of the conspirators, Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, placed a bomb in a briefcase beside Hitler. Colonel Heinz Brandt moved it behind a heavy table leg and unwittingly saved Hitler's life, but as a consequence, he lost his own. Severely injured in the assassination attempt, Schmundt initially made a promising recovery, but ultimately died of complications resulting from his injuries on 1 October 1944.
After Schmundt's death, all current Generals and Field Marshals were summoned by Hitler to attend a funeral service at the Tannenberg Memorial, in east Prussia. As reported by Hauptmann Alexander Stahlberg (aide to Field Marshal Von Manstein) in his book "Bounden Duty", the group were entrained back to Berlin and General Schmundt was buried, on Hitler's orders, in the hero's cemetery — the Invaliden. Hitler did not attend either ceremony.
- Iron Cross of 1914, 1st and 2nd class
- Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918
- Wehrmacht Long Service Award
- Golden Party Badge
- German Order (7 October 1944, posthumously)
- Adam, Wilhelm; Ruhle, Otto (2015). With Paulus at Stalingrad. Translated by Tony Le Tissier. Pen and Sword Books Ltd. pp. 35–36. ISBN 9781473833869.
- Alexander, Bevin (2000). How Hitler Could Have Won World War II. Three Rivers Press. p. 71.
- Miller, Michael D. "SCHMUNDT, Rudolf". Axis Biographical Research. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- Hermann Weiß: Biographisches Lexikon zum Dritten Reich, Frankfurt, 2002, p. 411,.
- Johannes Hürter: Schmundt, Rudolf. In: Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB). Band 23, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2007, p. 267.
- Reinhard Stumpf: General der Infanterie Rudolf Schmundt; in: Gerd R. Ueberschär (Hrsg.): Hitlers militärische Elite. Vom Kriegsbeginn bis zum Weltkriegsende Bd. 2, Primus Verlag, Darmstadt 1998.