|2nd President of Slovakia|
15 June 1999 – 15 June 2004
|Prime Minister||Mikuláš Dzurinda|
|Preceded by||Mikuláš Dzurinda (Acting)
Jozef Migaš (Acting)
|Succeeded by||Ivan Gašparovič|
|Member of the National Council|
30 October 1998 – 15 June 1999
|Mayor of Košice|
1994 – 15 June 1999
|Speaker of the National Council|
30 November 1989 – 26 June 1990
|Preceded by||Viliam Šalgovič|
|Succeeded by||František Mikloško|
4 January 1934 |
Košice, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia)
|Political party||Independent (1998–present)|
Party of Civic Understanding (1990–1998)
|Spouse(s)||Irena Schusterová Trojáková(Died 2008)|
Rudolf Schuster (born 4 January 1934) was President of Slovakia from 1999 to 2004. He was elected on 29 May 1999 and inaugurated on 15 June. In the presidential elections of April 2004, in which he sought re-election, Schuster was defeated. He received only 7.4% of the vote, with three other candidates (Ivan Gašparovič, Vladimír Mečiar and Eduard Kukan) receiving more than that. He was succeeded by Ivan Gašparovič.
Life and career
Schuster was born in Košice. From 1964 to 1990, he was a member of the Communist Party of Slovakia. Before becoming President, he was Mayor (Slovak: primátor) of Košice in 1983–1986 and 1994–1999 respectively. He was also the last Communist president of the Slovak National Council (1989–1990), Ambassador of Czechoslovakia to Canada (1990–1992) and a leader of the Party of Civic Understanding (SOP – Strana občianskeho porozumenia, 1998–1999).
He speaks Slovak, Czech, German, Russian, English, and Hungarian fluently.
Schuster's father's family is of Carpathian German origin, while his mother's family is of Hungarian origin. Rudolf Schuster was married in 1961 to Irena Trojáková (died 2008) and he has two children (son Peter and daughter Ingrid) and two granddaughters. In his private life, he is a sports fan, a traveller and a writer. He is also a camera fan.
In 1998 he founded the centre-left Party of Civic Understanding (SOP – Strana občianskeho porozumenia).
In 2004, Schuster sought re-election in the 2004 presidential election and received 7.4% of the votes. This score became the world anti-record of an incumbent president's support; this anti-record was beaten in 2010 by Viktor Yuschenko, President of Ukraine.
Honours and awards
- Greece : Order of the Redeemer (2000)
- Romania : Order of the Star of Romania (2000)
- Croatia : Knight Grand Cross of the Grand Order of King Tomislav ("For outstanding contribution to the promotion of friendship and development co-operation between the Republic of Croatia and the Slovak Republic." – Zagreb, 2 October 2001)
- Chile : Order of Merit (2001)
- Italy : Knight Grand Cross with Grand Cordon of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (28 June 2002)
- Spain : Order of Isabella the Catholic (1 July 2002)
- Sweden : Royal Order of the Seraphim (2002)
- Poland : Order of the White Eagle (2002)
- List of Presidents of Slovakia
- Slovakia presidential election, 1999
- Slovakia presidential election, 2004
- List of leaders of Slovak parliaments
- List of political parties in Slovakia
|President of Slovakia